How to put your iPhone into recovery mode to repair it when it’s malfunctioning

iPhone X
Recovery mode can fix serious issues with your iPhone.

  • iPhone recovery mode is useful if your iPhone won’t turn on or there’s been a critical error.
  • Recovery mode lets your computer connect to the iPhone and try to fix the operating system.
  • If recovery mode doesn’t fix your iPhone’s bugs, you might need to contact Apple support.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Like any high-tech device, the iPhone is designed to be as trouble-free as possible, and most people will own one for years without ever experiencing a serious issue.

But sometimes things can go wrong, and if your iPhone is unresponsive – and all other troubleshooting steps have failed – then you might need to enter recovery mode.

Here are some reasons why you might need recovery mode:

  • Your iPhone’s display shows nothing but the Apple logo for a long time and never fully turns on.
  • During an iOS update, the phone gets stuck in a loop of continuously restarting.
  • The phone won’t turn on, turn off, and is completely unresponsive.

Recovery mode is a troubleshooting tool that connects your iPhone to a computer and lets an app – either Finder or iTunes – diagnose and fix the problem.

How to put your iPhone into recovery mode

The method you use to activate recovery mode will differ depending on whether you’re using a newer version of macOS, an older version, or a PC with Windows.

1. Connect your iPhone to your Mac or PC with a USB charging cable.

2. If you’re running macOS Catalina or newer, open a Finder window. If you’re running macOS Mojave or older or Windows, open iTunes.

3. You’ll need to press and hold buttons on your iPhone to activate recovery mode.

  • On an iPhone 8 or newer, press and quickly release the Volume Up button, and then the Volume Down button. Then press and hold the Lock button until the recovery mode screen appears.
  • On an iPhone 7 or 7 Plus, press and hold the Lock and Volume Down buttons until the recovery mode screen appears.
  • On an iPhone 6s or earlier, press and hold the Lock and Home buttons until the recovery mode screen appears.
iphone recovery mode screen
Don’t release the buttons until you see a screen that looks like this.

4. In Finder, click on your phone in the left sidebar; or in iTunes, click the iPhone icon near the top-left corner of the window.

iphone recovery mode with iphone selected in finder
If you’re using a version of macOS that doesn’t have iTunes, you’ll find your iPhone in the Finder’s sidebar.

5. You’ll be asked if you want to Update or Restore your iPhone. Click Update – this will try to fix your phone without erasing the data. If the recovery finishes and your phone still isn’t fixed, try it again but click Restore.

iphone mac recovery mode warning screen
You’ll be given a warning before you choose a recovery option.

Once you’ve gone through the recovery process, your phone should exit recovery mode on its own. Turn it back on and set it up.

If recovery mode didn’t work, and your iPhone is still malfunctioning, then you’re probably out of options you can perform at home. Try contacting Apple directly for more help.

How to fix a frozen iPhone in 3 simple waysWhat to do if your iPhone screen is cracked or broken, and how to prevent any further damageHow to backup an iPhone to iCloud, to a computer through iTunes, or to an external hard driveHow to restore your iPad from a backup after resetting it, so you never have to lose your data

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How to delete apps on any device to free up storage space and save battery life

How to delete apps: a full guide for every device
You can delete unneeded apps from any device in a few simple steps.

  • You can delete apps on any device to save storage space and battery life while decluttering your home screen.
  • To delete apps on iPhone, iPad, Android and Apple Watch, simply tap and hold the app icon.
  • To delete or uninstall apps on Mac or Windows 10 computers, you have to use Launchpad or Settings.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Deleting apps is a great way to clean up your digital space, though the methods for getting it done will depend on the device you’re using.

Here’s a quick guide to deleting apps, whether you’re using an iPhone, iPad, iCloud, Mac, Windows, Android, Apple Watch, Chromebook, or Apple TV.

Table of Contents: Masthead Sticky

How to delete apps on an iPhone or iPad

To delete apps on iPhone, simply go to your home screen, and tap and hold the desired app to access the option to “Remove App.” Then, select “Delete App.” That will also get rid of any data associated with that app.

How to delete apps 1.PNG
Tap “Remove App” and then “Delete App” in the next pop-up.

On an iPhone with iOS 14 or later, you can also hide an app from your home screen by saving it to your App Library – after selecting “Remove App,” choose “Remove from Home Screen” instead of “Delete App.”

The process to delete apps on an iPad is the same. But instead of first selecting “Remove App,” you’ll simply select “Delete App.” Like on iPhone, deleting an app on an iPad will also delete the data associated with the app.

To free up space in your iCloud account, go to the Settings app on your iPhone or iPad, then select your name, hit “iCloud,” and “Manage Storage.” From there, go into the “Backups” section and you’ll see your list of apps, which you can then delete.

How to delete apps on a Mac

You can’t delete some of the apps on your Mac, but for the ones you can, the Launchpad is the easiest route to getting it done.

Simply open it and then click and hold the app. An “x” should appear in the top-left corner of the app icon. Click the “x” to delete the app on your Mac.

Mac Launchpad screen
A small “x” will appear at the top-left of any apps that can be deleted.

How to delete apps on Windows 10

Deleting programs on Windows 10 is a bit more complicated as simply deleting the program folder or file can cause problems.

Instead, it’s best to go through the “Apps and Features” page in the Settings app. Once there, simply select the app and click “Uninstall.”

How to delete apps on Windows 10, uninstall programs screen
You’ll have to “Uninstall” programs and apps on Windows 10.

Like Mac computers, however, some apps cannot be deleted.

How to delete apps on Android

To delete apps on Android, you can simply press and hold the app, then drag it to the “Uninstall” text at the top right of the screen (next to the trash icon) to delete it.

How to delete apps on Android, drag to delete uninstall screen
Tap, hold, and drag an app to the trash can icon.

How to delete apps on an Apple Watch

There are two ways to delete apps from your Apple Watch: from the Watch app on your iPhone or from the apps screen on your Apple Watch.

On your Watch, you can tap and hold the app icon. An “x” will appear over the icon, which you can tap to remove the app from the device. If your apps are in a list view, you can swipe to the left on an app and tap the trash can icon to delete it.

How to delete apps on Apple Watch, swipe left and tap trash can.
Swipe left and tap the trash icon if your apps are in list view.

On your iPhone, open the Watch app and, on the “Watch” tab, select the app and then toggle off the option to “Show app on Apple Watch.” You can also turn off automatic app installation from there.

How to delete apps on a Chromebook

Deleting apps on a Chromebook is simple: Select and open the launcher, then right-click the desired app, and select “Uninstall” or “Remove from Chrome.”

On the other hand, if you want to delete apps from Google Chrome, go to “chrome://apps” in the browser and, like with Chromebook, right-click the desired app icon and then select “Remove from Chrome.”

Chromebook delete apps screen
After right-clicking an app, select “Remove from Chrome…” in the pop-up.

How to delete apps on an Apple TV

You can only delete apps on newer Apple TV 4K and Apple TV HD models – otherwise, you’ll only have the option to hide them from the home screen.

But for those who can, the process is simple: Scroll to the app on your home screen, then if you have a remote with a touchpad, press down in the center of it until the apps begin to wiggle. If you don’t have the touchpad, press and hold the select button. Then hit the play/pause button to open the menu to delete the app.

Delete apps on Apple TV screen
Select “Delete” to remove an app.

How to delete apps from the Launchpad menu on a Mac computer in 2 ways, depending on how you downloaded themHow to delete apps on your Samsung Galaxy, or disable apps that can’t be removedHow to lock apps on your iPad using Apple’s ‘Screen Time’ feature for limiting app usageHow to transfer all of your apps onto a new iPhone, using iCloud or the App Store

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How to turn off autocorrect on your iPhone or iPad

young person texting on smartphone in city
It only takes a second to turn off autocorrect on your iPhone or iPad.

  • You can turn off autocorrect on your iPhone or iPad from the Keyboard page of the Settings app.
  • You can also disable spell-check, predictive text, auto-capitalization, and more.
  • Autocorrect can be helpful when you need to quickly send messages, but it can also be a nuisance if it gets words or names wrong.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Autocorrect can be a great feature to have. The fact that it can pick up on what word you mean to use, even if your spelling is incorrect, is pretty impressive.

That said, it’s not foolproof. Sometimes autocorrect gets it very wrong, which is an annoyance at best, and potentially disastrous at worst. Plus, some people just don’t like the feature or don’t want it turned on.

Thankfully, turning off autocorrect on your iPhone or iPad is a quick and easy process. Here’s how to do it.

How to turn off autocorrect on an iPhone or iPad

1. Open the Settings app on your iPhone or iPad and select General.

iPhone Settings app homepage
Go to “General.”

2. On the General page, scroll down and select Keyboard.

General page of iPhone Settings app
Tap “Keyboard” to go to your autocorrect settings.

3. In the All Keyboards section, locate the Auto-Correction option.

Keyboards page of Settings app on iPhone
Swipe the button next to “Auto-Correction” to turn it off.

4. To disable autocorrect, tap the Auto-Correction button, turning it from green to grey.

To re-enable autocorrect, simply return to this page and swipe the relevant buttons to turn them green.

How to turn off autocorrect on your Mac computer in 4 stepsHow to turn off autocorrect on a Samsung Galaxy S10 in 2 different waysHow to use the ‘In Case of Emergency’ iPhone shortcut to get quick help from rescue services or a contactWhat are the green and orange dots on an iPhone? How to tell when apps are using your mic or camera

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What is an ISP? The companies that provide you with access to the internet, explained

internet router being hooked up to desktop computer
ISPs can connect all of your devices to the internet.

  • ISP is an acronym for internet service provider.
  • In addition to receiving an internet connection from an ISP, you may also be able to access an email account and web hosting services.
  • ISPs can come in many forms, like dial-up, high-speed (also called broadband), and DSL.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

If you’re reading this article, you can thank an internet service provider.

What is an ISP?

Internet service providers, or ISPs, are companies or organizations that provide you with access to the internet.

ISPs can also offer other options, like web hosting and email services, and they can range in form from giant telecommunication companies to small nonprofits.

When you connect to your ISP, you join its network to access the internet – whether that’s through a browser, a streaming platform, or an app on your phone. ISPs are also interconnected, and you can connect to many networks as you access different sites.

Some of the most prominent ISPs include:

  • Comcast
  • AT&T
  • Verizon
  • Spectrum

ISPs can provide Wi-Fi and Ethernet

Wi-Fi is a wireless internet connection that can be accessed through a router, while Ethernet requires a physical wire (known as an Ethernet cable) that connects your modem to your computer, TV, or video game console.

You can have an ISP that works with both. To be able to do that, you simply need a router that also has an Ethernet port. ISPs that allow for both Wi-Fi and Ethernet connections accomplish this through what’s called a “mixed network.”

ethernet cable connected to laptop internet
You can hook up an Ethernet cable to your devices instead of using Wi-Fi.

Using an Ethernet cable instead of Wi-Fi can also help speed up your internet access.

‘Why isn’t my internet working?’: How to identify why you can’t connect to the internet and troubleshoot accordinglyHow to boost your internet speed at home in 8 ways, and make sure you’re not being overcharged for low speeds‘What is a good internet speed?’: The internet speeds you should aim for, based on how you use the internetHow to use a Google speed test to check how fast your internet speed is

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What is CSS? Understanding the coding language that styles a webpage beyond plain text and photos

coworkers coding on computer together
CSS is important website coding that improves the user interface and experience.

  • CSS is a programming language that lets you customize the color, font, and layout of an HTML-coded website.
  • CSS adds vibrancy to the online experience because without it, websites would look like identical bland lines of text and images.
  • There are three distinct CSS styles that you can use when designing your website.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Even if you’re unfamiliar with the term itself, CSS is a website coding component that any internet user has experienced.

While you may not know exactly what CSS is, it’s something to embrace – CSS immeasurably enriches the online ecosystem.

Here’s everything you should know about how CSS works, its advantages, and why it’s important.

What is CSS?

CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is a coding language used to add colors, layouts, and fonts to a website.

If you were a user in the early stages of the internet, your initial impression of website design may have been quite underwhelming. That’s because CSS wasn’t being used by browsers until 1996.

CSS isn’t the content of a website, but its visual presentation. Think of it this way: CSS is the style, and HTML is the substance.

1_ _What_is_CSS
CSS adds the design elements to a webpage.

HTML serves as a site’s foundation by coding all the content you’re there to consume, but without CSS, the website would be only a bare-bones jumble of words and images.

Insider homepage without CSS
Without CSS, the Insider homepage appears without much stylistic flow.

You may also be familiar with JavaScript, the sort of third pillar of website development. Java is a language which – unlike the static style elements added by CSS – allows you to code in complex, interactive content. As far as web design goes though, CSS is the most crucial web development element.

Types of CSS styles

  • Internal CSS: Also known as the “embedded” style, Internal CSS requires coding the CSS < style > tag in the < head > section of each page you’re coding – the style won’t be applied to an entire website. There are advantages though, as you’ll also be creating a self-contained, easily previewable template for sharing.
  • External CSS: This is often considered the easiest method for long-term website maintenance. All your CSS coding is done in a separate CSS file, then applied to any page you want. Site loading times might also benefit from the external style.
  • Inline CSS: This style is slightly more intensive for coders, requiring each individual HTML tag to be styled. This can also be handy for minor changes and quick previews of modifications.

Benefits of CSS

  • The coding language of CSS is straightforward, but customizable to an enormous degree.
  • Formatting via CSS makes websites easier to navigate by placing buttons in logical places that make them more likely to get clicks.
  • CSS can also eliminate having to use as many lines of code, which allows faster page loading.
  • The responsive design elements of CSS make the language suitable for presentation on any size screen, from a mobile phone to a desktop.

Why CSS is important

CSS created a unified standard for designing web pages that makes the process more accessible.

It’s probably best known for its user-friendliness – a coding language that no one has to be intimidated by.

With CSS, an impeccable-looking website can be achieved without hiring an expert coder.

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How to turn off and opt out of Amazon Sidewalk

man standing in front yard with phone
You don’t have to share your home’s internet bandwidth if you don’t want to.

  • You can turn off Amazon Sidewalk at any time through both the Alexa and Ring apps.
  • Amazon Sidewalk is a neighbor-created network that makes you share part of your internet bandwidth with nearby Amazon devices.
  • Most Echo and Ring devices have Amazon Sidewalk turned on by default.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Amazon Sidewalk is a shared public mesh network developed to extend the connectivity and reliability of low-bandwidth smart devices, even if they’re out of range or your Wi-Fi goes down.

To accomplish this wide-range shared network, Amazon takes a small portion of internet bandwidth from homes with Sidewalk-enabled devices, ultimately creating one, big public mesh network.

The service runs by turning devices, like Echo speakers and Ring cameras, into what the company calls Sidewalk Bridges. Think of them as network bridges that keep everything connected.

Here is a list of devices that double as Sidewalk Bridges:

Device Generation
Ring Floodlight Cam 2019
Ring Spotlight Cam Wired 2019
Ring Spotlight Cam Mount 2019
Echo Third generation and newer
Echo Dot Third generation and newer
Echo Dot for Kids Third generation and newer
Echo Dot with Clock Third generation and newer
Echo Plus All generations
Echo Show All models and generations
Echo Spot All generations
Echo Input All generations
Echo Flex All generations

In terms of data, Amazon says that the maximum bandwidth shared between neighbors is small. Amazon is capping the total monthly data used by Sidewalk to 500 megabytes, which is the same as streaming 10 minutes of HD video.

By sharing a sliver of your internet bandwidth with your neighbors, the idea is your devices can work over a much greater range. But it’s also this aspect of Sidewalk – sharing your home’s internet bandwidth with strangers – that concerns some users.

How to turn off Amazon Sidewalk

By default, compatible devices will automatically have Sidewalk enabled. But if you want to opt out of the service, you can turn it on or off quickly through the Alexa and Ring apps.

On the Alexa app

1. On your phone, open the Alexa app and tap More.

amazon alexa more
To opt out of Amazon Sidewalk, start by tapping “More.”

2. Select Settings and then tap Account Settings.

alex app settings
Go to “Account Settings.”

3. Tap Amazon Sidewalk and tap Disable.

amazon alexa sidewalk
The Amazon Sidewalk page has a simple on/off toggle.

On the Ring app

1. On your phone, open the Ring app and tap the three lines in the upper left-hand corner of your screen.

2. Select Control Center and then tap Sidewalk.

3. Tap the Sidewalk slider button.

4. Confirm your decision in the screen that appears.

A comprehensive list of Alexa voice commands you can use with your smart devicesThe best Amazon Echo smart speakers and smart displays of 2021How to connect your Amazon Echo to Wi-Fi to get the most out of your Alexa-enabled smart speakerHow to reset your Ring doorbell or remove it from your account

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How to add music to an iMovie project on mobile or desktop

creative professional editing video on desktop computer
There are a few different ways to add music and sound effects to your iMovie projects.

  • You can add music to iMovie from a variety of different sources, depending on the device you’re using.
  • iPhone and iPad users have the option to add soundtracks and sound effects via the iMovie app.
  • Mac users can also add music from their computer’s sound library or GarageBand.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

iMovie may be free for Apple users, but there’s a bit of a learning curve when you start using it. If you don’t know where to look, something as simple as adding music to your project can seem daunting – but it doesn’t have to be.

Once you’ve opened your project, here’s what you need to know to add music to your video on an iPhone, iPad, or a Mac.

How to add music to iMovie on an iPhone or iPad

There are a couple ways to add music to iMovie on mobile devices, depending on whether you’re trying to add a soundtrack or sound effects.

How to add a soundtrack

1. Tap the plus sign “+” icon.

iMovie on iPhone plus sign icon
Tap the plus sign icon on the left.

2. Select Audio.

iMovie on iPhone plus sign options list
Tap “Audio” from the list of options.

3. Choose Soundtracks. To preview a soundtrack, tap on it.

Audio add options, iMovie on iPhone
Tap “Soundtracks.”

4. Once you’ve decided which soundtrack to use, tap it and then tap the plus sign “+” icon next to the desired soundtrack to add it to your project.

iMovie on iPhone, choose a soundtrack
Tap the plus sign to select a soundtrack.

How to add sound effects

1. Drag the video to place the white vertical line where you want to insert the sound effect.

2. Tap the plus sign “+” icon.

iMovie on iPhone plus sign icon
Tap the plus sign icon on the left.

3. Select Audio.

4. Choose Sound Effects.

iMovie audio options
Select “Sound Effects” from the list of audio options.

5. Tap through the effects to play them.

6. Once you’ve selected the one you want to use, tap it and select the plus sign “+” icon to insert it into your project.

iMovie select a sound effect page
Tap the plus sign to choose an option.

How to add music to iMovie on a Mac

Although adding music on a Mac is still simple, the process is different than using a mobile device.

1. Click Audio in the top toolbar of the iMovie window.

iMovie on Mac audio tab in toolbar
Select “Audio” at the top.

2. On the left, select the source you want to use for your sound: Music, Sound Effects, or GarageBand. The Music option will give you compatible tracks from your iTunes library, while GarageBand will give you audio clips you’ve made in the GarageBand app.

3. Hover your cursor over each sound clip or song to reveal the play button, and click it to listen to the clip.

how to add music to iMovie 8
Click the play button to preview a sound effect.

4. Click and drag the desired sound to the editing bar at the bottom of the iMovie window, below any video clip you’ve uploaded (try to place it where you want the sound to begin playing alongside the movie).

iMovie editing bar with sound clip
Drag the sound clip to the editing bar.

From there, you can press the spacebar to play the video and sound as they exist within the software. Then, you can decide if you want to change anything.

If the music you want doesn’t appear when you click Music, it might be saved somewhere that iMovie doesn’t look by default. Luckily, you can still add it.

To add music files from anywhere on your computer, click File at the top of the screen, and then Import Media. A Finder window will open, which you can use to select and add audio files from anywhere on your Mac.

If you want to add songs from a CD, insert your CD and then select Audio CD from the list of audio options. Click and drag the desired track onto your project.

Lastly, if you want to record music or a voiceover from a microphone: Hook up your mic to your computer. Then click the microphone icon, located in the bottom-left corner of the video preview and select the Voiceover Options button (located to the right of the red record button). Next, select your mic from the Input Source drop-down menu. Finally, hit the red record button to start recording, and press it again to stop.

How to edit music in iMovie

Once you have the music added to your video, here’s how to start editing:

  • Adjust the volume: Click and drag the line going through the center of the track. Up indicates higher volume, and vice versa.
  • Fade the music: Click the circle that appears on either end of the track and drag it to the right or left to create a fade-in or fade-out effect respectively.
  • Auto-enhance the sound: Click the speaker icon above the video preview (located in the upper-right corner of the screen) and then click Auto.
  • Reduce background noise: Click the noise-reduction button (which looks like lines of varying heights) in the toolbar above the video preview, then check the box next to Reduce background noise and then use the slider to customize the effect.
  • Use an equalizer preset: Click the noise-reduction button and select an option from the drop-down menu next to Equalizer.

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How to type on a PDF in 5 different ways

using phone and laptop texting
It’s much easier to add text to a PDF than you may think, and it can be done on any device.

PDFs are one of the most widely used document formats, but it isn’t always clear how to add text to them.

Fortunately, there are several methods available depending on the device you’re using.

Here’s how to type on a PDF, whether you’re using a Mac, PC, mobile device, or Microsoft Word.

How to type on a PDF on a Mac using Preview

Preview is the default option for viewing PDFs on Macs, and it has a built-in ability to type on those documents.

1. Double-click on the PDF you want to open. As long as you haven’t designated another option as the default PDF-viewing option, it will open in Preview. Otherwise, right-click the file and select Open with and then Preview.

Mac Open with Preview window
Next to “Open With,” select “Preview.”

2. Click the markup icon, located in the top toolbar of the preview window – it looks like a marker within a circle.

PDF open in Preview
Select the markup tool in the top-right corner.

3. Navigate to the page you want to add text to, and then select the Text icon (it looks like a “T” inside of a rectangle). A text box will then appear on the page.

PDF in Preview Text icon in toolbar
Click the “Text” icon in the toolbar at the top.

4. Click into the text box and add the desired text, then drag the box to the desired placement.

PDF in Preview add text box
Enter your text and move the box to the correct location.

5. You can change the font and text color by clicking into the text box, selecting the text, and then clicking the Aa button in the top toolbar. Or, if your document already has text fields, you can simply click into those and type.

PDF in Preview edit text
Click the “Aa” button to customize your text.

How to type on a PDF on a PC or Mac using Adobe Acrobat Reader DC

If you have Adobe’s Acrobat Reader DC (which is free to download) on your computer, you can use it to type on PDFs.

1. Open Adobe Acrobat Reader DC and select Fill & Sign.

Adobe Acrobat Reader homepage
Go to “Fill & Sign.”

2. Click Select a File and choose your desired PDF.

Adobe Acrobat Reader fill & sign page
Click “Select a File.”

3. Specify who needs to sign and fill out the PDF.

Adobe Acrobat who needs to fill and sign
Choose an option.

4. Scroll down to the page you want to add text to and hover over the desired area. You may see a highlighted text box appear, in which case you can simply click into it and start typing.

Adobe Acrobat fill-in text box
If a text box automatically appears, you can type directly into it.

5. If you don’t see a highlighted text box and you want an outline as well as text, click the oval-shaped icon in the top toolbar. Then click the area where you want to add a text box and adjust as desired.

Adobe Acrobat toolbar
Click the oval-shaped icon to add a text box.

6. Click the “Ab” icon in the top toolbar and click near, but not on, the area you just created.

7. Click into the new text area, add your text, and reposition as needed.

How to type on a PDF on an iPhone or iPad using Markup

Those with an iPhone or iPad can use the built-in Markup tool to add text to a PDF.

1. Open your PDF (you can access these via your email, cloud account, or by using AirDrop to send the document to your device.) If given the option, select Files – you won’t see Markup listed as an option – as the opening method.

2. Scroll down to the desired page and select the Markup tool in the top-right corner of the screen.

iPhone Markup tool on PDF
Tap the “Markup” icon.

3. Select the plus (+) sign icon in the bottom-right corner of the screen and select Text.

PDF on iPhone markup tool
Tap the plus sign and in the pop-up, select “Text.”

4. Adjust your text box as needed.

5. Tap the text box and select Edit.

PDF on iPhone markup
In the pop-up, tap “Edit.”

6. Add your text to the box and tap out of the box when complete. You can readjust the placement at this point as well.

PDF on iPhone type in text box
Enter your text and reposition the box as needed.

7. Tap Done when you’ve added all desired text to the PDF.

How to type on a PDF on an Android using Adobe Acrobat Reader DC

If you have the free Adobe Acrobat Reader app installed, you can type on PDFs on your Android device.

1. Open the Adobe Acrobat reader app and select Files in the bottom toolbar.

2. Find the PDF you want to type on and tap to select it.

3. Scroll to the desired page and select the pencil icon in the bottom-right corner of the screen

4. Tap Fill & Sign and then select the “Ab” icon.

5. Tap the area of the page you want to add text to and then select the desired text size and type out your text.

6. Select the check mark in the top-left corner of the screen to finish the process.

How to type on a PDF using Microsoft Word

Microsoft Word is another easy option to modify a PDF, though it will involve converting the PDF into a Word document, which can disrupt stylized formatting. For this reason, it’s best to use Word for text-only PDFs.

1. Right-click your PDF, select Open With, and select Microsoft Word. You may see a message noting the appearance of your PDF may change – select Yes to continue.

2. Click into the document and type to edit it as you would any other document.

3. When finished, select File in the top-left corner of the window and then select Save As followed by PDF.

How to download a PDF document on your iPhone and save it to Apple Books or iCloud FilesHow to convert PDFs into Word files and edit them on a Mac computerHow to combine multiple PDF files into a single document on a Mac or PCHow to view and edit the alt text in a PDF you’re creating, using Microsoft Word or Adobe Acrobat

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How to make a meme out of any picture, GIF, or video

Woman using phone
It’s easy to make memes on your computer or phone.

  • You can make a meme simply by putting text on a picture, GIF, or video clip.
  • There are hundreds of apps for making memes, but not every app supports GIFs or videos.
  • Once you’ve made your meme, you can share it with friends via social media, messaging apps, and more.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Memes are the language of the internet. And although some of them can be rather bizarre – ask anyone over the age of 30 what “yeet” means and they’ll look at you like you’ve grown a second head – there’s no denying that they’re often hilarious.

There are countless kinds of memes, but the kind that most people recognize are simply images with a line or two of text on them. These are also called “image macros,” and they’re incredibly popular.

Luckily, there’s no shortage of apps out there that will help you make memes. Here’s a roundup of the best, along with short guides on how to use some of them.

How to make a meme using a picture

This is the easiest method. Any app that lets you put text on pictures will do here.

Some of the easiest to find and use are:

Paint

Paint, formerly known as MSPaint, comes preinstalled on all Windows computers.

Just open the image you want to turn into a meme in Paint, click the “A” icon in the toolbar at the top of the screen, and click the spot on the image where you want to have text. You can also choose your font and text size from the toolbar.

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Paint has a basic text editor that you can use to make memes.

Once you place your text in Paint, however, it can’t be edited. So if you make a typo or mistake, you might need to start the whole thing over.

Photoshop

Unlike Paint, Adobe Photoshop is a premium app that you usually need a subscription to use. But it has an immense amount of features that’ll help you in your meme-making quest.

Load your image into Photoshop and click the “T” icon on the lefthand toolbar, then click anywhere on the image and start typing. The options at the top of the screen can help you pick the font, size, style, and more.

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Photoshop lets you add text “layers” that can be moved and edited.

Also unlike Paint, once you’ve placed your text, you can double-click it to edit it. And the Move tool (the very first icon in the left toolbar) will let you move, shrink, or enlarge the text however you like.

Clicking Type and then Panels at the top of the screen also gives you access to a number of menus that’ll let you add effects and styles to your text.

And of course, feel free to edit the picture itself however you like using Photoshop’s powerful tools.

Mematic

If you want to make memes on your smartphone, check out Mematic, a free app for both iPhone and Android devices.

As soon as Mematic opens, you’ll be given several default meme templates. You can also select Free STYLE if you’d like to make an entirely custom meme format.

Pick one of the default memes, or upload your own picture. Tap Captions at the bottom to add text, another image, or a watermark. Background lets you change the picture’s size and placement, and add filters or color corrections.

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Mematic lets you add text, filters, and more.

Once your meme is complete, tap Export and then Save. Your meme will download into your phone’s camera roll, where you can view or share it like any other picture.

Imgur

Imgur is one of the biggest photo-sharing sites on the internet. And one of the ways they keep users around is by offering fun tools like the Imgur Meme Generator.

Head to the Meme Generator, and you’ll be given two options. Select a default meme will let you pick from dozens of popular meme formats to make a picture with, while upload new background lets you pick a new picture to write text on.

Once you’ve got a picture selected, you can add text anywhere. If you don’t want one of the text boxes, just delete everything inside of it. Use the small green arrows on the bottom-right corner of each text box to move and resize it.

When you’re done, give your picture a name and click make this meme!

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Set your top and bottom text, then click “Make this meme!”

Your meme will be uploaded to Imgur, where you can save it to your computer or just share the link.

How to make a meme using a GIF

Tools for editing GIFs are a bit more limited. But you can still do it easily on your smartphone or computer.

GIPHY

GIPHY is a company and app dedicated to making and sharing GIFs. They offer a free app for both iPhone and Android devices that lets you turn any GIF on your phone into a meme.

Download and open the app, and then create an account (or sign in if you already have one). On the homepage, tap Create in the top-right corner.

Your camera will turn on, because on this screen, you can take a video that will then be converted into a GIF that you can put captions on. If you’d rather use a GIF that you already have saved, however, tap the icon in the bottom-left corner.

Select the GIF from your photo library and upload it. Once uploaded, tap the Aa icon to add text. The other icons will let you add filters and stickers.

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You can add text in a variety of styles, and all sorts of stickers.

Press the right-facing arrow, and you can share, save, or upload your completed meme.

Kapwing

Kapwing is a video-editing website that gives users powerful editing tools for free. You can use it to edit photos, videos, or GIFs. Note that to use all its features, you’ll need to be on a computer, not a phone.

Head to Kapwing’s Meme Maker and click Get Started. On the page that opens, upload a GIF by dragging it into the window or by clicking Click to upload.

Once uploaded, it’s time to start meme-making. Click Text in the top-left to add captions, but also check out the Images, Audio, and Elements options. These will let you add picture-in-picture images, sounds, and shapes. They’re great if you want to make a truly wild meme.

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Once you’ve uploaded a GIF, you can add and format text.

When you’re done, click the arrow next to Export Video in the top-right, and then Export GIF. Your GIF will process, and you can then download or share it.

How to make a meme using a video

Video memes are great for websites like YouTube and Twitter, which support and play videos natively.

Kapwing

Just like we explained above, Kapwing supports all types of files, including videos.

Simply upload your video and edit it the same way you would a GIF. You can add text, audio, and more. And if there’s a section of the video that you don’t want, use the timeline at the bottom of the screen and the Split option to trim out whatever you like.

Professional video-editing apps

Adding text to a video isn’t a complicated process. Any dedicated video-editing app (Adobe Premiere, iMovie, Final Cut Pro, etc.) has a text option.

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iMovie, for example, has a “Titles” option that lets you place text on videos.

If you have a video-editing app installed on your computer – iMovie is free for all Mac users, for instance – explore the app to find its text-editing or captioning feature. If you can’t find it, look up a manual online. It’s probably hidden in plain sight.

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How to connect an Apple Pencil to your iPad

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The Apple Pencil connects to your iPad via Bluetooth.

  • You can connect your Apple Pencil to an iPad by charging the Pencil with that iPad.
  • To connect a 1st Generation Apple Pencil, plug it into the iPad’s charging port and press “Pair.”
  • To connect a 2nd Generation Apple Pencil, simply latch it onto the side of your iPad.
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The Apple Pencil is one of the best styluses you can get for your iPad. No matter which version you have, the Pencil is easy to store and use.

However, since it’s all wireless, it’s not immediately obvious what you’ll need to do to connect the Apple Pencil with your iPad.

Fortunately, pairing only takes a moment. Here’s how to connect any Apple Pencil with your iPad.

How to connect an Apple Pencil to your iPad

All you need to do to connect your Apple Pencil to an iPad is charge the Apple Pencil with that iPad.

If you have a first-generation Apple Pencil, unscrew the cap on the back of the Pencil and plug it into your iPad’s charging port. Unlock your iPad, and tap the Pair button that appears.

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Tap the “Pair” button when it comes up.

If you have a second-generation Apple Pencil, latch the Pencil onto the magnetic connector on your iPad’s side. If it asks you if you want to pair it, tap Pair.

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The second-generation Apple Pencil connects magnetically.

Your Apple Pencil will stay paired until you restart the iPad, turn on Airplane Mode, or connect it to another iPad.

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