While Google Chrome makes it easy to navigate around online and have many sites open simultaneously without too many glitches, there are some occasions when you need to restart your browser.
Whether you’re installing an update or a new extension or your pages are becoming unresponsive, sometimes a reboot is necessary.
Restarting your Chrome browser can be done in seconds whether you’re on a Mac or a Windows PC. Google even has a way to guarantee that your open tabs immediately reappear after a restart.
How to restart a Chrome browser without losing tabs
If you need to restart Chrome but want to ensure the tabs you have open aren’t lost in the process, there’s a feature within the application that makes it possible.
On a Mac computer or Windows PC, type chrome://restart in the address bar of your Chrome browser, then hit the Enter or Return key on your keyboard to enter the command. The browser will automatically restart and the tabs you previously had open will reappear.
How to restart a Chrome browser on a Mac
If you don’t need open tabs to re-open, you can restart Chrome on a Mac by simply shutting the application down and re-opening it. This can be done in several ways.
In the menu at the top of your screen, click Chrome button and click Quit Google Chrome from the dropdown menu, or enter the keyboard shortcut Command + Q. You can also quickly close your browser using the red window button in the top-left corner of the window.
If you’re unable to close the window because the browser has become unresponsive, you may need to force quit Google Chrome.
When you want to re-open Chrome to restart it, you can simply click on the application icon on your desktop or in the Applications folder of your Mac’s Finder.
How to restart a Chrome browser on Windows
If you want to restart Chrome on a Windows PC without re-opening open tabs, you can do so by going to the top-right side of the browser window and clicking on the X in the top-right corner of the window.
You could also click the three vertically stacked dots beneath that X to reveal a dropdown menu, then click Exit at the bottom of the menu to quit Chrome.
Apple might try to disguise it, but your iPad is really a computer. And like any computer, it can suffer from problems that are easily solved by restarting the device or, in some cases, resetting it to its factory settings. You might be familiar with the way rebooting a sluggish or glitchy laptop can restore it to working order; the same is true of your iPad.
Restarting an iPad is easy and risk-free; it’s the equivalent of turning it off and back on again. It’s a good option if your iPad is sluggish, the web browser won’t open webpages properly, or you find an app won’t start or is misbehaving.
A reset should be reserved for more serious issues. Called “Erase All Content and Settings” in the iPad’s Settings app, it wipes out all your personal information, installed apps, and data related to your Apple ID. Because it restores the iPad to factory settings, it’s what you should do if you’re selling or giving away the iPad, or having serious problems that repeated restarts have not resolved.
A reset should be your last choice, though. Afterward, you will need to set up the iPad and reinstall your apps and data, either manually or from an iCloud backup.
How to reset an iPad
You should think of a reset as the ultimate “nuclear option” when troubleshooting and resolving issues with your iPad. Unlike a restart which is little more than turning the iPad off and then on again, a reset generally means a factory reset, which erases all the information off of your device and restores it to the way it was when it came out of its box.
You should only do this if you are selling or giving away the iPad, or if you absolutely need to in order to solve a very serious glitch. That’s because you’ll need to restore data from a backup or install all apps and settings manually.
1. If there’s a chance you might need to restore your iPad, make sure it’s backed up to iCloud first. You can do that in the Settings app by choosing “Passwords & Accounts,” “then iCloud Backup,” and tapping “Back Up Now.”
2. When you’re ready to perform the reset, tap the Settings icon and then tap “General.”
3. Tap “Reset” and then tap “Erase All Contents and Settings.”
4. Tap “Backup Then Erase” if you want to make a copy of your iPad’s content before the reset. If you’ve done this recently or do not need a backup, you can just tap “Erase Now.”
5. Enter your iPad’s passcode.
When complete, your iPad will behave like it did when you first used it, displaying the initial setup screen.
How to restart an iPad with Face ID or the Home button
Normally, it only takes a moment to restart your iPad if it is misbehaving or you need to restart it for troubleshooting. The process is slightly different, though, depending upon whether or not your iPad has a Home button (models without a Home button support Face ID; those with a Home button do not).
1. Display the iPad’s restart screen by doing the following, depending on your iPad model:
If you have an iPad with Face ID, press and hold the Power button (located on the side, opposite the volume controls) and either of the volume buttons. After a few seconds, a slider should appear.
If you have an iPad with a Home button, press and hold the Power button (which you’ll find on the top or side, depending on which model you own). After a few seconds, a slider should appear.
2. Drag the slider to the right. Your iPad should turn off automatically.
3. Wait a few moments for the iPad to power down completely. Then press and hold the Power button until the Apple logo appears. Your iPad should restart normally.
How to force-restart an iPad with Face ID or the Home button
A normal reset should solve most iPad problems most of the time. But if your iPad suffers a more serious problem and won’t respond to a restart procedure, you should try to perform a “force-restart” instead. A force-restart does the same thing – it reboots your iPad – but the way you trigger it is a little different.
If you have an iPad with Face ID, press this button combination:
1. Press the Volume Up button for one second and release it.
2. Press the Volume Down button for one second and release it.
3. Press and hold the Power button for five seconds until the Apple logo appears.
If you have an iPad with a Home button, press this button combination:
1. Press and hold the Home button; at the same time, press and hold the Power button.
2. Continue to hold both buttons for about 10 seconds until you see the Apple logo appear.
If a force-restart does not work
Regardless of which kind of iPad you own, if your iPad is having serious technical troubles, the force-restart process might not work. Don’t worry; there’s another solution that can usually get it working again.
1. Connect your iPad to AC power and let it charge for at least an hour. Don’t disturb it while it charges.
2. After that, see if it has restarted on its own.
3. If not, try another force-restart using the procedure above.
If that still does not work, you might have no other option but to contact Apple for service.
AirPlay is one of the features that makes the Apple ecosystem feel interconnected; with just a tap or two, you can stream audio or video from your Mac, iPhone, or iPad to another compatible device, like a television, Apple TV, or smart speaker.
Most of the time, AirPlay appears effortlessly in the Share menu of your media app, and you don’t need to think much about it. Occasionally, though, it doesn’t work, and it’s not clear why. Here’s what to do if AirPlay is not working.
What to do when AirPlay is not working
Most of the time, if AirPlay isn’t working, it simply fails to work at all – your device, like an Apple TV or your television doesn’t appear in the AirPlay device list. But AirPlay can also suffer from other glitches, like if the audio or video stutters or is otherwise low quality.
Here’s a short checklist of things to investigate, organized by the various parts of the AirPlay equation: your iPhone, iPad, or Mac, the screen or speaker you want to AirPlay to, and your Wi-Fi router. As always when running down a troubleshooting list, try AirPlay after each step to see if that fixed the problem; if it didn’t, keep going until you solve the issue.
iPhone and iPad troubleshooting
Toggle your Wi-Fi. The easiest way to do this is to put your iPhone or iPad in airplane mode for a few seconds, then turn off airplane mode (see our guide to airplane mode for details). This forces the device to reconnect to Wi-Fi, which solves all sorts of connectivity issues.
Make sure your device is up to date. Is your device running the latest version of iOS or iPadOS? Update it if necessary by following the steps in our guides to updating your iPhone or iPad.
Restart your iPhone or iPad. A software glitch might be preventing AirPlay from working properly, so restarting the device can wipe the slate clean and let it work normally again. See our guides to restarting your iPhone or iPad.
Check for AirPlay compatibility. If you’ve never used AirPlay on your Mac before, make sure it supports AirPlay. To check, click the Apple menu and choose “System Preferences,” then “Displays.” If your Mac works with AirPlay, you should see an AirPlay Display menu and an option to “Show mirroring options in the menu bar when available.”
Toggle your Wi-Fi. Restart your Wi-Fi connection and make sure that it’s working properly. Test your Wi-Fi by opening a webpage in a browser.
Restart your Mac. A restart can clear out any potential temporary glitches from memory.
Power on your device. Make sure the device you want to play to is powered on and awake.
Connect to the same Wi-Fi network. Make sure the second device is connected to the same Wi-Fi network as your iPhone, iPad, or Mac. If not, switch networks to sync your devices.
Make sure the device is successfully using Wi-Fi. Try to use the device to stream content from the internet. If that’s not working, AirPlay won’t work either, and you might have a more serious issue with your device, or the router might need to be restarted.
Update your Apple TV. If you’re using an Apple TV, make sure the device is up to date. Check for software updates and install it if available.
Restart the device. A restart can clear its memory and star the connection fresh.
Check the device’s audio. If AirPlay is only partially working – you see video but don’t hear audio, for instance – make sure the device’s audio isn’t muted. Also, make sure your iPhone or iPad isn’t set to mute.
Wi-Fi router troubleshooting
Restart your router. If the source of your trouble appears to be your Wi-Fi or internet connection, restart the router. Unplug it, wait two minutes, and then plug it back in.
You may need to update your router. Check your router to see if it needs a firmware update. Many modern routers are easy to update via a mobile app; if your router is older, you might need to log into its web console (see the router’s user guide for details).