How to add a table of contents in a Word document to help organize and summarize it

business woman typing on laptop in home office with documents beside her
It’s easy to add a table of contents in Microsoft Word to organize your document.

  • You can add a table of contents in Word to make your document look more professional and well-developed.
  • Word allows you to insert a table of contents in the program or through Word for the web.
  • The table of contents is based on heading types so you have to enter or modify headline text using heading types to produce the table.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

A table of contents adds a degree of formality and professionalism to any document, whether it’s a book report or a client proposal.

By organizing your document by its headings and content, you not only allow the person reading it to get a summary of your major points, you also allow people to jump right to the text they want to read.

You can easily add a table of contents in Microsoft Word from the Word desktop app or web client.

How to add a table of contents in Word on the desktop app

1. Note that the table of contents automatically generates based on headlines. When you write headlines, make sure to click on a headline style: Heading 1, Heading 2, Heading 3, etc. If you already wrote your article, highlight each heading manually in your document and click on the heading types under Styles.

Screenshot of Word desktop app Styles section in toolbar
The table of contents will be generated based on heading font types.

2. Click your cursor where you want to insert the table of contents.

3. In the toolbar at the top of the document, click on the References tab.

4. On the left side of the References toolbar, click on Table of Contents.

5. Click on the automatically generated table of contents type you want.

Screenshot of Word desktop app automatic table of contents styles
On the left, choose a style for your table of contents.

6. The table of contents is now in your document.

How to add a table of contents using the Word for the web

1. Open the document in your OneDrive on Word for the web. If it is not already in there, click on Upload in OneDrive to add your document to your OneDrive.

2. Place your cursor where you want to insert the table of contents.

3. In the toolbar at the top of the document, click the References tab.

4. Click on Table of Contents.

5. In the drop-down, click on Insert Table of Contents. This will function similarly to how it works in Word.

Screenshot of Word on the web "insert table of contents" button
Click on “Insert Table of Contents” and it will generate a table of contents.

6. You can also edit the table of contents by clicking on References and then Table of Contents. This will also allow you to delete the table of contents.

Screenshot of table of contents inserted in Word on the web
Once you’ve added a table of contents, you can edit or delete it by clicking the “Table of Contents” drop-down.

How to remove a table of contents in Word

1. In the Word desktop program, click on the table of contents you want to remove.

2. Click on the Table of Contents submenu in the References tab.

3. Scroll down to and click on Remove Table of Contents.

Screenshot of Word desktop app "remove table of contents" option
Removing a table of contents is easy to do by clicking on the Table of Contents submenu.

How to use the find and replace feature in Microsoft Word on your Mac in 2 different waysHow to double space in Microsoft Word on different versions of the word processorHow to add page numbers to a Microsoft Word document header or footer on a PC or MacHow to use Track Changes in Word to effectively collaborate on a document

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How much top tech companies pay marketers in the US

tim cook peace sign
Apple CEO Tim Cook.

  • Tech companies like Facebook, Google, Amazon, Uber, and Airbnb have become top destinations for marketers.
  • Insider analyzed public data to get a sense of what the industry is paying.
  • Google paid a product marketer up to $315,000, for example, while Facebook paid about $222,000 for a similar role.
  • See more stories on Insider’s business page.

With their perks and high pay, tech companies have become top destinations for marketers. Google paid a product marketing manager as much as $315,000 in 2021, for example, with Facebook paying about $222,000 for a similar role.

When hiring from abroad, companies have to file paperwork with the US Department of Labor’s Office of Foreign Labor Certification, which releases that salary information every quarter.

Using that information, Insider created a snapshot of how the companies compensate their employees.

This information is derived from 2020-2021 base salary information only. Many firms offer bonuses and equity options to compensate employees.

Our full analysis details the base salaries for roles ranging from associates to SVPs and managing directors.

Read more about how top tech companies pay marketing employees.

Read the original article on Business Insider

How to start Windows 10 in Safe Mode and then exit later

woman with headphones using PC desktop computer
There are several ways to enable Safe Mode in Windows 10.

  • Safe Mode is a Windows 10 feature that starts your computer with most of its nonessential features disabled.
  • You should boot in Safe Mode when you’re troubleshooting an issue, or if Windows 10 won’t start normally.
  • To exit Safe Mode, go into the “Boot options” menu, or just restart your computer.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Nearly every version of Windows has a Safe Mode feature. This lets you start your computer with just the basic files and drivers it needs to run – most extra features will be disabled, and programs will run more slowly. By default, you won’t even have internet access.

But Safe Mode isn’t meant to be used every day. You’ll use Safe Mode when your computer isn’t working correctly, or when it won’t start up at all. By only loading the essentials, it’ll help you narrow down what’s causing the problem: The system itself, or something else you installed.

Here’s how to boot in Safe Mode, and exit it when you’re done.

How to boot in Safe Mode in Windows 10

There are many ways to enter Safe Mode, but here are the three easiest.

Using the Power icon

If you’re signed in:

1. Click the Windows icon in the bottom-left corner.

2. Holding down the Shift key, click the Power icon and then Restart.

A Windows 10 desktop with the Start menu opened and the "Restart" option highlighted.
Hold down the Shift button as you click “Restart.”

3. Your computer will restart, and then open onto a blue screen titled Choose an option. Select Troubleshoot, and then Advanced options.

safe 3
Choose “Troubleshoot” on the Choose an option screen.

4. Click Startup Settings, and then Restart. Your computer will turn off and on again.

safe 4
Choose “Startup Settings” and then click Restart to get to the final selection menu for Safe Mode.

5. Once the screen comes back, you’ll be given a few options. Press 4 to start your computer in Safe Mode, or 5 to start Safe Mode with internet access.

A PC screen asking how the user would like to start the computer. Two "Enable Safe Mode" options are highlighted.
Enable Safe Mode with or without internet access.

If you’re not signed in, do the same thing, but click the Power icon on the sign-in page.

Using the Settings app

1. Open the Settings app by pressing the Windows key + I.

2. Click Update & Security, and then Recovery.

3. On this page, underneath Advanced startup, click Restart now.

safe 2
Click “Restart now” to get to Safe Mode.

4. Your computer will restart onto the Choose an option screen. Here, click Troubleshoot, and then Advanced options.

5. Select Startup Settings and then Restart.

6. When your computer boots back up, you’ll be given some startup options. Here, press 4 to start your computer in Safe Mode, or 5 to start Safe Mode with internet access.

Holding down the power button

This is the method to use if you can’t boot into Windows normally.

1. Press your PC’s power button to turn it on.

2. As soon as you see something appear on the screen – probably the manufacturer’s logo – hold down the power button until the PC turns off again.

3. Do this two more times, and then turn on your PC again. As it’s starting, the words Preparing Automatic Repair will appear at the bottom of the screen. Let your PC go through this process – it should eventually boot onto the Choose an option screen.

A black screen with a Windows logo and the words "Preparing Automatic Repair."
Force-restarting your computer three times will put you into automatic repair mode.

4. On this screen, select Troubleshoot, then Advanced options, and then Startup Settings. When prompted, click Restart.

5. When the computer turns back on, press 4 to start your computer in Safe Mode, or 5 to start Safe Mode with internet access.

How to exit Safe Mode

There are two ways to exit Safe Mode.

The first – and easiest – is to just restart your computer. You can do this by holding down the power button, or by going through the Start menu.

If you’ve restarted your computer but it’s still in Safe Mode, you should:

1. Press the Windows key + R to open the Run menu.

2. In the text box, type msconfig and press Enter.

Run should still be a usable tool in Safe Mode.

3. At the top of the System Configuration menu, click Boot.

4. Underneath Boot options, make sure that Safe boot is unchecked. Once it is, click OK and restart your computer again.

The menu you’re looking for should look like this. The button you’re looking to uncheck is in the bottom left.

What is Secure Boot? A guide to your PC’s security check during startup10 ways to take a screenshot on any Windows 10 deviceHow to split your screen on a Windows 10 computer to view multiple program windows at onceHow to install Windows 10 onto a new computer using a USB drive

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How to shop for the best laptop for school 2021

white laptop and black mortarboard graduation cap pattern on blue background

When you buy through our links, Insider may earn an affiliate commission. Learn more.

  • Consider your budget and how you’re planning to use your device when buying a new school laptop.
  • Students should also look for education discounts and consider the resources available on campus.
  • It’s also important to consider whether a MacBook, Chromebook, or Windows PC is best for your needs.

As a college student, your laptop is your lifeline. Whether you’re working on a paper, watching movies in bed, or blasting music before a night out, your laptop is at the center of almost everything you do.

That’s why picking out the right one is so important. There’s a lot to consider when shopping for a laptop, but there are two key questions that will guide most of your decisions: What do you intend to use it for, and how much are you willing to spend?

There are many other factors, but those two questions should be at the center of your search. A student studying history or English, for example, will experience very different workloads than those pursuing a major in graphic design or video production.

Here’s a look at what to consider when buying a laptop for school.

Know what you’re getting for your money

dollar bills money

Budget is the biggest consideration when searching for a new laptop. The best laptops usually cost around $1,000 or more, but you can find worthwhile picks below that price point.

Laptops that cost around $1,000 will typically have the latest processors from Intel in the Core i5 or Core i7 line, which means they should offer fast performance and last for at least the typical four years of study. These laptops also usually have high-quality durable designs, 13-inch screens that have a resolution of at least 1080p, and enough memory and storage to handle most workloads. It’s good to think of $1,000 as a baseline price for a new laptop.

Laptops in the $300 to $600 range will typically come with less powerful processors and usually top out at 8GB of memory (RAM). Laptops closer to the $300 end of the spectrum or lower will probably run on an Intel Celeron or Pentium processor, meanwhile you’re likely to find Intel Core chips closer to the $600 range. Many devices in the price bracket will be Chromebooks, which are best for those who just need a laptop for getting online and using Google’s suite of apps like Gmail, Google Docs, and Google Sheets.

If you’re spending $2,000 or more on a laptop, you can expect to start seeing options for features like dedicated graphics, Intel Core i7 or Core i9 processors, larger screens with sharper resolutions, at least 512GB of solid-state storage, and at least 16GB of RAM. Most students won’t need to spend this much on a laptop unless they’re planning to use it for gaming in their spare time.

Learn about the tech resources available on campus first

Working on computer
Young food blogger entrepreneur writing blog post and working online on laptop from home office.

Even if you are planning to pursue a major that might require heavy-duty computing, most colleges have computer labs on campus and allow students to rent tech equipment. The facilities will vary depending on the campus, and schools known for specializing in certain fields like technology or design may have more advanced computer labs than others. 

Regardless, it’s a good idea to educate yourself about the resources available on-site before investing in your own computer. Make it a priority to see the computer labs during a campus visit, conduct some online research by browsing the college’s website, or even reach out to the admissions office for more information if you have questions. 

This will help you gain a better understanding of whether you’ll be using your personal computer for the majority of your classwork, or if you’ll be able to rely on the school’s resources for more demanding workloads.   

Look for student discounts before you buy.

College student graduation

Many laptop makers offer special deals and discounts for students, so be sure to browse their education programs before buying. 

  • Apple offers year-round education discounts that take $100-$200 off the price of a MacBook laptop depending on the model. As part of its special back-to-school promotion running through September 27, Apple is also throwing in a free pair of standard AirPods. 
  • Acer’s student discounts provide a 10% discount and free shipping for those who qualify. 
  • Dell also slashes 10% off the prices of select electronics for students in addition to offering other sales on laptops for the back-to-school season.
  • Lenovo offers a 5% discount, but that doesn’t apply to products that are on doorbuster or clearance sales. 

Check out our full guide to the best back-to-school discounts for more deals.

Decide whether a Mac, Windows PC, or Chromebook is best for you

Microsoft's Windows 11 software being shown on the screens of various laptops.
Microsoft’s Windows 11 update will better bridge the gap between laptops and tablets, an ambition it’s pursued for almost a decade.

Aside from budget, choosing the right operating system is the most important decision you’ll make when buying a new computer. For most people, this decision comes down to which software they’re most comfortable and familiar with. But each operating system offers certain benefits that are worth considering.


Windows is the most popular laptop operating system and offers the most flexibility. You can find Windows devices at almost any price range, unlike MacBooks which start at $899 for the newest MacBook Air with a student discount. Certain Windows laptops are also available in 2-in-1 designs with touchscreens that allow them to serve as both laptops and tablets. That could make Windows a better choice for those who plan to use their laptop for entertainment, too.


Apple’s macOS is the operating system that powers MacBook laptops. If you own an iPhone, you might feel most comfortable with macOS since Apple’s smartphone and laptop software share many apps and features. For example, iPhones and MacBooks each have apps like iMessage, Safari, Maps, Mail, and Calendar. Plus, you can pick up from wherever you left off in most of Apple’s apps when switching between iPhone and Mac through a feature called Handoff. 

Chrome OS

Chromebooks, on the other hand, run on Google’s Chrome OS. It’s a very simple operating system that’s designed around using web-based apps like Google’s Chrome browser, Google Docs, and Google Sheets. They’re best for those who just want an affordable laptop for getting online and performing basic tasks like notetaking, researching, and web browsing. If you don’t anticipate needing much software for your schoolwork other than Google’s web browser and word processor, a Chromebook might be the right choice for you.

Choose a laptop with the right specifications for your needs

MacBook Air red open

Next, you’ll want to think about factors like how much processor power you need and what size you’re looking for in a laptop. Here’s a rundown of the most important specifications you should consider during the shopping process.

Processor and memory

A laptop’s processor is the biggest factor in determining its performance. Most laptops run on Intel processors, but you’ll occasionally find some powered by AMD chips as well.

In general, it’s best to avoid buying a laptop with a processor that’s more than two generations old. That’s because you want to make sure your laptop remains fast and capable for at least four to five years. Investing in technology that’s several years old could result in you spending more money in the long run since you might have to replace it sooner than expected.

When it comes to memory, you’ll ideally want a machine with at least 8GB of RAM. The RAM often determines how good your computer is at juggling multiple tasks, such as opening dozens of tabs in a web browser, and buying a laptop without enough RAM could result in slower performance under heavy workloads.

In general, a laptop with an Intel Core i5 processor and 8GB of RAM is plenty for most tasks. But an Intel Core i3 laptop will also suffice if your budget is a little tighter and you don’t anticipate that you’ll be using your laptop for much more than browsing the web and watching Netflix. It’s common to see Chromebooks with lower-end specs when it comes to the processor and RAM because they’re only meant for basic tasks like these. 

Display quality

Just like anything else, your laptop’s display quality and size depends on how you intend to use it. If you’re mostly using your laptop for writing papers, taking notes, and conducting research, you probably don’t need a super high-resolution screen. Many laptops come with a screen resolution of at least 1080p, which is all you really need for basic word processing and research. 

If you’re already planning to spend $1,000 or more on a laptop for other reasons, like the processing power, your laptop will probably have an even sharper display with a resolution of 1,920 x 1,200 or 2,560 x 1,200. Touchscreens can also add to the price, so consider whether that’s a priority for you before buying. Some laptops come with the option to upgrade to a 4K display, but it’s usually more money than it’s worth, especially considering it can impact battery life. 


Many laptops come with 13-inch screens, but you can also find larger models with 15-inch or 17-inch screens, and smaller-sized 11-inch laptops. Larger-sized models are more expensive and usually come with more powerful processors, while smaller-sized laptops are tailored for convenience and portability and are generally equipped to only handle the basics. 

Laptops with 13-inch screens fall right in the middle and usually offer the best combination of screen space and portability for most people. 

Consider how you plan to use your laptop before deciding which size is right for you. Is having a device that’s lightweight enough to squeeze in a small bag and carry around campus your main priority, or are you planning to primarily use your laptop at your dorm room desk?


Many laptops come with at least 128GB or 256GB of storage, except for Chromebooks since they rely on cloud storage. This should be enough storage for most people, but students working with large video files and photos might want to upgrade to a laptop with 512GB or more. 

Just remember that storage drives up the price, so it’s important to carefully consider how much you need. If you’re not sure how much storage to get, you can always opt for a laptop with 128GB or 256GB and purchase an external hard drive later if you need it. 

Our guides to the best laptops

Dell XPS 13 2

Still not sure where to start? Check out our laptop buying guides for our favorite picks.

The best laptops for college students

The best laptops overall

The best budget laptops

The best Chromebooks

The best MacBooks 


Read the original article on Business Insider

The man at the center of the world’s largest stablecoin began his career as a plastic surgeon, went by ‘Merlin,’ and once had to pay Microsoft to settle a counterfeiting case

Photo illustration of Bitfinex cryptocurrency exchange website taken September 27, 2017. Picture taken September 27, 2017. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration
Photo illustration of Bitfinex cryptocurrency exchange website

  • A report from the Financial Times reveals new details about Giancarlo Devasini, the CFO of tether.
  • Tether is the main source of liquidity in the crypto market, letting traders move in between tokens and dollars with relative ease.
  • Some of Devasini’s businesses were plagued by scandal. In 1996, he paid $65,000 to Microsoft to settle claims of counterfeiting.
  • Sign up here for our daily newsletter, 10 Things Before the Opening Bell.

A report from the Financial Times is revealing new details about Giancarlo Devasini, the CFO of tether, who has risen from obscurity to become one of the most pivotal people in crypto.

While Devasini is not CEO, the 57-year-old is seen as the central figure at both tether and Bitfinex, the crypto exchange that controls tether, the $62 billion stablecoin.

“At the end, I am the guy that calls the shots in Bitfinex,” he said in a 2016 online chatroom, per the FT.

Tether is the main source of liquidity in the crypto market, letting traders move in between tokens and dollars with relative ease. Likewise, Bitfinex is seen as setting the temperature for the broader market, according to an executive quoted by the FT.

Devasini began his career with a short stint in plastic surgery, a profession he quickly grew to loathe. In a 2014 interview, he said he felt the work was a “scam” and recalled failing to talk a woman out of a breast reduction, lamenting her breasts “fit her perfectly.”

In the mid-1990s, a few years after leaving behind plastic surgery, Devasini founded several computer companies, adopting the monikers “Merlin” and “merlinmagoo” along the way.

But some of his businesses were plagued by scandal. In 1996, he paid $65,000 to Microsoft to settle claims of counterfeiting. In 2007, Toshiba sued him for patent infringement. In 2010, one of Devasini’s companies was banned from Tradeloop, an online electronics marketplace, after a customer complained it had not sent the promised products.

Tether disputed the nature of these disputes. It told the FT the Microsoft case was due to a dodgy supplier, the Toshiba lawsuit “went nowhere,” and the Tradeloop incident was a “minor commercial dispute.”

Read the original article on Business Insider

Clippy the paperclip could soon return to Microsoft Office as an emoji after Twitter and Instagram users voiced their approval

Former Microsoft CEO Bill Gates and former Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos hand a white t-shirt to someone dressed in a cartoon paperclip costume.
Former Microsoft CEO Bill Gates and former Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos at Clippy’s retirement party in 2001.

  • Microsoft’s Clippy, the cartoon paperclip helper, might come back as an emoji, the company said.
  • More than 320,000 users across Twitter and Instagram have said they want to bring Clippy back.
  • Clippy was added to Microsoft Office in 1997 as a virtual assistant.
  • See more stories on Insider’s business page.

Clippy the paperclip could soon return to Microsoft Office.

The cartoon paperclip, which first popped up to offer assistance to Office users in 1997, was retired in the early 2000s but could return as an emoji after receiving support from fans on social media.

Microsoft posted a tweet on Wednesday saying that it would replace the paperclip emoji in Microsoft 365 with Clippy if it got 20,000 likes. So far, more than 127,000 Twitter users have liked the post.

And in a similar call out on Instagram, the company has received just shy of the 200,000 likes it said that it needed to reinstate the character, with 199,301 likes and counting.

Clippy was introduced to Office 97 users to provide tips on how to use the program, and users either loved or hated his frequent interventions. Microsoft retired Clippy when it launched Office XP but still gave “diehard supporters” who missed his “soulful eyes” the option to turn him back on, the company said at the time.

Microsoft did not give any more details about Clippy’s rebirth, and told one Twitter user who asked if it was joking to “wait and find out.” But a trademark filing for the Clippy character by Microsoft in June, first spotted by The Register, suggests that the company might be serious about bringing him back.

Read more: Microsoft is spending $16 billion to beat Google and Amazon to an underrated part of the healthcare industry

Clippy almost made a comeback in 2019 when some Microsoft workers created Clippy animated stickers in Teams, but the effort was quickly squashed by the company’s “brand police,” an unnamed source close to the matter told The Verge.

Microsoft also introduced Windows 365, its new “Cloud PC” product, in another Wednesday tweet. The new software will enable users to stream their Windows desktop onto any device, a solution designed for hybrid home-office working, the company said.

Read the original article on Business Insider

How to update or fix your drivers in Windows 10

dell xps 13 thumb
You should update your drivers regularly.

  • To update drivers in Windows 10, open the Device Manager and right-click the device you need to update.
  • The most important drivers on your computer will likely be updated automatically along with other Windows updates.
  • Drivers are essential software that keep the various devices and components in your computer working properly.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Drivers are software that various devices on your Windows computer, such as the sound and graphics cards, rely on to work properly. Without these drivers, most of your computer would break down.

And like other pieces of software, they occasionally need to be updated. However, it’s not always easy to figure out how to update them.

Many drivers on your computer are updated automatically whenever Windows updates. But if you need to manually install or update a driver, you can do that using the Device Manager.

How to update a driver in Windows 10

1. Right-click the Windows icon in the bottom-left corner of the screen and select Device Manager from the list that appears.

2. Use the menu to locate the device you want to update. To update an audio device, for example, click the > arrow beside Audio inputs and outputs and locate the device in that list.

3. Right-click the device you need to update and in the pop-up, choose Update driver.

How to update drivers in Windows 10 1
You can update drivers using the Windows Device Manager.

4. You’ll be asked whether you want Windows to search the internet and your computer for a new driver to install automatically, or if you have a file on your computer that you specifically want to pick and use. In nearly all cases, you’ll want to select the automatic option.

How to update drivers in Windows 10 11
You’ll almost always want to pick the “Automatic” option.

5. Windows will try to find an updated driver and install it. If it can’t find any, it’ll tell you that your driver is up-to-date.

If Windows tells you that you have a fully updated driver, but you’re sure you don’t, find out who the manufacturer of that specific computer part is – you can usually just Google its name – and look at their website. They might have drivers you can download and install manually. This is common for graphics cards made by Nvidia and AMD.

How to reinstall a driver in Windows 10

If a device is behaving erratically, you might need to remove and reinstall the driver. The process is similar to updating the driver.

1. Open the Device Manager again by right-clicking the Windows icon and selecting Device Manager.

2. Use the menu to locate the device you want to reinstall. To update an audio device, for example, click the > arrow beside Audio inputs and outputs and locate the device in that list.

3. Right-click the device you need to reinstall and in the menu, choose Uninstall device. Don’t worry, your computer will be fine.

How to update drivers in Windows 10 2
To reinstall a driver, first uninstall the existing driver and then restart your computer.

4. Restart your PC. When the computer restarts, Windows will find the device and reinstall the latest driver.

What to do if your drivers aren’t updating automatically

If Windows isn’t automatically updating a driver that you believe it should, Windows updates might be temporarily paused. You can check this and unpause it if needed.

1. In the Start button search box, type Windows update and click Windows Update settings when it appears in the search results.

2. Click Advanced options.

3. In the Pause updates section, check the date under Pause until.

How to update drivers in Windows 10 3
If Windows updates are paused, device drivers won’t install automatically.

4. If you see a date in the future, click the drop-down menu and choose the soonest date (which should be tomorrow) to unpause updates.

How to overclock your CPU and boost your computer’s performance without spending moneyHow to zip and unzip files in Windows 10How to open Command Prompt in Windows 10How to set up dual monitors on your Windows PC or Mac computer

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The 30 most useful Command Prompt commands for editing files and managing your PC

typing on computer with spreadsheets
If you’re going to use the Command Prompt, you need to know its commands.

  • Command Prompt commands let you manage your computer just by typing.
  • Some Command Prompt commands let you move files, while others let you change your internet settings.
  • Here are some of the most useful Command Prompt commands, and what they do.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

The Command Prompt isn’t pretty, but it’s one of the most powerful apps on your PC. With it, you can move or delete files, change your Wi-Fi settings, lock your hard drive, and even shut down the computer.

But to use Command Prompt, you’ll need to know the commands for it. Here are some of the most useful commands, along with explanations of what they’ll do.

The essential Command Prompt commands

We’ll sort these commands into a few different groups, based on what they’re used for.

hands typing on laptop keyboard PC
Basic commands include closing apps and moving files.

Managing your apps

Command What it does
At Lets you schedule apps or other commands to run at a specific date and time
Msiexec Starts Windows Installer, an app that helps you properly install software
Taskkill Ends a program or process that you specify
Tasklist Shows you every app, service, and process currently running on your computer

Editing files

Command What it does
Assoc Lets you change which programs are used to open different types of files
Comp Compares two or more files, or sets of files
Del Deletes a specified file
Makecab Creates a CAB file, which can compress and store data just like a ZIP file
Move Lets you move files from one folder to another
Print Sends a specified text file to a specified printer
Recover Scans a specified disk and retrieves all the readable data on it – great for recovering files from corrupted hard drives
Robocopy Lets you copy files, folders, and more from one location to another
Tree Shows you the folder structure for a specified drive or location

businesswoman using desktop PC computer at office
Some Command Prompt commands let you troubleshoot computer or internet issues.

Managing Windows

Command What it does
Chdir Tells you the name of the directory you’re currently working from, and lets you change it
Chkdsk Scans your hard drive for errors and tries to fix them
Cmdkey Lets you view, create, or delete stored usernames and passwords
Defrag Defragments the hard drive, reorganizing the files to make data retrieval faster and more efficient
Driverquery Gives you a list of all the drivers installed on your computer
Format Formats a specified drive, erasing all the data on it
Ipconfig Shows details about your internet connections, and lets you refresh your IP addresses
Net Lets you view and edit network settings
Reg Lets you manage the Windows Registry by adding keys, exporting data, and more
Sfc Scans, verifies, and replaces important Windows system files
Shutdown Lets you shut down or restart your computer
Ver Shows the current Windows version number
Vol Tells you the volume label and serial number of a specified hard drive


Command What it does
Clip Automatically copies the output of any command to the clipboard
Cls Resets the Command Prompt and clears all the text
Color Lets you change the Command Prompt’s text and background colors
Help Generates a list of example commands, just like this one

How to zip and unzip files in Windows 10Alt + F4: The Windows keyboard shortcut for closing applications, explainedWhat is Secure Boot? A guide to your PC’s security check during startupHow to check the power supply on your PC, a crucial step before upgrading it

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How to zip and unzip files in Windows 10

It only takes a few clicks to zip or unzip files in Windows 10.

Zipping is one of the oldest and most commonly used methods for compressing files. It’s used to save space and share big files quickly.

In the past, you needed third-party programs like WinZip to unzip files in Windows. But Windows 10 lets you zip and unzip any file you want just by right-clicking.

How to zip files in Windows 10

1. Put all the files you want to zip in the same location, like the same folder.

2. Select all the files. An easy way to do this is to drag a selection box around them with the mouse pointer, or hold down Ctrl as you click each one.

3. Right-click one of the selected files.

4. In the drop-down menu, choose Send to and then click Compressed (zipped) folder.

A Windows 10 desktop, with the option to send files to a zipped folder highlighted.
The option to zip files can be found in the “Send to” menu.

5. A new zip file will appear in the same folder. You can identify a zip file visually because the icon has a zipper on it.

How to unzip files in Windows 10

There are two ways to unzip files, depending on whether you want to extract all the ZIP file’s contents, or just a specific file.

Unzipping the entire file with ‘Extract all’

1. Right-click the ZIP file. In the drop-down menu, click “Extract All…” The zip wizard will appear.

A Windows 10 desktop. A ZIP file has been right-clicked, and in the menu that opened, "Extract all" is highlighted.
Select the “Extract All” option.

2. If you want to unzip the files to a different folder, click “Browse…” and choose a location.

3. Click “Extract” and the files will be unzipped and copied to the folder you chose.

The Windows 10 Zip Wizard, with the Browse and Extract options higlighted.
Pick where you want the files to go, and then extract them.

Unzipping specific files with drag-and-drop

1. Double-click the ZIP file you want to unzip. It’ll open a folder, showing you the individual files inside.

2. Select all the files, or just the ones you want to use, and drag them out of the folder to another location on your computer. You can drag them into another folder, for example, or place them on the desktop.

Files being dragged out of a folder onto a desktop in Windows 10.
You can just drag the files you want out of the folder.

The files can now be used normally. You can delete the ZIP file, if there’s nothing left in there that you want.

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The best deals on Xbox consoles, controllers, and games right now – including $20 off ‘Resident Evil Village’

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Xbox Series X and Xbox Series S
Microsoft’s latest Xbox consoles, the Xbox Series X and Xbox Series S.

  • Microsoft‘s newest consoles, the Xbox Series X and Xbox Series S, are still super popular and hard to find in stores.
  • Though consoles are hard to find, you can often find discounts on accessories and games.
  • Below, we’ve compiled the best deals on Xbox consoles, games, accessories, and subscriptions.

Deals on Xbox consoles have been few and far between with Microsoft’s new video game consoles, the Xbox Series X and Xbox Series S, in high demand.

While newly released Xbox games will continue to work on Xbox One consoles for years to come, Microsoft has discontinued its older models in favor of the $500 Series X and $300 Series S.

The good news is that new Xbox games will continue to work on both the new Series S|X and older Xbox Ones, and gamers who already have a collection of Xbox One games can bring their collection to the next-gen consoles. Controllers designed for Xbox One will work with Xbox Series S|X consoles too.

We’ve collected the best deals on Xbox consoles, games, subscriptions, and accessories below. These should come in handy whether you’re an Xbox One owner looking forward to the Series X, looking for games to add to your Series S|X library, or picking up your first video game console.

Here are the best Xbox deals for July 2021:

(Xbox) (medium, Preferred: Gamefly)The Sims 4 (medium, Preferred: Microsoft)Battlefield V Standard Edition (medium)Battlefield 4 (medium)FIFA 21 for Playstation, Xbox (medium, Preferred: Microsoft)Madden NFL 21 Superstar Edition (medium, Preferred: Microsoft)Spongebob Squarepants: Battle for Bikini Bottom (medium, Preferred: Amazon)Halo: The Master Chief Collection (medium)Mortal Kombat 11 Ultimate (medium)Spyro Reignited Trilogy (medium)Control (medium)The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt (medium)

Best Xbox console deals

Microsoft Xbox Series X and Series S
Microsoft Xbox Series S and Xbox Series X.

Due to high demand, stock for all Xbox consoles remains low at many retailers, especially for the $500 Xbox Series X. Xbox One consoles may still be available at some retailers, but we recommend buying a refurbished Xbox One or the $300 Xbox Series S rather than investing extra money in aging hardware.

Xbox consoles are capable media devices too, with robust support for streaming apps, 4K resolution, and a digital storefront for movies and shows. Keep in mind that the Xbox Series S doesn’t have a disc-drive, so if you want Blu-Ray disc playback, you’ll have to opt for the Series X or an Xbox One.

Series X (medium, Preferred: Best Buy)Series S (medium, Preferred: Best Buy)

Best deals on Xbox games

Titanfall 2

There are thousands of games available for Xbox, and they’re all designed to work across the Xbox Series S|X and Xbox One family of devices thanks to a feature called smart delivery.

Digital games are available through the Microsoft Store, which offers sales on a regular basis, as well as from other digital retailers like Amazon or Gamefly. We’ve collected some of the better recent sales, including major titles like The Sims 4, Battlefield 5, and Madden NFL 21. 

Whether you purchase a digital or physical copy of an Xbox One game, you can still use it on an Xbox Series X if you choose to upgrade, though some games purchased for the X|S won’t work on the Xbox One, so check before you buy.

Below, we’ve selected some of the best games on sale right now.

(Xbox) (medium, Preferred: Gamefly)The Sims 4 (medium, Preferred: Microsoft)Battlefield V Standard Edition (medium)Battlefield 4 (medium)FIFA 21 for Playstation, Xbox (medium, Preferred: Microsoft)Madden NFL 21 Superstar Edition (medium, Preferred: Microsoft)Spongebob Squarepants: Battle for Bikini Bottom (medium, Preferred: Amazon)Spyro Reignited Trilogy (medium)
Best Xbox controller deals

xbox one controller

The Xbox controller has become the standard in gaming thanks to its compatibility with Windows, Android, and Apple devices. Newer versions of the Xbox controller support Bluetooth, making it easy to connect to your computer or phone.

The standard Xbox controller uses AA batteries, but Microsoft has released a $25 rechargeable battery pack that allows you to charge the newest Xbox controllers via USB-C. Xbox controllers are universal, so they’ll work whether they’re connected to the Xbox Series S|X or the Xbox One, and you won’t have to buy new ones if you upgrade to a next-gen console.

Microsoft also makes a premium Xbox One gamepad, the $180 Xbox Elite controller. The Elite series offers some notable improvements, like a rechargeable battery with 40 hours of playtime, four rear paddle buttons for extra control, customizable thumbsticks, and a rubber grip.

Xbox Series S|X Wireless Controller (medium, Preferred: Walmart)Xbox Series S|X Wireless Controller (medium, Preferred: Best Buy)Elite 2 Controller (medium, Preferred: Microsoft)Controller (Pre-Owned) (medium, Preferred: GameStop)

Elite 2 Controller (medium)
Best Xbox Live Gold and Xbox Game Pass deals

Game Pass Ultimate

Xbox Live Gold is a subscription service that’s required for online play with nearly all Xbox One games. The subscription also offers free games each month that remain available as long as the Xbox Live Gold subscription is active.

If you’re already an Xbox Live Gold subscriber, buying a discounted membership will add time to the length of your current subscription.

Meanwhile, Xbox Game Pass is a subscription gaming service that lets you download hundreds of games to your Xbox One or Windows PC. The service costs $5 a month on PC or $10 a month on Xbox One. New Game Pass subscribers will only pay $1 for their first month thanks to an ongoing promotion.

Xbox Game Pass Ultimate includes an Xbox Live Gold subscription and will give you access to Game Pass on both PC, Xbox, and Android devices for a regular price of $15 per month.

Game Pass Ultimate 3-Month Membership (Digital) (medium, Preferred: Target)

Read more about how the Insider Reviews team evaluates deals and why you should trust us.

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