How to install OptiFine to massively enhance ‘Minecraft’s’ graphics and add new features

  • You can install OptiFine for free by downloading it from the official website, and then launching “Minecraft.”
  • OptiFine can be used with Minecraft Forge, or separately from it.
  • OptiFine lets you optimize “Minecraft” for your computer, as well as change the graphics.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

OptiFine is a versatile program that many “Minecraft” players can’t imagine going without, particularly when playing on a less capable computer. It’s a “Minecraft: Java Edition” optimizer, allowing computers with less memory and less powerful graphics cards to run the game more smoothly.

OptiFine also gives you access to tons of new texture packs and HD shaders to make your game look as good as possible, as well a few useful new gameplay mechanics, including the famous “OptiFine Zoom.”

It’s different from mods in how it’s installed and runs, but is similar in that it changes how the game looks and works.

Here are two ways to install and use OptiFine, depending on whether or not you want to use it with other mods.

How to install and run OptiFine in ‘Minecraft’ without mods

1. In a web browser of your choice, navigate to the OptiFine downloads page. If you aren’t running the most current version of “Minecraft,” click “Show all versions” to find and select your version.

2. Click “Download” next to the version of OptiFine that you want. Click “Skip” in the top-right corner after a brief countdown if you’re taken to an ad break page.

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Download the version of OptiFine that matches your version of “Minecraft.”

3. Click “Download” when you’re redirected to the OptiFine download, and save it anywhere you can find it. You may see a warning about your download from your browser and/or computer, which you can safely disregard.

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If you’re shown an ad page, wait for the “Skip” option to appear, and you’ll be brought to this page.

4. Navigate to the downloaded OptiFine file, which will be an executable .jar file. Double-click the file to open the installer and click “Install.” You should then see a message saying OptiFine has been successfully installed.

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OptiFine has a quick and simple installation interface.

5. Open your Minecraft Launcher, and in the drop-down menu to the left of the “Play” button, make sure that “OptiFine” is selected. Once it is, click “Play.”

6. When “Minecraft” loads, select “Options…” from the main menu, then “Video Settings.” You’ll know that the OptiFine download was successful if you see added options like “Shaders,” “Details,” and “Animations.”

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OptiFine will add a few categories to Video Settings, like “Details…” and “Animations…” within which are a wealth of customizable settings.

How to install and run OptiFine to work with ‘Minecraft’ mods

1. Follow the first three steps to download OptiFine as shown above. If you haven’t already, download Minecraft Forge as well. You can follow our guide here.

2. Open the Minecraft Launcher app.

3. In the drop-down menu near the green play button, select “forge” then click “Play” to launch.

4. You’ll see the “Mods” option in the Minecraft main menu. Click it, then select “Open mods folder.” Java will automatically open the mods folder created by Forge.

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This button is a shortcut to the mods folder.

5. Drag and drop the .jar OptiFine file that you downloaded into this mods folder.

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Put the OptiFine file in the same place as your mods.

6. Close “Minecraft” and relaunch it, again running the Forge installation version. This time on the load screen, you should see the message “Found 2 modfiles to load” pass by, indicating that OptiFine has been incorporated into Forge.

7. You can check that it’s been installed correctly the same way as before: By going into the main menu and selecting “Options…” then “Video Settings.” If there are additional options like “Shaders,” “Details,” and “Animations,” then OptiFine is installed.

How to get started using OptiFine

OptiFine adds a lot of new options and settings to your game, so it can be a bit confusing to jump right in. Here’s some of the basic features, explained.

How to make an End Portal in ‘Minecraft,’ and use it to find the game’s final bossHow to allocate more RAM to ‘Minecraft’ and help your game or server run more smoothlyYes, ‘Minecraft’ is cross-platform – here’s how to play with your friends on any systemHow to install ‘Minecraft’ mods and resource packs to completely reinvent your game

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How to make an End Portal in ‘Minecraft,’ and use it to find the game’s final boss

5   How to make end portal in Minecraft
An End Portal can be found or crafted, depending on the game mode.

  • You can make an End Portal in “Minecraft” by adding twelve Eyes of Ender to a broken portal.
  • In Survival mode, broken End Portals can be found in underground strongholds scattered across the world.
  • If you’re playing in “Minecraft’s” Creative Mode, you can build an entire End Portal in seconds.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

When “Minecraft” first came out, there wasn’t any way to beat the game. You just played as long as you wanted – or until you fell into a ravine and died. But a few years into “Minecraft’s” life, the developers added a final boss: the Ender Dragon. Once you beat this flying titan, the credits roll, and you get an achievement for beating the game.

To reach the Ender Dragon, you’ll need to build a special structure known as an End Portal. The End Portal gives you direct access to “The End,” the dark dimension where the dragon lives.

If you’re playing in Survival or Hardcore mode, you’ll need to find a broken End Portal underground and repair it using Eyes of Ender. In Creative mode, you can just build one using materials from your infinite inventory.

Whatever your style, we’ve got you covered with steps to find an End Portal in Survival mode, or craft one in Creative mode.

How to find and make an End Portal in “Minecraft’s” Survival mode

In “Minecraft’s” default mode, Survival, several broken End Portals are generated underground as soon as you create your world. To use them, you’ll need to find the underground stronghold and repair them with Eyes of Ender.

Fortunately, you don’t have to aimlessly strip mine the map to find a stronghold. Strongholds can be located using those same Eyes of Ender.

Finding the End Portal

To find the stronghold, you’ll need Eyes of Ender, which act as magic compasses of sorts for finding strongholds.

This’ll take some work, though. Here’s the step-by-step.

Making the End Portal

Once you’ve reached the portal room, you’re almost done. For safety, fill in all the lava and destroy the monster spawner. This will prevent any unfortunate accidents.

At the top of the staircase is the broken End Portal. The portal’s entire frame is there, but a number of Eyes of Ender will be missing. Carefully fill in all the missing pegs with Eyes of Ender to activate the structure.

Once you’ve placed all the pearls, you’ll hear a loud booming sound, and darkness will fill the portal. Once you jump in, you’ll be taken to The End, and the final boss, the Ender Dragon.

Make sure you’re ready to face it before you step inside, because once you do, the only way back is by dying or winning.

How to make an End Portal in “Minecraft’s” Creative Mode

The frame pieces of an End Portal can’t be crafted. However, in Creative mode, you can find these frames in your inventory (as well as Eyes of Ender) and place them freely.

This means that you don’t need to hunt for an End Portal – you can just make one from scratch.

1. Open your infinite inventory and grab your materials. You’ll need 12 Eyes of Ender, and 12 End Portal Frames.

2. Now let’s start building. To easily make sure that the frames are placed correctly, dig a 3×3 grid in the ground and stand inside of it.

1   How to make end portal in Minecraft
Dig a 3×3 grid – you don’t need to fill it, but you can.

3. Position yourself within the grid and face outward, and then place End Portal Frames along the edge of the grid. How you place the frames matters – the sides of the frames with extra green need to be facing the inside and outside, not toward the blocks next to them. Standing inside the grid should ensure they’re placed correctly.

3   How to make end portal in Minecraft
The blocks should drop in the correct position if you place them while standing inside the grid, which is where the future portal will spawn.

4. Now get out of the grid and start placing your Eyes of Ender in the frame. As soon as you place the 12th and final Eye, the portal will activate. Jump in, and you’ll be transported to The End.

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The Eyes can be placed from any direction.

How to change your character’s skin in ‘Minecraft’ to give them a different appearanceHow to craft and use a beacon in ‘Minecraft’ to give your character major upgradesHow to use a Name Tag in ‘Minecraft’ to customize your favorite NPCsHow to find diamonds in ‘Minecraft’ quickly and mine them without dying

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How to craft and use a beacon in ‘Minecraft’ to give your character major upgrades

16   how to use a beacon in minecraft
Beacons in “Minecraft” are difficult to make, but are a major status symbol.

  • You can use beacons in “Minecraft” to give your character powerful upgrades and buffs.
  • To craft a beacon in “Minecraft,” you’ll need glass, obsidian, and a rare item called the Nether Star.
  • Once you’ve crafted the beacon, you’ll also need to build a pyramid pedestal to place it on.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

“Minecraft” has been a beacon in the gaming community for more than a decade now. And there’s no better way to prove that you’re a “Minecraft” master than by crafting a beacon of your own in-game.

The beacon is one of the most difficult items to make in all of “Minecraft,” as it requires at least one incredibly rare material. But once you’ve made one, the beacon can upgrade your mining, speed, and health stats. They’re also a literal beam of guiding light if you’re ever lost in your expansive “Minecraft” world.

Here’s everything to know about beacons, including how to find their materials, how to craft them, and then how to use them.

The materials you’ll need to craft a beacon in ‘Minecraft’

Like most items in “Minecraft,” to make a beacon, you’ll need to gather materials from across the world. Luckily, two of these items can probably be found close to home. The last, however, will take some work.

Glass

Starting with the easiest material, you’ll need glass. Just like in real life, you can make glass out of sand. Sand can be found on any ocean beach, or in the desert.

Mine at least five blocks of sand and take them to a furnace. Put them in the furnace with any type of fuel to create glass.

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Once you craft a furnace with basic materials, you’ll be able to turn raw materials like sand into higher-level goods like glass.

Obsidian

Next, you’ll need to mine or acquire at least three blocks of obsidian. And unlike other rare ores like diamonds, you can’t trade with villagers to get it.

The best way to find obsidian is to mine it out of the ground. Before you do this, note that you’ll need a diamond or netherite pickaxe – other tools will just break the obsidian and leave you with nothing.

You can create obsidian yourself by pouring water from a bucket into lava. If you don’t have easy access to lava, dig until you reach layer 11 in the Overworld, or layer 31 in the Nether.

3   How to use a beacon in minecraft
Obsidian is hard to break, but easy to make.

From there, dig horizontally until you find lava, then pour a bucket of water in. If you find lava and water near each other, you can also mine a path for the two liquids to meet. Just be careful: falling in lava is a quick death sentence in Minecraft.

Nether Star

Finally, there’s the Nether Star. The Nether Star is a rare item that can only be obtained by defeating the most difficult boss in “Minecraft:” The Wither.

Unlike other enemies in “Minecraft,” you can’t just find the Wither walking around somewhere. You actually have to make the Wither yourself, using items found in the Nether. The Nether is sort of like “Minecraft’s” version of the underworld – lots of fire, lava, and scary enemies.

So here’s the game plan:

How to craft a beacon in ‘Minecraft’

Once you’ve got the materials, crafting the beacon is easy.

Go to a workbench, and add:

  • Three pieces of glass to the top row.
  • One glass, one Nether Star, and one glass to the middle row.
  • Three obsidian to the bottom row.

This will craft a beacon.

5   How to use a beacon in Minecraft
You can craft a beacon using any crafting bench.

However, a beacon by itself is useless. To shoot a beam of light into the sky, as well as tap into a beacon’s true upgrading power, you’ll need to place it on top of a pyramid.

Crafting the beacon pyramid

A beacon will only activate when placed on a pyramid. To build this pyramid, you’ll need iron, gold, emerald, diamond, or netherite blocks. You can use just one or all of these four resources together when building your pyramid – however, you’ll need a lot of them.

Pyramids can have up to four levels, with each level giving the pyramid more powers and a wider range.

  • A level one pyramid will require a 3×3 base, which takes 9 blocks.
  • A level two pyramid will require a 5×5 base and a 3×3 top, which takes 34 blocks.
  • A level three pyramid will require a 7×7 base, 5×5 second layer, and a 3×3 top, which takes 83 blocks.
  • A level four pyramid will require a 9×9 block base, 7×7 second layer, 5×5 third layer, and a 3×3 top, which takes 164 blocks.

Once you’ve built your pyramid, place the beacon on top, in the very center spot. It’ll activate immediately.

9   How to use a beacon in minecraft
The beacon pyramids can be made out of a single material, or multiple materials.

How to use your ‘Minecraft’ beacon

Once the beacon is activated, you can right-click it to open its menu. In this menu, feed it ingots, diamonds, or emeralds to gain power-ups. The level four pyramid will give you the biggest boosts, but even a small one-level pyramid still gives you access to minor mining and movement speed buffs.

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Higher levels will give stronger boosts.

Just note that these buffs don’t cover the entire world. The level one pyramid’s buffs affect everyone in a 20 block radius, the level two pyramid covers a 30 block radius, and so on. Once you leave the coverage area, your buffs will last for about 10 to 15 seconds before fading away.

If you pick a power-up, but later change your mind and want a different one, don’t sweat it: You can always go back and modify the status boost given by the beacon. Just note that you’ll need to give up another ingot, diamond, or emerald.

To enable all the power-ups at the same time, you’ll need to craft six different beacons, and either place them on six pyramids, or a modified 10×11, 8×9, 6×7, and 4×5 level pyramid.

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Beacons in “Minecraft” are difficult to make, but are a major status symbol.

Choose the location of your beacon pyramid wisely, as deconstructing it will be time consuming.

How to change the beacon’s light color

Your pyramid can be made out of any combination of emerald, diamond, gold, iron, or netherite. This is great for making it stand out in the world.

Even cooler, though, is the ability to customize the color of your beacon’s light. To do this, place a stained glass window on top of the beacon. It’ll tint your light the same color as the glass.

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Stained glass gives beacons a colorful flair.

You can make stained glass by filling a 3×3 crafting grid with glass, but swapping out the middle piece for whatever color dye you like.

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Glass combined with dye will give you stained glass.

How to install Minecraft Forge and gain access to thousands of new ‘Minecraft’ modsHow to use a Name Tag in ‘Minecraft’ to customize your favorite NPCsHow to add friends in ‘Minecraft’ so you can build and explore your digital world togetherHow to change your character’s skin in ‘Minecraft’ to give them a different appearance

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How to install Minecraft Forge and gain access to thousands of new ‘Minecraft’ mods

kid playing minecraft on mac
Installing “Minecraft” mods is easy with Minecraft Forge.

  • You can install Minecraft Forge from the Forge website, where it’s free to download.
  • Minecraft Forge is an add-on for “Minecraft: Java Edition” that lets you install and enable mods.
  • Make sure that you download the version of Minecraft Forge that corresponds with your current “Minecraft” version.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Minecraft” is famous for how many mods it has, and how easy they are to install. These mods can be practical – like creating a new item – or they can add fun thematic elements to your game, such as new game modes.

To install these mods, you’ll need to use a free add-on called Minecraft Forge. This will let you customize “Minecraft: Java Edition” with mods.

Here’s how to install Minecraft Forge, and use it to install mods.

How to add a mod to Minecraft

Forge won’t come with mods built into it, so you’ll need to find them yourself. You can find all sorts of “Minecraft” mods through Google, and websites like minecraftmods.com.

Minecraft Mods
There are thousands of “Minecraft” mods, with new ones being added each day.

Once you’ve found one that’s appealing, save the file to your newly-created Forge mods folder. The address on your PC will be: C:Users[your username]AppDataRoaming.minecraftmods

On a Mac, it’ll be: [your computer’s name] > Macintosh HD > Users > [your username] > Library > Application Support > minecraft > mods

In place of [your username], insert the name of the account you’re using on your computer.

Minecraft Install 9
You can search for “Mods” if you are having trouble locating your Minecraft Mods folder.

Once you’ve done that, you can check that the mod is enabled by clicking the “Mods” tab on the “Minecraft” main menu (see above), then confirming that the mod is listed in the left column beneath the “Minecraft” version you’re running.

Minecraft Install 12
The Zombie Extreme mod gives you “Minecraft,” but with extra powerful zombies.

For more details on installing mods, as well as a guide on how to install resource/texture packs (a different type of mod), check out our article, “How to install ‘Minecraft’ mods and resource packs to completely reinvent your game.”

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How to use a Name Tag in ‘Minecraft’ to customize your favorite NPCs

Minecraft Name Tag 1
You can use Name Tags in “Minecraft” to personalize your world.

  • You can use Name Tags in “Minecraft” to rename nearly any NPC, and prevent them from despawning.
  • Unlike most “Minecraft” items, you can’t craft Name Tags – you’ll have to find them randomly, or trade for them.
  • Giving certain NPCs certain names can trigger unique effects.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

If you’ve spent a lot of time in “Minecraft” visiting and trading with a single village, you might grow attached to the NPCs in the town. Luckily, there’s a great way to both make your NPCs feel special, and help them stand out from other similar characters.

Here’s everything to know about Name Tags, rare “Minecraft” items that can help personalize your game – including where to find them and how to use them.

How Name Tags work in ‘Minecraft’

Name Tags are items that, when placed on an NPC, give them a unique name. The name you give will be displayed above their head whenever you get close and look at them.

RenamedCreeper
A creeper with a Name Tag, renamed to “Steve.”

Naming an NPC also makes it so they’ll never despawn. This means that if you rename a random zombie in a cave, for instance, that zombie will remain there forever, even if you leave and never come back. However, renamed NPCs can still die, at which point you’ll lose the Name Tag.

Every NPC can be renamed except for the Ender Dragon. You can’t rename other players.

Unlike most things in “Minecraft,” you can’t actually craft a Name Tag. You’ll have to find or trade for this one. This can take awhile if you don’t know where to look.

Fortunately, there’s a few reliable locations to loot a Tag, one surefire way to trade for them, and even a method involving fishing – although you’ll need to be lucky.

How to find a Name Tag in ‘Minecraft’

Here’s three different ways you get a Name Tag.

How to use your Name Tag in ‘Minecraft’

Giving the Name Tag a name

Before you can assign a name to a mob creature, you need to write the name you want onto the Name Tag. Luckily, you can do this with a simple anvil.

1. Place your anvil and use it, which will open a menu.

2. Drag your Name Tag into one of the left two slots near the top, and type in its new name in the text box at the top.

3. When you’re ready, drag the completed Name Tag on the right back into your inventory.

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Preparing a Name Tag will take one experience level.

Naming a Name Tag will cost one experience level. If you don’t have enough experience, go out and kill mobs until you level up.

Use the Name Tag on an NPC

You’re now ready to use the Name Tag to rename an NPC.

1. Find the NPC you want to rename. Again, this can be any NPC except for the Ender Dragon.

2. Put the Name Tag into one of your inventory’s nine hotbar slots and hold it.

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Hold the Name Tag and use it on the NPC you want.

3. Use the Name Tag on the NPC. This will default to double-clicking on a mouse, or the left trigger on a controller.

Your Name Tag will disappear, and a name will appear above the NPC’s head.

Although a creature won’t despawn anymore once given a Name Tag, they can still be killed. Once a renamed NPC dies, their name will disappear.

If you’re not sure what you want to name an NPC, check out some of the easter eggs below.

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How to add friends in ‘Minecraft’ so you can build and explore your digital world together

nintendo switch lite
No matter what platform you or your friends are using to play Minecraft, you can invite them to join your world.

  • You can add friends in “Minecraft: Bedrock Edition” through their Microsoft account’s gamer tag.
  • “Bedrock Edition” lets you play with anyone who owns the game, no matter what system they play on.
  • Once you add a friend, you can invite them to share a “Minecraft” world with you.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Minecraft” is a sandbox game tailor-made to play with friends.

When playing with friends, you can collaborate on a big building project, roleplay epic storylines, or simply show off your character’s custom skin.

Luckily, if you’re playing “Minecraft: Bedrock Edition” on your PC, or any version on your phone or gaming console, adding friends is easy. And once you’ve added a friend, you can play with them no matter what system they use.

Here’s how you can add friends across platforms and invite them to explore “Minecraft” together.

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