US stocks fall after a $30 billion wave of selling tied to hedge-fund Archegos rattles traders

NYSE trader worried
  • US stocks fell on Monday as traders braced for the after-effects of a selling-spree tied to hedge fund Archegos.
  • Archegos is the family office of former Tiger Management trader Bill Hwang.
  • Nomura and Credit Suisse shares tumbled after the banks warned of large losses linked to the fire-sale.
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US futures edged lower on Monday after an extraordinary $30 billion selling-spree by the hedge fund of Tiger Management trader Bill Hwang rattled investors around the world, while the refloating of a giant container ship stuck in the Suez Canal weighed on oil.

Futures on the Dow Jones, S&P 500, and Nasdaq fell between 0.4% and 0.6%, suggesting a lower open for US indices at the start of trading later in the day.

The sell-off appears to have been caused by Archegos Capital, run by the South Korean billionaire Hwang, which uses a long-short equity strategy that reduces exposure to movements in the overall market.

Typically under such a strategy, if long positions decline in value by more than the shorts, this puts them in a risky situation because they won’t have enough money to cover their shorts. The fund’s brokers, including Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, realized this was about to happen, and so initiated margin calls. When Archegos couldn’t make them, the banks then forcibly sold off large holdings in the fund to stop the bleed.

Archegos had large long positions in Chinese and US stocks, including media firm ViacomCBS and Discovery. Both stocks saw their largest-ever daily declines on Friday, with each falling by more than 27%. Traders are now scrambling to figure out whether these fire-sales are over and seeing how much more the hedge fund has to offload.

A number of banking stocks tumbled after Nomura and Credit Suisse warned of large losses following Archegos’ extraordinary fire-sale. Nomura fell 16%, Credit Suisse fell 9.5%, Deutsche Bank fell 5%, and UBS fell 4%.

Wall Street’s VIX Index – popularly known as the ‘fear gauge’ – rose 10% to 20.78 on Monday, signalling a rise in the market’s expectations of volatility in the coming 30 days. The higher the index, the more nervousness is in the market.

Separately in the US, President Joe Biden is due to deliver a speech on Wednesday unveiling his new $3 trillion infrastructure plan that is part of his “Build Back Better” agenda.

Investors are still worried over concerns of rising number of COVID-19 cases in multiple regions in Europe, raising the prospect of further restrictions and curbs on economic activity. The continent is faced with a potential third wave driven by new variants. German Chancellor Angela Merkel said in a Sunday interview she would use federal law to take control of the pandemic response.

Lockdown restrictions in the UK have now eased slightly as groups of up to six people are allowed to meet outdoors. But markets displayed a lack of enthusiasm. “This early reticence may be tied to the Archegos Capital situation,” Connor Campbell, a financial analyst at SpreadEx, said. It remains to be seen which companies might be the next to announce they too have been stung, he said.

The UK’s FTSE 100 fell 0.4%, the Euro Stoxx 50 rose 0.1%, and Germany’s DAX rose 0.2%. The VDAX-New, the German equivalent of the VIX, was last up nearly 6% on the day.

Oil prices fell after the Ever Given container ship blocking the Suez Canal was successfully refloated, according to Inchcape Shipping Services. The ship, which has been stuck for almost a week, is currently being secured. Brent crude futures fell 0.6% to $63.99, while West Texas Intermediate dropped 1.2% to $60.27. The vessel, which is said to be longer than the Eiffel Tower, had obstructed the canal – one of the world’s most important shipping passages – since Tuesday.

Asian equity markets rose despite Chinese geopolitical worries and the forced liquidations on Wall Street, perhaps from the boost that the container ship has been refloated. Roughly 12% of total global trade passes through the canal, a large portion of that is from Asia’s big exporters to their customers in Europe. China’s Shanghai Composite rose 0.5%, Japan’s Nikkei rose 0.7%, and Hong Kong’s Hang Seng was about flat.

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Something weird just went down in the stock market, and Wall Street is speculating it’s the result of a fund liquidation

Trader
Traders work during the closing bell at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) on March 18, 2020 at Wall Street in New York City

  • A selling spree on Wall Street erased $35 billion from the values of stocks of major companies Friday.
  • The selloff appears to be in part the result of the “forced liquidation of positions” held by Archegos Capital Management, CNBC reported.
  • Goldman Sachs liquidated $10.5 billion worth of stocks in block trades, Bloomberg reported.
  • See more stories on Insider’s business page.

A selling spree erased $35 billion from the stock values of major Chinese tech and US media companies Friday, and Wall Street is speculating it was in part driven by the forced liquidation of an investment firm’s holdings.

Shares of ViacomCBS and Discovery fell as much as 35% Friday, while US-listed shares of China’s Baidu, Tencent Music, Vipshop and others also plunged this week. The selloff came as the broader US market ended the week higher, with the Dow closing up over 450 points, buoyed by optimism over the pace of coronavirus vaccinations.

The selloff in the Chinese internet ADRs and US media shares was in part due to the “forced liquidation of positions” held by Archegos Capital Management, CNBC reported, citing a source familiar with the situation.

Archegos describes itself as a family investment office focusing on equity investments primarily in the US, China, Japan, Korea and Europe. Archegos is run by Bill Hwang, the founder of the now defunct Tiger Asia Management. Hwang’s fund is “known for employing leverage,” IPO Edge reported.

The group did not immediately respond to Insider’s request for comment and its website appeared to be offline on Saturday.

Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley liquidated large holdings this week, the news site IPO Edge was first to report, adding that the two investment banks have ties to Archegos. The move likely came after Archegos was unable to meet a margin call by an investment bank, CNBC and IPO Edge reported, citing sources familiar with the matter.

Bloomberg reported Saturday that Goldman Sachs liquidated $10.5 billion worth of stocks in block trades, where banks look to find buyers for big stock positions. The block trades included $6.6 billion worth of shares of Baidu, Tencent and Vipshop before the US market opened on Friday morning, Bloomberg reported, citing an email to clients.

Goldman then sold $3.9 billion worth of shares in media giants ViacomCBS and Discovery, as well as luxury fashion retailer Farfetch, and others, according to the report.

Goldman Sachs did not immediately respond to Insider’s request for comment.

Morgan Stanley also led share offerings on behalf of an undisclosed shareholder or shareholders, Bloomberg reported. Some of the trades exceeded $1 billion in individual companies, Bloomberg reported, citing its own data.

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