How to restart a Google Chrome browser without losing your open tabs

Google Chrome logo on mac laptop screen
There are several ways you can restart a Chrome browser.

  • You can restart Google Chrome by simply closing and reopening the program, or force quitting it if necessary.
  • You may need to restart Google Chrome to install updates or extensions or fix a glitching browser.
  • There is a Chrome restart method that will make open tabs reappear once you restart.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

While Google Chrome makes it easy to navigate around online and have many sites open simultaneously without too many glitches, there are some occasions when you need to restart your browser.

Whether you’re installing an update or a new extension or your pages are becoming unresponsive, sometimes a reboot is necessary.

Restarting your Chrome browser can be done in seconds whether you’re on a Mac or a Windows PC. Google even has a way to guarantee that your open tabs immediately reappear after a restart.

How to restart a Chrome browser without losing tabs

If you need to restart Chrome but want to ensure the tabs you have open aren’t lost in the process, there’s a feature within the application that makes it possible.

On a Mac computer or Windows PC, type chrome://restart in the address bar of your Chrome browser, then hit the Enter or Return key on your keyboard to enter the command. The browser will automatically restart and the tabs you previously had open will reappear.

chrome restart - typed into address bar
Entering chrome://restart in Chrome’s address bar will restart your browser and re-open your open tabs.

How to restart a Chrome browser on a Mac

If you don’t need open tabs to re-open, you can restart Chrome on a Mac by simply shutting the application down and re-opening it. This can be done in several ways.

In the menu at the top of your screen, click Chrome button and click Quit Google Chrome from the dropdown menu, or enter the keyboard shortcut Command + Q. You can also quickly close your browser using the red window button in the top-left corner of the window.

chrome restart on mac
Click Quit Google Chrome from the dropdown.

If you’re unable to close the window because the browser has become unresponsive, you may need to force quit Google Chrome.

When you want to re-open Chrome to restart it, you can simply click on the application icon on your desktop or in the Applications folder of your Mac’s Finder.

How to restart a Chrome browser on Windows

If you want to restart Chrome on a Windows PC without re-opening open tabs, you can do so by going to the top-right side of the browser window and clicking on the X in the top-right corner of the window.

You could also click the three vertically stacked dots beneath that X to reveal a dropdown menu, then click Exit at the bottom of the menu to quit Chrome.

chrome restart on windows - exit menu
Click the X, or the three vertical dots menu and Exit.

If your Chrome window has become unresponsive, you may need to force quit Google Chrome to close the program.

To reopen Chrome, simply double-click the app icon on your desktop, the Start menu, or in your computer’s application folder.

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How to reset an iPad to its factory settings if a simple restart doesn’t solve your technical issues

iPad 2018
You can reset your iPad if you’re facing a serious issue with it; otherwise, there’s always the option to restart your iPad instead.

  • You can reset an iPad to its factory settings if you’re experiencing significant problems with it or are planning to sell it or give it away.
  • You can restart your iPad with the push of a few button combinations.
  • A restart should clear your iPad’s memory and solve the majority of technical problems.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Apple might try to disguise it, but your iPad is really a computer. And like any computer, it can suffer from problems that are easily solved by restarting the device or, in some cases, resetting it to its factory settings. You might be familiar with the way rebooting a sluggish or glitchy laptop can restore it to working order; the same is true of your iPad.

Restarting an iPad is easy and risk-free; it’s the equivalent of turning it off and back on again. It’s a good option if your iPad is sluggish, the web browser won’t open webpages properly, or you find an app won’t start or is misbehaving.

A reset should be reserved for more serious issues. Called “Erase All Content and Settings” in the iPad’s Settings app, it wipes out all your personal information, installed apps, and data related to your Apple ID. Because it restores the iPad to factory settings, it’s what you should do if you’re selling or giving away the iPad, or having serious problems that repeated restarts have not resolved.

A reset should be your last choice, though. Afterward, you will need to set up the iPad and reinstall your apps and data, either manually or from an iCloud backup.

How to reset an iPad

You should think of a reset as the ultimate “nuclear option” when troubleshooting and resolving issues with your iPad. Unlike a restart which is little more than turning the iPad off and then on again, a reset generally means a factory reset, which erases all the information off of your device and restores it to the way it was when it came out of its box.

You should only do this if you are selling or giving away the iPad, or if you absolutely need to in order to solve a very serious glitch. That’s because you’ll need to restore data from a backup or install all apps and settings manually.

1. If there’s a chance you might need to restore your iPad, make sure it’s backed up to iCloud first. You can do that in the Settings app by choosing “Passwords & Accounts,” “then iCloud Backup,” and tapping “Back Up Now.”

ipad 1
Back up your iPad before performing a factory reset in case you need to restore your content.

2. When you’re ready to perform the reset, tap the Settings icon and then tap “General.”

3. Tap “Reset” and then tap “Erase All Contents and Settings.”

ipad 3
Tap “Erase All Content and Settings” to wipe your iPad clean.

4. Tap “Backup Then Erase” if you want to make a copy of your iPad’s content before the reset. If you’ve done this recently or do not need a backup, you can just tap “Erase Now.”

5. Enter your iPad’s passcode.

When complete, your iPad will behave like it did when you first used it, displaying the initial setup screen.

How to restart an iPad with Face ID or the Home button

Normally, it only takes a moment to restart your iPad if it is misbehaving or you need to restart it for troubleshooting. The process is slightly different, though, depending upon whether or not your iPad has a Home button (models without a Home button support Face ID; those with a Home button do not).

1. Display the iPad’s restart screen by doing the following, depending on your iPad model:

  • If you have an iPad with Face ID, press and hold the Power button (located on the side, opposite the volume controls) and either of the volume buttons. After a few seconds, a slider should appear.
  • If you have an iPad with a Home button, press and hold the Power button (which you’ll find on the top or side, depending on which model you own). After a few seconds, a slider should appear.

2. Drag the slider to the right. Your iPad should turn off automatically.

How to reset an iPad or restart and force restart your Apple device 1
After pressing the right button combo, the reset screen should appear.

3. Wait a few moments for the iPad to power down completely. Then press and hold the Power button until the Apple logo appears. Your iPad should restart normally.

How to force-restart an iPad with Face ID or the Home button

A normal reset should solve most iPad problems most of the time. But if your iPad suffers a more serious problem and won’t respond to a restart procedure, you should try to perform a “force-restart” instead. A force-restart does the same thing – it reboots your iPad – but the way you trigger it is a little different.

If you have an iPad with Face ID, press this button combination:

1. Press the Volume Up button for one second and release it.

2. Press the Volume Down button for one second and release it.

3. Press and hold the Power button for five seconds until the Apple logo appears.

If you have an iPad with a Home button, press this button combination:

1. Press and hold the Home button; at the same time, press and hold the Power button.

2. Continue to hold both buttons for about 10 seconds until you see the Apple logo appear.

How to reset an iPad or restart and force restart your Apple device 2
There’s a secondary set of button combos that can force your iPad to reset if the first method does not work.

If a force-restart does not work

Regardless of which kind of iPad you own, if your iPad is having serious technical troubles, the force-restart process might not work. Don’t worry; there’s another solution that can usually get it working again.

1. Connect your iPad to AC power and let it charge for at least an hour. Don’t disturb it while it charges.

2. After that, see if it has restarted on its own.

3. If not, try another force-restart using the procedure above.

If that still does not work, you might have no other option but to contact Apple for service.

How to factory reset your iPhone and wipe its data, whether you’re selling it or troubleshooting issuesHow to factory reset a Windows 10 computer, to help you troubleshoot or prepare to sell a PCHow to wipe a Mac computer, and reset it to its factory settingsHow to restore your iPhone from a backup after resetting it, so you never have to lose your data

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How to troubleshoot when AirPlay is not working between your devices and fails to cast content

woman watching tv looking through content on phone
If AirPlay is not working for you, there are a few ways to troubleshoot the problem using the devices involved.

  • If your AirPlay is not working, you may need to troubleshoot the involved Apple or AirPlay-compatible devices or your Wi-Fi router.
  • When everything is working properly, you can use AirPlay to send video from your Mac, iPhone, or iPad to an Apple TV or another AirPlay-supported device.
  • Here is a list of things to check on each device when AirPlay is not working.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

AirPlay is one of the features that makes the Apple ecosystem feel interconnected; with just a tap or two, you can stream audio or video from your Mac, iPhone, or iPad to another compatible device, like a television, Apple TV, or smart speaker.

Most of the time, AirPlay appears effortlessly in the Share menu of your media app, and you don’t need to think much about it. Occasionally, though, it doesn’t work, and it’s not clear why. Here’s what to do if AirPlay is not working.

What to do when AirPlay is not working

Most of the time, if AirPlay isn’t working, it simply fails to work at all – your device, like an Apple TV or your television doesn’t appear in the AirPlay device list. But AirPlay can also suffer from other glitches, like if the audio or video stutters or is otherwise low quality.

Here’s a short checklist of things to investigate, organized by the various parts of the AirPlay equation: your iPhone, iPad, or Mac, the screen or speaker you want to AirPlay to, and your Wi-Fi router. As always when running down a troubleshooting list, try AirPlay after each step to see if that fixed the problem; if it didn’t, keep going until you solve the issue.

iPhone and iPad troubleshooting

  • Toggle your Wi-Fi. The easiest way to do this is to put your iPhone or iPad in airplane mode for a few seconds, then turn off airplane mode (see our guide to airplane mode for details). This forces the device to reconnect to Wi-Fi, which solves all sorts of connectivity issues.
What to do if Airplay is not working 1
Turning airplane mode on and off again resets the Wi-Fi and can often instantly fix AirPlay glitches.

  • Make sure your device is up to date. Is your device running the latest version of iOS or iPadOS? Update it if necessary by following the steps in our guides to updating your iPhone or iPad.
  • Restart your iPhone or iPad. A software glitch might be preventing AirPlay from working properly, so restarting the device can wipe the slate clean and let it work normally again. See our guides to restarting your iPhone or iPad.

Mac troubleshooting

  • Check for AirPlay compatibility. If you’ve never used AirPlay on your Mac before, make sure it supports AirPlay. To check, click the Apple menu and choose “System Preferences,” then “Displays.” If your Mac works with AirPlay, you should see an AirPlay Display menu and an option to “Show mirroring options in the menu bar when available.”
What to do if Airplay is not working 2
To be sure your Mac is AirPlay-compatible, check the Display tab in System Preferences.

  • Toggle your Wi-Fi. Restart your Wi-Fi connection and make sure that it’s working properly. Test your Wi-Fi by opening a webpage in a browser.
  • Restart your Mac. A restart can clear out any potential temporary glitches from memory.
  • Check for a MacOS update. Make sure you’re running the latest MacOS version.

Apple TV, smart TV, or speaker troubleshooting

  • Power on your device. Make sure the device you want to play to is powered on and awake.
  • Connect to the same Wi-Fi network. Make sure the second device is connected to the same Wi-Fi network as your iPhone, iPad, or Mac. If not, switch networks to sync your devices.
  • Make sure the device is successfully using Wi-Fi. Try to use the device to stream content from the internet. If that’s not working, AirPlay won’t work either, and you might have a more serious issue with your device, or the router might need to be restarted.
  • Update your Apple TV. If you’re using an Apple TV, make sure the device is up to date. Check for software updates and install it if available.
  • Restart the device. A restart can clear its memory and star the connection fresh.
  • Check the device’s audio. If AirPlay is only partially working – you see video but don’t hear audio, for instance – make sure the device’s audio isn’t muted. Also, make sure your iPhone or iPad isn’t set to mute.

Wi-Fi router troubleshooting

  • Restart your router. If the source of your trouble appears to be your Wi-Fi or internet connection, restart the router. Unplug it, wait two minutes, and then plug it back in.
  • You may need to update your router. Check your router to see if it needs a firmware update. Many modern routers are easy to update via a mobile app; if your router is older, you might need to log into its web console (see the router’s user guide for details).

How to use AirPlay on Apple TV to stream content from your iPhone, iPad, or MacHow to use AirPlay on Roku to screen mirror your iPhone, iPad, or MacHow to watch Apple TV on your Mac computer using the Apple TV website or appHow to manually update your Apple TV, or set it to update automatically in the background

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