All the differences between COVID-19 vaccines, summarized in a simple table that you can take to your vaccination appointment

woman getting vaccine
A physician injects someone with the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.

  • COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson, and AstraZeneca all have unique features.
  • They vary in effectiveness, side effects, dosage, and ages approved for the shots.
  • Here is a table that compares them all. Scroll down to view it.
  • Visit the Business section of Insider for more stories.

Coronavirus vaccines are the world’s escape route out of a pandemic that has shut down schools, grounded flights, and left millions dead.

Vaccines from Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech, AstraZeneca-Oxford University, and Johnson & Johnson have been approved in the West. In the US, all of them have been authorized except AstraZeneca’s – in the UK, all of them except Johnson & Johnson’s are authorized.

Each is given as a shot in the muscle of the upper arm.

You might not get a choice about which COVID-19 vaccine you get, but all four offer some protection against severe illness, so the advice is to take one if you are offered it. For the two-dose vaccines, you should have two shots of the same one, where possible.

Speak with your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, have a specific medical condition, or take medicines -especially if they thin your blood or affect your immune system. Experts have said the COVID-19 vaccines won’t make you infertile. Side effects may start within a day or two and should go away within a few days.

A rare adverse-event associated with AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 shot includes unusual blood clots in the brain. You should seek urgent medical attention if you have a persistent or severe headache lasting more than three days. Other symptoms to watch out for include: shortness of breath, chest pain, painful limbs and tummy pain.

In the US, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended on April 13 that the J&J vaccine’s rollout be paused while authorities looked into reports of rare blood clots in the brain in people who received the shot. J&J temporarily stopped its vaccine rollout in the EU too.

We’ve made a table that gives you the key information for each shot, whether you’ve booked an appointment or not. Scroll down to view it.

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Track all of Biden’s executive orders and actions as president

joe biden executive orders
President Joe Biden prepares to sign a series of executive orders at the Resolute Desk in the Oval Office on Wednesday.

  • President Joe Biden has signed a series of executive orders on his first weeks in office.
  • Many revoked Trump’s actions, laid out Biden’s policy goals, and focused on the pandemic.
  • Track Biden’s executive actions in the interactive graphic below.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

President Joe Biden exercised his power on his first day in office with a series of executive orders, already ticking off some items on his agenda and undoing his predecessor’s legacy.

Roughly five hours after being sworn in as the 46th president on Wednesday, Biden signed a stack of actions, many of which targeted former President Donald Trump’s policies.

“There is no time to waste when it comes to tackling the crises we face,” Biden said. “That’s why today, I am heading to the Oval Office to get right to work delivering bold action and immediate relief for American families.”

Biden revoked Trump’s controversial ban on travel from majority-Muslim countries, halted construction of the former president’s wall along the US-Mexico border, and extended the Obama-era Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program protecting young immigrants who came to the US as children.

Issuing executive orders is typically among presidents’ first duties. Biden outpaced Trump, who on his first day in office signed only one order, to begin a reversal of the Affordable Care Act, which ultimately was unsuccessful.

Biden took the reins of the presidency during a tumultuous period for the nation, still reeling from the deadly Capitol riot and the coronavirus pandemic. The new president repeated calls for unity in his inauguration ceremony and issued a proclamation declaring Wednesday a “National Day of Unity.”

Beyond bridging political divides, Biden has the monumental task of combatting a raging public-health crisis. More than 400,000 people have died from COVID-19 in the US.

Wearing a mask at the Resolute Desk in the Oval Office, Biden kicked off his pandemic response with a “100 Days Masking Challenge” and issued a mask mandate in federal buildings.

This graphic categorizes all of Biden’s executive orders, memoranda, and proclamations. If you click on an action, it will take you to the full text and details from the White House. We’ll keep it updated.

On day one, Biden also rejoined the Paris climate accord, an international treaty that the Obama administration adopted and Trump abandoned. And Biden stopped the US’s withdrawal from the World Health Organization, which Trump had initiated last summer after accusing the United Nations agency of cozying up to China.

Biden extended an eviction moratorium and student-loan-payment deferments to support Americans struggling financially during the pandemic.

Since those actions were presidential statements or agency directives, they aren’t included in the graphic. You can find all of Biden’s statements, actions, and directives on the White House website, or in the Federal Register.

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See the key employees who run Exxon Mobil in our exclusive org chart

exxon org chart 2x1
Exxon’s top four execs. From left to right: Andrew Swiger, SVP and Principal Financial Officer; Darren Woods, CEO; Jack Williams, SVP; and Neil Chapman, SVP.

  • Exxon faced a difficult 2020. The oil titan saw profit evaporate as oil prices crashed, and it was forced to slash spending and cut jobs. 
  • Behind those tough decisions is what some employees have referred to as the God Pod, Exxon’s executive suite. 
  • At the top are CEO Darren Woods and three other members of the company’s management committee. All four men, who are white, have been with the company for decades. 
  • We mapped out the executives they oversee in an org chart available exclusively to Insider subscribers
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

Exxon Mobil, like most large oil companies, faced a number of tough decisions in 2020. After the price of crude collapsed, the firm slashed capital spending by $10 billion, cut thousands of workers, and said it would write down billions more in assets. 

Behind those decisions is what some employees have referred to as the “God Pod” – Exxon’s executive wing at the company’s headquarters. The name is a reference to the top floors of the office that the group occupies, and it’s been used to describe the company’s leadership style. 

“The executive wing of Exxon Mobil’s headquarters outside Dallas is nicknamed the God Pod because orders given by executives there can sometimes be as sharp as thunderbolts,” longtime New York Times energy reporter Clifford Krauss wrote in 2017

At the top is CEO Darren Woods, who’s led the company since 2017, along with three other members of Exxon’s management committee: Neil Chapman, Andrew Swiger, and Jack Williams. Together, they have an average tenure of nearly 35 years. They oversee Exxon’s second tier of executives including vice presidents and division leads.

All four members of the management committee are white men. 18% of Exxon’s US executives are minorities, as of 2019, the company says on its website. 

It’s a new year, but many of 2020’s challenges linger: The layoffs sunk morale, oil markets are still stunted, and some investors are pressuring the company to address the risks associated with climate change, as many of its peers have done. 

We lay out the executives who will navigate those challenges in an org chart, available exclusively to Insider subscribers. It includes 138 of the firm’s top employees. 

View our exclusive Exxon org chart here

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We mapped out the locations of ghost kitchens run by ex-Uber CEO Travis Kalanick’s CloudKitchen and competitor REEF Technology. See where the fight for ghost kitchen dominance is heating up.

Aerial sunny parking lot warehouse
Ghost kitchen startups are scooping up empty warehouses and parking lots around the US.

  • Matt Newberg is the founder of HNGRY, a subscription media platform exploring the overlap of food and technology through trends like ghost kitchens, dark stores, and more.
  • Newberg writes that up-and-coming ghost kitchen startup CloudKitchens is spending spends hundreds of millions of dollars converting old industrial warehouses around the US into dozens of individual kitchen spaces. 
  • REEF Technology is another ghost kitchen startup that operates delivery-only restaurant kitchen trailers and deploys them in parking lots across the country.
  • “CloudKitchens is more like an Amazon fulfillment center, while REEF is more like a 7-Eleven,” explains Newberg. This difference allows REEF to access more locations by volume but gives CloudKitchen has an advantage in overall scale.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

Over the past three years, Travis Kalanick, the ousted founder CEO of Uber, has been quietly purchasing real estate in major cities across the country while simultaneously investing in ghost kitchen business internationally for his ghost kitchen startup, CloudKitchens.

While CloudKitchens got an early start, in 2019 a startup called ParkJockey announced that it had raised money from the sovereign wealth fund of Dubai and Softbank to roll up the two largest parking operators in North America. This built the platform for what has been rebranded as REEF Technology, a startup that operates delivery-only kitchen trailers and other micro mobility applications on top of under-utilized parking spaces. 

Read more3 restaurant brands with ghost kitchens explain how they’ve kept operations running smoothly while staying competitive on delivery apps

REEF’s core bet is that as we move towards shared autonomous vehicles, the demand for parking will plummet.

With $1 billion in newly raised capital, $300 million of which is dedicated to purchasing real estate, REEF is looking to transform parking lots into what it calls a “proximity platform” that supports the on-demand economy through applications like ghost kitchens, micro-fulfillment, and COVID-19 testing sites. 

According to PitchBook, CloudKitchens has raised $700 million in equity and has a debt facility of $200 million from Goldman Sachs to support its real estate acquisitions and build-outs according to a deed of trust document discovered by HNGRY.

Despite the fact that both companies have raised large sums of capital to repurpose distressed real estate, they are quick to distinguish themselves from one another. CloudKitchens is more like an Amazon fulfillment center, while REEF is more like a 7-Eleven. 

Read more: A San Francisco pizzeria transformed into a ghost kitchen when the pandemic hit. Here’s how they pivoted quickly and boosted sales by more than $1 million in the process.

CloudKitchens spends millions of dollars converting industrial warehouses into 30 to 40 individual kitchen spaces, while REEF purchases and deploys a single kitchen trailer per parking lot that it either owns or manages. 

For example, CloudKitchens owns two properties in Miami: a 58,500-square foot warehouse in Wynwood and a 16,441-square foot former Brazilian restaurant in South Beach. By contrast, REEF has blanketed the city with a dozen trailers across six zip codes, each of which can prepare as many as seven different delivery concepts. While these trailers aren’t as mobile as food trucks, they can be quickly removed or deployed from any permitted site. 

CloudKitchens leases its kitchens to large QSRs like WingStop, Chick-fil-A, and Panda Express while REEF operates delivery-only franchises on behalf of mostly smaller brands like Fuku, Umami Burger, and Wow Bao.

By and large, both teams are focused on the same markets, with a high concentration of overlap in LA, San Francisco, Seattle, Portland, Austin, Houston, and Philadelphia. 

While REEF’s modular form factor lends itself to more locations per city, both companies share a similar number of locations in cities like Chicago and LA. Unlike its stealth rival CloudKitchens, REEF has made noticeable attempts brand its trailers and give them the appearance of a neighborhood-friendly destination – despite the fact that its trailers’ sole purpose is to fulfill delivery orders. 

In some cases, REEF lays out astro turf and picnic benches outside of its trailers as a welcome mat despite the fact that all orders must be placed via a delivery app. 

At the other end of the spectrum, CloudKitchens’ facilities go out of their way to disassociate themselves from their parent company, opting to brand each property as a “Food Center,” “Food Nest,” “Food Hall,” “Food Hub,” or “Food Junction” instead. 

The front-of-house areas are primarily designed as waiting rooms for delivery drivers with waiting benches, order screens, and bathrooms. Interior renderings of newer locations depict food lockers for customers to order ahead and pick up as well as ordering tablets for walk-up orders.

Read more: 6 tips for starting a ghost kitchen from entrepreneurs who’ve successfully launched the delivery-only model

REEF has the ability to deploy a greater number of locations by volume in a shorter time span than CloudKitchens, while CloudKitchen has a distinct advantage in scale.

With their current footprints, CloudKitchens can support nearly 10 times the number of brands in a single location than REEF, because the average Cloud Kitchen facility houses 30 individual kitchens that can list themselves as four different concepts, for a total of 120 brands from one CloudKitchen location. REEF, meanwhile, can host just 7. 

On top of this, CloudKitchens is expanding into CloudRetail to add consumer items like ice cream, alcohol, and everyday household essentials to consumers’ food delivery baskets. 

There are glimpses of the grander ambitions CloudKitchens has, beyond just delivering takeout and groceries: Last April, the company briefly tipped its hand by launching the “Internet Food Court,” a virtual food hall that allowed consumers to order across all of its concepts in a single batched order from its second facility in Koreatown, Los Angeles before being mysteriously deleted from the internet a day later. 

Matt Newberg is the founder of HNGRY, a subscription media platform exploring the cutting edge of food and technology through trends like ghost kitchens, dark stores, fungi-based meat, and personalized nutrition. Subscribe to the free weekly newsletter here or try a premium subscription for $5 with promo code INSIDER5.

Read the original article on Business Insider