If you’re reading this article, you can thank an internet service provider.
What is an ISP?
Internet service providers, or ISPs, are companies or organizations that provide you with access to the internet.
ISPs can also offer other options, like web hosting and email services, and they can range in form from giant telecommunication companies to small nonprofits.
When you connect to your ISP, you join its network to access the internet – whether that’s through a browser, a streaming platform, or an app on your phone. ISPs are also interconnected, and you can connect to many networks as you access different sites.
Some of the most prominent ISPs include:
ISPs can provide Wi-Fi and Ethernet
Wi-Fi is a wireless internet connection that can be accessed through a router, while Ethernet requires a physical wire (known as an Ethernet cable) that connects your modem to your computer, TV, or video game console.
You can have an ISP that works with both. To be able to do that, you simply need a router that also has an Ethernet port. ISPs that allow for both Wi-Fi and Ethernet connections accomplish this through what’s called a “mixed network.”
Even if you’re unfamiliar with the term itself, CSS is a website coding component that any internet user has experienced.
While you may not know exactly what CSS is, it’s something to embrace – CSS immeasurably enriches the online ecosystem.
Here’s everything you should know about how CSS works, its advantages, and why it’s important.
What is CSS?
CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is a coding language used to add colors, layouts, and fonts to a website.
If you were a user in the early stages of the internet, your initial impression of website design may have been quite underwhelming. That’s because CSS wasn’t being used by browsers until 1996.
CSS isn’t the content of a website, but its visual presentation. Think of it this way: CSS is the style, and HTML is the substance.
HTML serves as a site’s foundation by coding all the content you’re there to consume, but without CSS, the website would be only a bare-bones jumble of words and images.
Types of CSS styles
Internal CSS: Also known as the “embedded” style, Internal CSS requires coding the CSS < style > tag in the < head > section of each page you’re coding – the style won’t be applied to an entire website. There are advantages though, as you’ll also be creating a self-contained, easily previewable template for sharing.
External CSS: This is often considered the easiest method for long-term website maintenance. All your CSS coding is done in a separate CSS file, then applied to any page you want. Site loading times might also benefit from the external style.
Inline CSS: This style is slightly more intensive for coders, requiring each individual HTML tag to be styled. This can also be handy for minor changes and quick previews of modifications.
Benefits of CSS
The coding language of CSS is straightforward, but customizable to an enormous degree.
Formatting via CSS makes websites easier to navigate by placing buttons in logical places that make them more likely to get clicks.
CSS can also eliminate having to use as many lines of code, which allows faster page loading.
The responsive design elements of CSS make the language suitable for presentation on any size screen, from a mobile phone to a desktop.
Why CSS is important
CSS created a unified standard for designing web pages that makes the process more accessible.
It’s probably best known for its user-friendliness – a coding language that no one has to be intimidated by.
With CSS, an impeccable-looking website can be achieved without hiring an expert coder.
Amazon Sidewalk is a shared public mesh network developed to extend the connectivity and reliability of low-bandwidth smart devices, even if they’re out of range or your Wi-Fi goes down.
To accomplish this wide-range shared network, Amazon takes a small portion of internet bandwidth from homes with Sidewalk-enabled devices, ultimately creating one, big public mesh network.
The service runs by turning devices, like Echo speakers and Ring cameras, into what the company calls Sidewalk Bridges. Think of them as network bridges that keep everything connected.
Here is a list of devices that double as Sidewalk Bridges:
Ring Floodlight Cam
Ring Spotlight Cam Wired
Ring Spotlight Cam Mount
Third generation and newer
Third generation and newer
Echo Dot for Kids
Third generation and newer
Echo Dot with Clock
Third generation and newer
All models and generations
In terms of data, Amazon says that the maximum bandwidth shared between neighbors is small. Amazon is capping the total monthly data used by Sidewalk to 500 megabytes, which is the same as streaming 10 minutes of HD video.
By sharing a sliver of your internet bandwidth with your neighbors, the idea is your devices can work over a much greater range. But it’s also this aspect of Sidewalk – sharing your home’s internet bandwidth with strangers – that concerns some users.
How to turn off Amazon Sidewalk
By default, compatible devices will automatically have Sidewalk enabled. But if you want to opt out of the service, you can turn it on or off quickly through the Alexa and Ring apps.
On the Alexa app
1. On your phone, open the Alexa app and tap More.
2. Select Settings and then tap Account Settings.
3. Tap Amazon Sidewalk and tap Disable.
On the Ring app
1. On your phone, open the Ring app and tap the three lines in the upper left-hand corner of your screen.
2. Select Control Center and then tap Sidewalk.
3. Tap the Sidewalk slider button.
4. Confirm your decision in the screen that appears.
iMovie may be free for Apple users, but there’s a bit of a learning curve when you start using it. If you don’t know where to look, something as simple as adding music to your project can seem daunting – but it doesn’t have to be.
Once you’ve opened your project, here’s what you need to know to add music to your video on an iPhone, iPad, or a Mac.
How to add music to iMovie on an iPhone or iPad
There are a couple ways to add music to iMovie on mobile devices, depending on whether you’re trying to add a soundtrack or sound effects.
How to add a soundtrack
1. Tap the plus sign “+” icon.
2. Select Audio.
3. Choose Soundtracks. To preview a soundtrack, tap on it.
4. Once you’ve decided which soundtrack to use, tap it and then tap the plus sign “+” icon next to the desired soundtrack to add it to your project.
How to add sound effects
1. Drag the video to place the white vertical line where you want to insert the sound effect.
2. Tap the plus sign “+” icon.
3. Select Audio.
4. Choose Sound Effects.
5. Tap through the effects to play them.
6. Once you’ve selected the one you want to use, tap it and select the plus sign “+” icon to insert it into your project.
How to add music to iMovie on a Mac
Although adding music on a Mac is still simple, the process is different than using a mobile device.
1. Click Audio in the top toolbar of the iMovie window.
2. On the left, select the source you want to use for your sound: Music, Sound Effects, or GarageBand. The Music option will give you compatible tracks from your iTunes library, while GarageBand will give you audio clips you’ve made in the GarageBand app.
3. Hover your cursor over each sound clip or song to reveal the play button, and click it to listen to the clip.
4. Click and drag the desired sound to the editing bar at the bottom of the iMovie window, below any video clip you’ve uploaded (try to place it where you want the sound to begin playing alongside the movie).
From there, you can press the spacebar to play the video and sound as they exist within the software. Then, you can decide if you want to change anything.
If the music you want doesn’t appear when you click Music, it might be saved somewhere that iMovie doesn’t look by default. Luckily, you can still add it.
To add music files from anywhere on your computer, click File at the top of the screen, and then Import Media. A Finder window will open, which you can use to select and add audio files from anywhere on your Mac.
If you want to add songs from a CD, insert your CD and then select Audio CD from the list of audio options. Click and drag the desired track onto your project.
Lastly, if you want to record music or a voiceover from a microphone: Hook up your mic to your computer. Then click the microphone icon, located in the bottom-left corner of the video preview and select the VoiceoverOptions button (located to the right of the red record button). Next, select your mic from the Input Source drop-down menu. Finally, hit the red record button to start recording, and press it again to stop.
How to edit music in iMovie
Once you have the music added to your video, here’s how to start editing:
Adjust the volume: Click and drag the line going through the center of the track. Up indicates higher volume, and vice versa.
Fade the music: Click the circle that appears on either end of the track and drag it to the right or left to create a fade-in or fade-out effect respectively.
Auto-enhance the sound: Click the speaker icon above the video preview (located in the upper-right corner of the screen) and then click Auto.
Reduce background noise: Click the noise-reduction button (which looks like lines of varying heights) in the toolbar above the video preview, then check the box next to Reduce background noise and then use the slider to customize the effect.
Use an equalizer preset: Click the noise-reduction button and select an option from the drop-down menu next to Equalizer.
Preview is the default option for viewing PDFs on Macs, and it has a built-in ability to type on those documents.
1. Double-click on the PDF you want to open. As long as you haven’t designated another option as the default PDF-viewing option, it will open in Preview. Otherwise, right-click the file and select Open with and then Preview.
2. Click the markup icon, located in the top toolbar of the preview window – it looks like a marker within a circle.
3. Navigate to the page you want to add text to, and then select the Text icon (it looks like a “T” inside of a rectangle). A text box will then appear on the page.
4. Click into the text box and add the desired text, then drag the box to the desired placement.
5. You can change the font and text color by clicking into the text box, selecting the text, and then clicking the Aa button in the top toolbar. Or, if your document already has text fields, you can simply click into those and type.
How to type on a PDF on a PC or Mac using Adobe Acrobat Reader DC
1. Open Adobe Acrobat Reader DC and select Fill& Sign.
2. Click Select a File and choose your desired PDF.
3. Specify who needs to sign and fill out the PDF.
4. Scroll down to the page you want to add text to and hover over the desired area. You may see a highlighted text box appear, in which case you can simply click into it and start typing.
5. If you don’t see a highlighted text box and you want an outline as well as text, click the oval-shaped icon in the top toolbar. Then click the area where you want to add a text box and adjust as desired.
6. Click the “Ab” icon in the top toolbar and click near, but not on, the area you just created.
7. Click into the new text area, add your text, and reposition as needed.
How to type on a PDF on an iPhone or iPad using Markup
Those with an iPhone or iPad can use the built-in Markup tool to add text to a PDF.
1. Open your PDF (you can access these via your email, cloud account, or by using AirDrop to send the document to your device.) If given the option, select Files – you won’t see Markup listed as an option – as the opening method.
2. Scroll down to the desired page and select the Markup tool in the top-right corner of the screen.
3. Select the plus (+) sign icon in the bottom-right corner of the screen and select Text.
4. Adjust your text box as needed.
5. Tap the text box and select Edit.
6. Add your text to the box and tap out of the box when complete. You can readjust the placement at this point as well.
7. Tap Done when you’ve added all desired text to the PDF.
How to type on a PDF on an Android using Adobe Acrobat Reader DC
1. Open the Adobe Acrobat reader app and select Files in the bottom toolbar.
2. Find the PDF you want to type on and tap to select it.
3. Scroll to the desired page and select the pencil icon in the bottom-right corner of the screen
4. Tap Fill & Sign and then select the “Ab” icon.
5. Tap the area of the page you want to add text to and then select the desired text size and type out your text.
6. Select the check mark in the top-left corner of the screen to finish the process.
How to type on a PDF using Microsoft Word
Microsoft Word is another easy option to modify a PDF, though it will involve converting the PDF into a Word document, which can disrupt stylized formatting. For this reason, it’s best to use Word for text-only PDFs.
1. Right-click your PDF, select Open With, and select Microsoft Word. You may see a message noting the appearance of your PDF may change – select Yes to continue.
2. Click into the document and type to edit it as you would any other document.
3. When finished, select File in the top-left corner of the window and then select Save As followed by PDF.
Memes are the language of the internet. And although some of them can be rather bizarre – ask anyone over the age of 30 what “yeet” means and they’ll look at you like you’ve grown a second head – there’s no denying that they’re often hilarious.
There are countless kinds of memes, but the kind that most people recognize are simply images with a line or two of text on them. These are also called “image macros,” and they’re incredibly popular.
Luckily, there’s no shortage of apps out there that will help you make memes. Here’s a roundup of the best, along with short guides on how to use some of them.
How to make a meme using a picture
This is the easiest method. Any app that lets you put text on pictures will do here.
Some of the easiest to find and use are:
Paint, formerly known as MSPaint, comes preinstalled on all Windows computers.
Just open the image you want to turn into a meme in Paint, click the “A” icon in the toolbar at the top of the screen, and click the spot on the image where you want to have text. You can also choose your font and text size from the toolbar.
Once you place your text in Paint, however, it can’t be edited. So if you make a typo or mistake, you might need to start the whole thing over.
Unlike Paint, Adobe Photoshop is a premium app that you usually need a subscription to use. But it has an immense amount of features that’ll help you in your meme-making quest.
Load your image into Photoshop and click the “T” icon on the lefthand toolbar, then click anywhere on the image and start typing. The options at the top of the screen can help you pick the font, size, style, and more.
Also unlike Paint, once you’ve placed your text, you can double-click it to edit it. And the Move tool (the very first icon in the left toolbar) will let you move, shrink, or enlarge the text however you like.
Clicking Type and then Panels at the top of the screen also gives you access to a number of menus that’ll let you add effects and styles to your text.
And of course, feel free to edit the picture itself however you like using Photoshop’s powerful tools.
As soon as Mematic opens, you’ll be given several default meme templates. You can also select Free STYLE if you’d like to make an entirely custom meme format.
Pick one of the default memes, or upload your own picture. Tap Captions at the bottom to add text, another image, or a watermark. Background lets you change the picture’s size and placement, and add filters or color corrections.
Once your meme is complete, tap Export and then Save. Your meme will download into your phone’s camera roll, where you can view or share it like any other picture.
Imgur is one of the biggest photo-sharing sites on the internet. And one of the ways they keep users around is by offering fun tools like the Imgur Meme Generator.
Head to the Meme Generator, and you’ll be given two options. Select a default meme will let you pick from dozens of popular meme formats to make a picture with, while upload new background lets you pick a new picture to write text on.
Once you’ve got a picture selected, you can add text anywhere. If you don’t want one of the text boxes, just delete everything inside of it. Use the small green arrows on the bottom-right corner of each text box to move and resize it.
When you’re done, give your picture a name and click make this meme!
Your meme will be uploaded to Imgur, where you can save it to your computer or just share the link.
How to make a meme using a GIF
Tools for editing GIFs are a bit more limited. But you can still do it easily on your smartphone or computer.
GIPHY is a company and app dedicated to making and sharing GIFs. They offer a free app for both iPhone and Android devices that lets you turn any GIF on your phone into a meme.
Download and open the app, and then create an account (or sign in if you already have one). On the homepage, tap Create in the top-right corner.
Your camera will turn on, because on this screen, you can take a video that will then be converted into a GIF that you can put captions on. If you’d rather use a GIF that you already have saved, however, tap the icon in the bottom-left corner.
Select the GIF from your photo library and upload it. Once uploaded, tap the Aa icon to add text. The other icons will let you add filters and stickers.
Press the right-facing arrow, and you can share, save, or upload your completed meme.
Kapwing is a video-editing website that gives users powerful editing tools for free. You can use it to edit photos, videos, or GIFs. Note that to use all its features, you’ll need to be on a computer, not a phone.
Head to Kapwing’s Meme Maker and click Get Started. On the page that opens, upload a GIF by dragging it into the window or by clicking Click to upload.
Once uploaded, it’s time to start meme-making. Click Text in the top-left to add captions, but also check out the Images, Audio, and Elements options. These will let you add picture-in-picture images, sounds, and shapes. They’re great if you want to make a truly wild meme.
When you’re done, click the arrow next to Export Video in the top-right, and then Export GIF. Your GIF will process, and you can then download or share it.
How to make a meme using a video
Video memes are great for websites like YouTube and Twitter, which support and play videos natively.
Just like we explained above, Kapwing supports all types of files, including videos.
Simply upload your video and edit it the same way you would a GIF. You can add text, audio, and more. And if there’s a section of the video that you don’t want, use the timeline at the bottom of the screen and the Split option to trim out whatever you like.
Professional video-editing apps
Adding text to a video isn’t a complicated process. Any dedicated video-editing app (Adobe Premiere, iMovie, Final Cut Pro, etc.) has a text option.
If you have a video-editing app installed on your computer – iMovie is free for all Mac users, for instance – explore the app to find its text-editing or captioning feature. If you can’t find it, look up a manual online. It’s probably hidden in plain sight.
First, make sure your iPhone or iPad has Bluetooth turned on. To do that, open the Settings app on your device. Tap Bluetooth toward the top of the list and make sure the button is green – if not, swipe the button to the right. If you see a prompt to Allow New Connections, tap on it to allow your device to connect to new devices.
Next, make sure AirDrop is turned on. In the Settings app, select General and then tap AirDrop. You can then select if you want AirDrop to be available to everyone within range or just those in your contact list. For the sake of haste, choose Everyone to see if that quickly solves the problem. It also doesn’t hurt to try turning AirDrop off and on again for it to reconnect – to turn it off, select Receiving Off.
Finally, make sure the device you want to AirDrop to is also enabled for Everyone. If your two devices are far apart, bring them closer in case they’re slightly out of range.
How to fix AirDrop not working on a Mac computer
You may need to change your AirDrop settings to allow your device to be discoverable. Open the Finder app from your Mac’s menu bar or search for it using Spotlight. In Finder, select AirDrop at the top of the sidebar menu on the left. At the bottom of the AirDrop page, select the drop-down menu next to Allow me to be discovered by and change it to Everyone.
If that doesn’t work, use the menu bar at the top of your screen and select the Wi-Fi icon. Make sure it’s switched on and that you’re connected to a network. Next, do the same for Bluetooth. You can also try turning both off and on again in an attempt to reconnect.
You should also check that your firewall settings allow for new connections. Open the System Preferences app on your Mac, and select Security & Privacy. On the Security & Privacy page, click the lock icon in the bottom-left corner of the screen, and enter your password or use your Touch ID.
On the Firewall tab, you can either click Turn Off Firewall or click Firewall Options and, in the pop-up, uncheck the box next to Block all incoming connections, then click OK.
Every so often, Spotify will come out with a similar personalized feature – this time, they’ve unveiled the “Only You” page.
Only You compares all the songs and artists you have saved, and notes which ones are the most different from one another, and which combinations set you apart from other users. Spotify claims they’ve done this by analyzing every user’s music tastes, and picking out the songs or artists that you listen to together, but no one else does. For example, if you listen to both heavy metal and classical baroque pieces, that might show up.
You’ll also get a faux-astrology reading, and a page where you can find special playlists made just for you.
Here’s how to find and share your personalized Only You list.
How to find and use Spotify’s Only You feature
You can find Only You in either of Spotify’s smartphone apps for iPhone and Android. Before anything, make sure that the app is fully updated.
1. Open the Spotify app and log into your account if you haven’t already.
2. If you haven’t seen Only You before, it might pop up automatically, or on your Home tab. Otherwise, tap Search at the bottom of the screen.
3. Underneath the search bar, you should see a pop-up labeled Find out how you listen. Tap this.
4. Your Only You list will start playing. Either wait for each page to pass, or tap the right side of the screen to progress.
5. On the seventh page, you’ll be asked to plan your “Dream Dinner Party” – you can select three artists you like, and Spotify will make you playlists of their most popular songs, and songs by artists like them. Tap Add Mixes to Your Library to save the playlists.
6. When you’re done, you’ll be shown every page in the Only You slideshow. Tap Share under any page, and you can send it to a friend or another app.
The clipboard is such a fundamental part of your computer’s operating system that cut, copy, and paste are probably the first three commands most people learn when getting started with a PC. It’s so logical and intuitive that it’s easy to forget that the concept of a clipboard had to be invented – programmers Larry Tesler and Tim Mott created copy and paste in the early 1970s.
But as useful as it is, the clipboard is limited in that it can generally only hold one item at a time. However, in Windows 10, you can enable the clipboard history to browse and paste the last 25 items you’ve cut or copied.
That means you can easily add multiple items to the clipboard and paste them elsewhere, which can save you the trouble of going back and forth between two programs to copy and paste multiple items.
On a Mac, it’s a little more difficult. There’s no clipboard history tool, so in order to mimic that capability, you’ll need to install a third-party app.
What is clipboard history in Windows?
Since 2018, Windows 10 has included a clipboard history that you can use to paste a list of recently copied items into any program. In this way, it’s similar to the Spike in Microsoft Word, which lets you cut and paste multiple items to an enhanced clipboard.
The clipboard history holds the most recent 25 text snippets, HTML, and images smaller than 4MB. Other items – and larger items – don’t wind up in the history. And with the exception of clipboard items you pin to the history, the clipboard history is deleted each time you restart the computer.
How to turn on clipboard history in Windows 10
To use the clipboard history rather than just the single-item clipboard, you need to turn it on in Settings first. It might be on by default, but it only takes a moment to check.
1. Click the Start button and then click Settings.
2. Click System.
3. In the navigation pane on the left, click Clipboard.
4. In the Clipboard history section, make sure the toggle is On by swiping it to the right.
To disable the Clipboard history feature, swipe the toggle to the left for Off.
How to view and use clipboard history
Once the clipboard history is enabled, you can view it by pressing Windows + V at any time, in any program. You’ll see a window pop up, displaying the last 25 items that were copied or cut to the clipboard.
Here’s what you can do:
To paste an item, scroll through the list and click the item you want to paste at the current cursor position in the active program.
To pin a clipboard item to the history so it’ll remain even after you restart your PC, click the three dots to the right of the item and choose Pin.
To delete an item from the clipboard immediately, click the three dots to the right of the item and choose Delete.
To clear the entire clipboard history and start fresh, click the three dots to the right of the item and choose Clear all.
Using clipboard history on a Mac
Unfortunately, Mac does not support a clipboard history in the same way as Windows. You can only paste the most recently cut or copied item.
To do more, you can install a third-party clipboard utility. There are several to choose from, like the simple and free CopyClip, or PasteBot, which costs $12.99.