- Bank of America sees 2021 as a “turning point” for inflation that could weigh on stock returns.
- An economic re-opening, $1.9 trillion stimulus, and vaccine rollout could push up inflation.
- The firm is bullish on value stocks, cyclicals, commodities and real assets against this backdrop.
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The lower inflation of the last 40 years that sent interest rates down and stock market valuations higher has reached a turning point, according to Bank of America’s chief investment strategist Michael Hartnett.
“We believe we are at a secular turning point for both inflation & interest rates,” Hartnett and a team of Bofa strategists said in a note Thursday. “We believe 2020 likely marked a secular low point for inflation and interest rates due to a reversal of deflationary secular factors, fiscal excess, and an explosive cyclical reopening of the global economy creating excess demand for goods, services and labor.”
Now, as the economy reopens, vaccine rollout speeds up, and Washington’s $1.9 trillion stimulus bill is signed into law, the US could see a jump in inflation, according to the bank.
That jump could impact long-term equity returns. Stock investors who’ve seen a roughly 10% annual return from recent decades should expect that gain to go down to 3%-5% over the course of this decade, said BofA.
The firm recommends US stock investors focus on value stocks and cyclical stocks against this backdrop. Energy and Materials are the two sectors most levered to inflation, they added. Meanwhile, investors should “be nimble” around secular losers like oil, brick-and-mortar retail, and other areas that are likely to face continued disruption.
They noted it’s too early to price in if and when we’ll see a “disorderly jump in inflation and yields.” However, signs that typically precede inflation spikes are showing: 2021 has been the 4th worst start for the 30-year Treasury in the past 100 years, and the best start for oil since 1974.
“We believe the long-term asset allocation implications of 2020s inflation are bullish real assets, commodities, volatility, small cap, value & EAFE/EM stocks, and bearish bonds, US dollar, large cap growth,” said BofA.