Microsoft president Brad Smith reportedly told Bill Gates to stop emailing female employees ‘more than a decade ago’

Bill Gates
Microsoft founder Bill Gates.

  • Microsoft president Brad Smith reportedly told Bill Gates to stop emailing female employees.
  • The Wall Street Journal reported Smith confronted Gates “more than a decade ago.”
  • A Gates spokesperson called the report “false, recycled rumors.”

Two top executives at Microsoft told the company’s billionaire founder Bill Gates to stop emailing female employees “more than a decade ago,” according to The Wall Street Journal, citing unnamed sources.

In 2008, the company became aware Gates sent “inappropriate” messages to a female employee a year earlier, Microsoft spokesman Frank Shaw told The Journal.

Sources said two top Microsoft executives – current president Brad Smith and former HR chief Lisa Brummel – met with Gates and asked him to put an end to his behavior. Gates reportedly admitted the emails were not a good idea and said he would stop.

“These claims are false, recycled rumors from sources who have no direct knowledge, and in some cases have significant conflicts of interest,” a Gates spokesperson told Insider.

After Bill and Melinda French Gates announced their divorce this summer, publications including The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal reported the Microsoft founder engaged in inappropriate behavior with female employees while at the company.

Microsoft told the Journal the company’s board hired a law firm in 2019 to investigate Gates’ possible affair with a female engineer in 2000. Six former and current Microsoft employees told The Times Gates created an uncomfortable workplace by making suggestive comments toward women.

Gates had met with financier and sexual predator Jeffrey Epstein multiple times, according to various news reports.

Gates stepped down from the boards of Microsoft and Berkshire Hathaway in 2020 and gave up his role as CEO of Microsoft back in 2008.

Current top executive Satya Nadella took credit for transforming the company’s culture from a cut-throat environment to a more open space, all while increasing the company’s bottom line.

Microsoft did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Read the original article on Business Insider

How to connect an Xbox controller to your iPhone to play games and more

An Xbox Series X/S wireless controller.
Connecting an Xbox controller to your iPhone is a great way to enhance your games.

  • To connect an Xbox controller to your iPhone and play games with it, you’ll need to have at least iOS 13.
  • You can connect nearly any Xbox controller, whether it’s from the Xbox One or Xbox Series X/S.
  • Make sure that your Xbox controller has Bluetooth and is in pairing mode before trying to connect it.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Thanks to some recent updates, you can now connect nearly every popular video game controller to your iPhone. This includes Xbox One and Xbox Series X/S controllers, which are considered some of the best on the market.

Although not every game supports the use of controllers, several of the more popular games on the App Store allow it, including nearly every game in the Apple Arcade.

Pairing your Xbox One controller to your iPhone is pretty straightforward. Here’s how to do it.

How to connect an Xbox controller to your iPhone

Now, if you have an Xbox controller with Bluetooth:

1. Hold down the Xbox logo button, located at the top-center of the controller, until it starts flashing. If it doesn’t flash and instead just glows solidly, it’s already paired to a nearby Xbox – if this is the case, hold the small button located next to the charging port until the Xbox logo flashes.

2. Grab your iPhone and open the Settings app, then tap Bluetooth.

3. Once you’re in the Bluetooth menu, you should see a device named “Xbox Wireless Controller” or something similar. Tap it, and your iPhone will ask you if you want to pair the device.

Image 2
Make sure the controller isn’t paired with anything else, or otherwise it won’t appear here.

4. Select Pair.

Image 3
Once the device is paired, you can start using it.

5. Later, if you’re done using the controller and want to disconnect it, go to the Bluetooth menu again, tap the small i icon next to the device’s name, and then tap Disconnect.

Image 4
Pairing and unpairing your controller is simple.

How to enable Xbox accessibility features to get closed captions, a magnifier, and moreWhy do my apps keep closing? How to troubleshoot malfunctioning apps on any mobile device5 ways to fix an Xbox One controller that is blinking or flashingHow to set up and use your iPhone or iPad as an Apple TV remote

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How to get a cape in Minecraft, even without mods

The Minecraft character Alex wearing the default Optifine cape.
The most popular way to get a cape in Minecraft is through OptiFine.

  • The only official ways to get a cape in Minecraft are by attending special events or buying skin packs.
  • If you’re playing Minecraft: Java Edition, you can also make any cape by downloading mods like OptiFine.
  • Capes you get through mods will only be visible to you and anyone else running the same mod.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Capes are among the rarest of all items in Minecraft. Depending on which one you have, they can be a sign of how long you’ve played, which events you’ve gone to, or just which mods you use.

It’s not hard to get a cape in Minecraft. But unless you fall into a very specific category of player, it’ll probably involve paying some money.

Here’s how to get a cape in Minecraft, using either the official method or mods.

How to get a cape in Minecraft without mods

In Minecraft, capes are usually given out to users who attend certain events or complete specific tasks.

For example:

  • From 2011 to 2016, attending the real-world MINECON event would earn you a special cape. Mojang brought these capes back for MINECON 2019, but only for Bedrock Edition players.
  • Minecraft mapmakers who’ve had their maps accepted into the Realms Content Creator Program and earned enough points might be awarded a cape.
  • If you bought Minecraft: Java Edition before December 2020, converting your Mojang or legacy account into a Microsoft account gets you the “Migrator” cape.
A selection of capes from Minecraft: Java Edition.
A selection of capes from Minecraft: Java Edition.

Additionally, players who attend the upcoming Minecraft Festival in late 2022 will earn an exclusive cape.

There are a few capes that you can get at any time, but they’re exclusive to Bedrock Edition.

  • The Pan Cape is given to players who download the beta versions of Bedrock Edition.
  • There are nearly two dozen unique capes that Bedrock players can get by buying skin packs, like the Adventure Time Mash-up or Star Wars Classic Pack.
A selection of capes from Minecraft: Bedrock Edition.
You can buy capes in Bedrock Edition.

To equip your capes, head to Minecraft’s character creation page and change your skin. You’ll see all the capes you’ve unlocked there.

How to get a cape in Minecraft with mods like OptiFine

There are lots of Minecraft mods that can get you a cape. But the best of these mods – although it costs a bit of money – is OptiFine.

If you haven’t already heard of it, OptiFine is a massive Minecraft mod that revamps the game’s graphics engine and lets you optimize the game for your computer. It’s possibly the most popular Minecraft mod of all time, and a necessity for anyone looking to install shader packs.

Along with performance changes, OptiFine also gives you the ability to design and wear custom capes. But unlike the mod’s other features, capes are locked at the start.

OptiFine is free to download, but to unlock capes, you have to donate $10 to the OptiFine team. You can donate and choose your cape design from this webpage. You’ll have to provide your Minecraft username and email address.

The OptiFine website's donation page.
You can pick what your cape will look like before you buy.

Once your cape is active, you should see it appear on your character the next time you open the game. If it’s not, make sure that you have OptiFine installed and capes turned on in-game: Open Options, then Skin Customization, and then make sure Cape is set to ON.

The Minecraft character Alex wearing the default Optifine cape.
The default OptiFine cape has the letters OF on it.

You can change the cape’s design at any time (or temporarily deactivate it) by opening Minecraft, selecting Options, Skin Customization, OptiFine Cape, and then Open Cape Editor.

Only the colors can be changed by default, but you can also select the Banner option and then follow the instructions to create a custom cape on this page.

Read the original article on Business Insider

How Zuckerberg, Bezos, Gates and others in the tech elite see themselves and the world

Mark Zuckerberg
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg’s wealth increased substantially in 2020.

  • From Elon Musk to Jeff Bezos, the tech elite is “a class for itself,” according to a PLoS ONE study.
  • One researcher said they deny their role in influencing democracy with their financial capital.
  • The researchers claimed the tech elite’s view of the world was shaped by a meritocratic ideology.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

The tech elite is “a class for itself,” a study published in PLoS ONE journal found.

Researchers Hilke Brockmann, Wiebke Drews, and John Torpey concluded that the tech elite had “a distinct social identity” that made them easily identifiable in “the large pool of Twitter users.”

Looking at the Forbes list of the 100 richest people in tech, the researchers analyzed their use of language and emotions, using machine-learning approaches.

At the top of the list was Amazon’s Jeff Bezos. His net worth skyrocketed in 2020 with an increase of $72.7 billion.

Following closely behind was Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates, and Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg – although the latter’s wealth also increased substantially later in the year, taking him to over $100 billion.

Gaps between the tech elite and the rest of the population

The study examined how the language used by the tech elite differed from the rest of the “American Twitter-using population.”

They found that “disruption is consistently at the core of the communications of the tech elite,” who favor words including “can,” “great,” “people,” and “new.”

Words used by tech elite
The study examined how the tech elite’s language differed from the general population.

Their language was also much more achievement-oriented, using words that fell into an “achievement” category a total of 19,431 times.

This figure was twice as much as the general population’s, which came in at 9,439 times.

They also tended to draw more links between merit and employment compared with the general population.

The team hypothesized that the tech elite “saw its endeavors in ‘entrepreneurial technoscience’ as driven by a desire to ‘make the world a better place.'” They found that the language they used also reflected this goal.

Many of the tech elite have also signed the Giving Pledge, a scheme created by Bill Gates and his wife Melinda.

The scheme was set up to encourage billionaires to give away most of their wealth.

A 2020 report by the Institute for Policy Studies found that very little money may be helping people, as many of the billionaires were earning faster than they were giving.

Giving Pledge mission statements tech elite
Many of the tech elite have also signed the Giving Pledge.

The study also analyzed their subjects’ relationship with democracy and how it related to their wealth. “As representatives of an economic elite, they do not see or do not want to communicate a connection between these components of social potency,” the researchers said.

This constituted an active denial of the relationship between wealth and democracy, a view not shared by the general population.

“The tech elite does not take a critical view of the role they play relative to their abundance of power,” said Brockmann in a press release. “They deny their role in setting technical standards and influencing democracy with their financial capital.”

The researchers claimed that the tech elite’s view of the world was shaped by a meritocratic ideology. They believe their wealth is earned through effort, and so they don’t question their financial position.

Highlighting the elite’s “disproportionate influence” over how consumers spent their money, the team outlined the need for future policy research investigating how to “shape social outcomes” in a manner fitting of a democracy.

Read the original article on Business Insider

Big Tech salaries revealed: How much engineers, developers, and product managers make at companies including Amazon, Facebook, Google, Apple, Microsoft, Intel, Uber, IBM, and Salesforce

Two people sitting in an office in front of four monitors and talking to each other while holding clipboards.
Business Insider analyzed salary data for workers at top tech companies.

  • Business Insider analyzed salary data for thousands of workers to reveal how much large tech companies pay.
  • We crunched the numbers for companies including Airbnb, Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, Salesforce, Snap, and Uber.
  • The data, which US companies report in visa applications for foreign workers, sheds light on how engineers, designers, and others are compensated in the competitive industry.

Big US technology companies have powered their way through the pandemic, posting impressive growth, minting money, and hiring rapidly.

In early July, the tech-industry association CompTIA reported that the sector experienced job growth in 10 out of the previous 12 months – a standout performance given the lockdowns last year. Tech firms added more than 80,000 workers in the US through the first half of 2021, it added.

Google’s parent company, Alphabet, hired more than 4,000 employees in the second quarter alone. Overall, more than 300,000 open tech jobs were posted in June, with software and app developers, IT-support specialists and project managers, systems engineers and architects, and systems analysts in highest demand. Jobs in emerging tech, such as AI, accounted for more than a quarter of open positions.

Companies are required to disclose information including salary (or, in some cases, salary ranges) when they hire foreign workers under the H1-B visa program, giving insight into what these tech giants are willing to shell out for talent.

So, to get a sense of what salaries in the industry are like these days, Business Insider analyzed the US Office of Foreign Labor Certification’s disclosure data for permanent and temporary foreign workers to find out what companies pay employees in key roles, including engineers, designers, and salespeople.

When you’re done checking out this industry data, take a look at Insider’s searchable database of over 250,000 salaries from more than 250 companies so you can know how much you should be paid.

Google’s software engineers can make more than $300,000.

Alphabet & Google CEO Sundar Pichai
Google CEO Sundar Pichai.

Google is often touted as one of the best places to work, with compensation to match.

A software engineer was offered $353,000, a vice president of engineering can get $475,000, and a senior vice president recently took in an annual salary of $650,000.

Here’s a look at many other positions and how much they pay across Google.

The company’s Cloud business has been aggressively building out its workforce as it tries to catch its larger cloud rivals Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure.

Here’s a peek at the salaries Google Cloud pays US-based engineers, managers, and more.

Amazon cloud-solutions architects are paid $90,800 to $185,000, depending on location and skills.

Adam Selipsky AWS CEO
Adam Selipsky, the Amazon Web Services boss.

Amazon’s cloud unit, now run by Adam Selipsky, has continued hiring for technical and business talent to support its dominant cloud-computing business.

Insider reviewed more than 200 H-1B visas that Amazon’s cloud unit applied for from January to June to reveal how much it paid software developers, data scientists, marketers, salespeople, business analysts, and more. The highest-paid employees, according to that data, can make as much as $185,000 in base salary.

Check out the details here.

Senior marketing jobs at Apple can pay up to $325,000.

tim cook peace sign
Apple CEO Tim Cook.

Apple’s advertising is legendary, and its broader marketing efforts are integral to the company’s success. The iPhone maker regularly gets attention for its cinematic campaigns.

The company sponsors visas for a range of well-paid marketing jobs. One marketing manager makes $240,000, while a marketing senior director earns $325,000.

Here are the salaries of other advertising- and marketing-focused roles at Apple and other tech giants including Airbnb and Facebook.

A Facebook engineering director can make roughly $360,000

Sheryl Sandberg
Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg

Facebook employees consistently make well into the six figures. An in-house ad-agency director hired in the past year earns a salary of just over $330,000. An engineering director makes roughly $360,000.

Pay depends on the job, of course, but increasingly on where the worker is based, too. A data analyst in California, for example, makes $130,000 to $150,000 a year. One data analyst in Texas makes $128,000, and another $111,000. A software engineer in New York makes $160,000. One in Rhode Island and another in Texas make $118,000 a year.

Here are all the latest data on Facebook salaries.

Microsoft’s highest-paying jobs include software engineers, sales managers, and researchers.

Microsoft employees
Employees at Microsoft.

We analyzed Microsoft’s more than 1,400 active foreign-worker visas in 2020 to find the titles with the highest salaries and provided a salary range for each role.

We focused this list on roles that pay $175,000 or more at the high end of the range and categorized them based on information we found in job postings. The highest salary we found, for a channel sales manager, was $250,000.

In internal Microsoft surveys obtained by Business Insider, 55% of staff said in 2020 that their combined salary, bonus, and equity was competitive with similar jobs at other companies, down from 65% in 2017.

Here’s the full list of jobs and salaries, covering positions such as cloud-solutions architect, legal counsel, silicon engineer, and software engineering lead.

Uber competes with the biggest Silicon Valley companies, and its salaries show that.

Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi
Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi.

Though Uber has gone through rounds of job cuts in recent years, its compensation for many full-time positions is competitive with the biggest Silicon Valley tech firms.

Senior engineers can earn salaries of well over $200,000, while data scientists can pull in almost $150,000 and senior product managers can make about $190,000 or more, excluding any equity or bonus.

Check out the full list of Uber positions and salaries here.

Intel engineering managers can make more than $300,000.

pat gelsinger vmware
Intel CEO Pat Gelsinger.

Intel is battling slowing revenue growth, shrinking margins, and rising competition from Taiwan Semiconductor, AMD, Nvidia, and others.

There’s also a semiconductor shortage to contend with, while marquee customers like Apple are designing their own chips.

For all of this, Intel relies on scientists, researchers, managers, marketers, and different types of software and hardware engineers.

Here’s a peek at the salaries Intel pays some of these employees, based on roles from almost 1,000 approved visa applications that the company filed with authorities.

IBM employees can make as much as $335,000 in base salary.

IBM CEO Arvind Krishna
IBM CEO Arvind Krishna.

Under CEO Arvind Krishna, IBM is trying to reinvent itself for the cloud-computing era, dominated so far by Amazon, Microsoft, Alibaba, and Google.

IBM’s 2019 purchase of the open-source-software firm Red Hat for $34 billion was a defining moment when the company bet big on hybrid cloud and artificial intelligence. Part of IBM’s reinvention includes growing its 350,000-strong employee base to add engineering talent in cloud, hybrid cloud, and AI, as well as in fields like strategy, consulting, and business analysis.

Business Insider analyzed the 241 H-1B visas IBM applied for since January to find out what it pays engineers, business analysts and consultants, digital strategists, and more. The highest-paid IBM employees can make as much as $335,000 in base salary, according to that data.

Check out all the jobs and salaries here.

A senior manager of software engineering at Salesforce is paid more than $215,000.

Salesforce tower
Employees outside the Salesforce Tower.

Salesforce is embracing a hybrid mindset, giving employees the option to work remotely part time, and it expects to increase its number of permanently remote workers, too.

That flexibility is opening up talent pools for the company. Last September, the company said it was planning to add over 12,000 jobs over the next year. And Chief People Officer Brent Hyder told the San Francisco Chronicle in April that Salesforce’s hiring spree this year would exceed 15,000 employees.

Insider analyzed the 206 H-1B visas Salesforce applied for from January to March to find out how much it paid workers in areas like engineering, data analytics, and product management. Software engineers can make more than $200,000 in salary, the data showed.

Here’s the full list of positions and pay.

Snap offers base salaries ranging from $59,000 to $500,000.

Evan Spiegel Snap CEO
Snap CEO Evan Spiegel.

Snap, the company behind Snapchat, has had a growth spurt. And it’s been staffing up to support ambitions in areas like augmented reality, short-form video, and original shows. The company now has about 4,000 employees in 15 countries.

Snap said in May that it was committed to paying all employees a livable wage that “contributes to healthy work-life integration and to the local economy in which we work.” It offers a minimum of $15,000 in equity grants to new hires and said its baseline annual pay rate for employees at its headquarters in Santa Monica is $70,000.

In late 2020 and 2021, Snap offered annual base salaries ranging from $59,000 to $500,000 for various roles, according to data from H-1B visa applications analyzed by Business Insider.

Check out all the Snap jobs and pay here.

Waymo pays $122,000 to $300,000, depending on the type of job and location.

Waymo co-CEOs Tekedra Mawakana, and UiPath CEO Daniel Dines.
Waymo co-CEO Tekedra Mawakana and UiPath CEO Daniel Dines.

Few industries are blowing up like artificial intelligence and big data. PitchBook estimated that spending on AI software and hardware would reach $138 billion this year and grow at a rate of 23% in the next three years.

All that investment fuels an equally explosive jobs market. The job-search site ZipRecruiter showed more than 60,000 AI-engineer jobs listed. Those roles pay very well, with annual compensation as high as $304,500.

Business Insider analyzed US visa-application data from the first quarter of 2021 for permanent and temporary foreign workers to find out what 10 top AI companies pay engineers, researchers, and other professionals in the field of big data and machine learning.

Waymo relies heavily on AI to train the software that controls its autonomous vehicles. The Alphabet unit pays $122,000 to $300,000, depending on the type of job and location, according to the data.

Here’s the full salary data for Waymo, Snowflake, UiPath, Databricks, DataRobot, Samsara, ByteDance, Cruise, Dataminr, and OpenAI.

Read the original article on Business Insider

The 30 companies where computer science students in the US most want to land a job

Google headquarters office employee
  • Google is an ideal employer for US computer science students.
  • That’s according to Universum’s annual ranking that was just released.
  • The following are the employers with the highest share of computer science students listing them as an attractive employer.
  • See more stories on Insider’s business page.
30. J.P. Morgan: 3.81% of computer science students ranked the banking company among their top five ideal employers.

JP Morgan
The JPMorgan Chase & Co. World headquarters are pictured on April 17, 2019 in New York City.

Rank in 2020: 26

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 4

29. Ubisoft: 3.99% of computer science students ranked the video game company among their top five ideal employers.

Yves Guillemot, Ubisoft CEO.
Yves Guillemot, Ubisoft CEO.

Rank in 2020: 32

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 3

28. Electronic Arts: 4.52% of computer science students ranked the video game company among their top five ideal employers.

Electronic Arts

Rank in 2020: 27

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 1

27. Lockheed Martin: 4.56% of computer science students ranked the aerospace and defense company among their top five ideal employers.

lockheed martin

Rank in 2020: 33

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 6

26. Nike: 4.57% of computer science students ranked the footwear and apparel maker among their top five ideal employers.

Nike China

Rank in 2020: 24

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 2

25. Department of Defense: 4.73% of computer science students ranked the government agency among their top five ideal employers.

department of defense

Rank in 2020: 22

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 3

24. AMD: 4.89% of computer science students ranked the semiconductor company among their top five ideal employers.

Lisa Su, president and CEO of AMD, holds up a 3rd generation Ryzen desktop processor during a keynote address
Lisa Su, president and CEO of AMD, holds up a 3rd generation Ryzen desktop processor during a keynote address at the 2019 CES in Las Vegas, Nevada, on January 9, 2019.

Rank in 2020: 49

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 25

23. Activision Blizzard: 5.14% of computer science students ranked the video game publisher among their top five ideal employers.

Activision booth
Activision booth during the Electronic Entertainment Expo at Los Angeles Convention Center on June 11, 2014 in Los Angeles, California.

Rank in 2020: 29

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 6

22. Twitter: 5.18% of computer science students ranked the social network company among their top five ideal employers.

Twitter HQ in San Francisco
Twitter’s San Francisco headquarters.

Rank in 2020: 25

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 3

21. Sony: 5.26% of computer science students ranked the entertainment company among their top five ideal employers.

Sony PS5 gaming consoles

Rank in 2020: 18

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 3

20. Samsung: 5.34% of computer science students ranked the electronics producer and tech company among their top five ideal employers.

Samsung phone

Rank in 2020: 20

Change in rank, 2020-2021: No change

19. National Security Agency: 6.38% of computer science students ranked the intelligence agency among their top five ideal employers.

national security agency campus

Rank in 2020: 17

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 2

18. Intel: 6.47% of computer science students ranked the tech company among their top five ideal employers.

Intel office

Rank in 2020: 15

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 3

17. Federal Bureau of Investigation: 6.56% of computer science students ranked the federal law enforcement agency among their top five ideal employers.

The J. Edgar Hoover Building of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
The J. Edgar Hoover Building of the Federal Bureau of Investigation

Rank in 2020: 14

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 3

16. The Walt Disney Company: 6.82% of computer science students ranked the media and entertainment company among their top five ideal employers.

Street view of Magic Kingdom and Cinderella Castle at Disney World.
A view of Main Street, USA, and Cinderella Castle at Disney World in August 2020.

Rank in 2020: 11

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 5

15. Riot Games: 7.02% of computer science students ranked the video game company among their top five ideal employers.

Nicolo Laurent
Riot Games CEO Nicolo Laurent

Rank in 2020: 19

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 4

14. Nvidia: 7.03% of computer science students ranked the chipmaker among their top five ideal employers.

Jensen Huang - Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang speaks during a press conference at The MGM during CES 2018 in Las Vegas on January 7, 2018.
Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang

Rank in 2020: 21

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 7

13. IBM: 7.50% of computer science students ranked the cloud-computing and tech company among their top five ideal employers.

A man stands near an IBM logo

Rank in 2020: 13

Change in rank, 2020-2021: No change

12. Central Intelligence Agency: 7.81% of computer science students ranked the foreign intelligence agency among their top five ideal employers.

Central Intelligence Agency
The lobby of the CIA Headquarters Building in McLean, Virginia, August 14, 2008.

Rank in 2020: 12

Change in rank, 2020-2021: No change

11. NASA: 7.98% of computer science students ranked the US’ space agency among their top five ideal employers.

nasa logo
NASA logo seen displayed on a smartphone.

Rank in 2020: 16

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 5

10. Netflix: 8.92% of computer science students ranked the video streaming service among their top five ideal employers.

Netflix logo

Rank in 2020: 8

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 2

9. Spotify: 11.25% of computer science students ranked the music streaming company among their top five ideal employers.

daniel ek spotify

Rank in 2020: 10

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 1

8. Facebook: 11.62% of computer science students ranked the social network among their top five ideal employers.

mark zuckerberg facebook employees
Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg greets Facebook employees before speaking at a news conference at Facebook headquarters on on October 6, 2010.

Rank in 2020: 6

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 2

7. Nintendo: 11.65% of computer science students ranked the large video game company among their top five ideal employers.

Nintendo 2DS

Rank in 2020: 9

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 2

6. SpaceX: 14.41% of computer science students ranked the aerospace and spaceflight company among their top five ideal employers.

SpaceX launch in Texas
SpaceX launches its first super heavy-lift Starship SN8 rocket during a test from their facility in Boca Chica, Texas, on December 9, 2020.

Rank in 2020: 7

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 1

5. Amazon: 22.13% of computer science students ranked the tech giant among their top five ideal employers.

amazon package

Rank in 2020: 4

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Down 1

4. Tesla: 22.36% of computer science students ranked the ​​electric automobile maker among their top five ideal employers.

Tesla Cybertruck and Cyberquad.
Tesla Cybertruck and Cyberquad.

Rank in 2020: 5

Change in rank, 2020-2021: Up 1

3. Microsoft: 28.19% of computer science students ranked the tech giant among their top five ideal employers.

Satya Nadella stand on stage wearing a purple and white checkered shirt.
Satya Nadella is the CEO of Microsoft.

Rank in 2020: 3

Change in rank, 2020-2021: No change

2. Apple: 28.50% of computer science students ranked the consumer electronics company and tech giant among their top five ideal employers.

An Apple store employee's dark silhouette next to a white glowing Apple logo
An Apple store employee in New York.

Rank in 2020: 2

Change in rank, 2020-2021: No change

1. Google: 40.21% of computer science students ranked the tech giant among their top five ideal employers.

Google headquarters

Rank in 2020: 1

Change in rank, 2020-2021: No change

More about Universum’s ranking

Over 50,000 students in the US from different universities with different areas of study were asked about their employer preferences. The survey for 2021 was conducted between October 2020 and March 2021, and students were asked to name the five employers they’re most interested in working for in addition to what attributes of a company are attractive to them.

The full results and results from previous years are available on Universum’s website here

Read the original article on Business Insider

Big tech firms pledge more than $31 billion and 250,000 jobs to strengthen cybersecurity

cybersecurity and smartphones 2x1
CEO’s from the biggest tech companies in the US met with President Biden on Wednesday to discuss cybersecurity.

  • The biggest tech companies in the US met at the White House Wednesday to discuss cybersecurity.
  • Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, Google, and IBM all made pledges to strengthen the nation’s cybersecurity.
  • The firms pledged more than $31 billion total, including 250,000 new jobs and various trainings.
  • See more stories on Insider’s business page.

CEO’s from the biggest tech companies in the US met with President Biden on Wednesday to discuss “opportunities to bolster the nation’s cybersecurity in partnership and individually,” the White House said in a press release.

Following a spate of cyberattacks against various US companies, including the Colonial Pipeline, and JBS meats, Microsoft, Google, Amazon, IBM, and Apple all made pledges during the meeting to strengthen cybersecurity across the sector.

The White House says that Microsoft will “immediately” make $150 million in technical services available to help all levels of the US government upgrade its security protections. The company will also invest $20 billion over the next five years to “accelerate efforts to integrate cyber security by design and deliver advanced security solutions,” according to a press release.

Microsoft is also partnering with community colleges and nonprofit organizations to provide cybersecurity training.

Google announced that it will help 100,000 Americans earn industry-level digital skills certificates that could lead to high-paying jobs in the tech industry. The company will also invest $10 billion over the next five years to help secure the software supply chain, expand zero-trust programs, and strengthen open-source security.

IBM will train 150,000 people in cybersecurity over the next three years while partnering with more than twenty historically Black colleges and universities to “establish Cybersecurity Leadership Centers to grow a more diverse cyber workforce.”

The White House says that Apple is creating a new program to improve security throughout the technology supply chain. In partnership with more than 9,000 US suppliers, Apple will adopt multi-factor authentication, security training, vulnerability remediation, event logging, and incident response.

Amazon said that it would release security awareness training to the public free of charge. The company will also provide a multi-factor authentication device to Amazon Web Services account holders, free of charge to protect against phishing threats and password theft.

“The reality is most of our critical infrastructure is owned and operated by the private sector, and the federal government can’t meet this challenge alone,” President Biden said before the meeting, according to the Washington Post. “You have the power, capacity, and responsibility, I believe, to raise the bar on cybersecurity. Ultimately we’ve got a lot of work to do.”

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Big Tech salaries revealed: How much engineers, developers, and product managers make at companies including Amazon, Google, Apple, Microsoft, Intel, Uber, IBM, and Salesforce

Two people sitting in an office in front of four monitors and talking to each other while holding clipboards.
Business Insider analyzed salary data for workers at top tech companies.

  • Business Insider analyzed salary data for thousands of workers to reveal how much large tech companies pay.
  • We crunched the numbers for companies including Airbnb, Amazon, Apple, Google, Microsoft, Salesforce, Snap, and Uber.
  • The data, which US companies report in visa applications for foreign workers, sheds light on how engineers, designers, and others are compensated in the competitive industry.

Big US technology companies have powered their way through the pandemic, posting impressive growth, minting money, and hiring rapidly.

In early July, the tech-industry association CompTIA reported that the sector experienced job growth in 10 out of the previous 12 months – a standout performance given the lockdowns last year. Tech firms added more than 80,000 workers in the US through the first half of 2021, it added.

Google’s parent company, Alphabet, hired more than 4,000 employees in the second quarter alone. Overall, more than 300,000 open tech jobs were posted in June, with software and app developers, IT-support specialists and project managers, systems engineers and architects, and systems analysts in highest demand. Jobs in emerging tech, such as AI, accounted for more than a quarter of open positions.

Companies are required to disclose information including salary (or, in some cases, salary ranges) when they hire foreign workers under the H1-B visa program, giving insight into what these tech giants are willing to shell out for talent.

So, to get a sense of what salaries in the industry are like these days, Business Insider analyzed the US Office of Foreign Labor Certification’s disclosure data for permanent and temporary foreign workers to find out what companies pay employees in key roles, including engineers, designers, and salespeople.

When you’re done checking out this industry data, take a look at Insider’s searchable database of over 250,000 salaries from more than 250 companies so you can know how much you should be paid.

Google’s software engineers can make more than $300,000.

Alphabet & Google CEO Sundar Pichai
Google CEO Sundar Pichai.

Google is often touted as one of the best places to work, with compensation to match.

A software engineer was offered $353,000, a vice president of engineering can get $475,000, and a senior vice president recently took in an annual salary of $650,000.

Here’s a look at many other positions and how much they pay across Google.

The company’s Cloud business has been aggressively building out its workforce as it tries to catch its larger cloud rivals Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure.

Here’s a peek at the salaries Google Cloud pays US-based engineers, managers, and more.

Amazon cloud-solutions architects are paid $90,800 to $185,000, depending on location and skills.

Adam Selipsky AWS CEO
Adam Selipsky, the Amazon Web Services boss.

Amazon’s cloud unit, now run by Adam Selipsky, has continued hiring for technical and business talent to support its dominant cloud-computing business.

Insider reviewed more than 200 H-1B visas that Amazon’s cloud unit applied for from January to June to reveal how much it paid software developers, data scientists, marketers, salespeople, business analysts, and more. The highest-paid employees, according to that data, can make as much as $185,000 in base salary.

Check out the details here.

Senior marketing jobs at Apple can pay up to $325,000.

tim cook peace sign
Apple CEO Tim Cook.

Apple’s advertising is legendary, and its broader marketing efforts are integral to the company’s success. The iPhone maker regularly gets attention for its cinematic campaigns.

The company sponsors visas for a range of well-paid marketing jobs. One marketing manager makes $240,000, while a marketing senior director earns $325,000.

Here are the salaries of other advertising- and marketing-focused roles at Apple and other tech giants including Airbnb and Facebook.

Microsoft’s highest-paying jobs include software engineers, sales managers, and researchers.

Microsoft employees
Employees at Microsoft.

We analyzed Microsoft’s more than 1,400 active foreign-worker visas in 2020 to find the titles with the highest salaries and provided a salary range for each role.

We focused this list on roles that pay $175,000 or more at the high end of the range and categorized them based on information we found in job postings. The highest salary we found, for a channel sales manager, was $250,000.

In internal Microsoft surveys obtained by Business Insider, 55% of staff said in 2020 that their combined salary, bonus, and equity was competitive with similar jobs at other companies, down from 65% in 2017.

Here’s the full list of jobs and salaries, covering positions such as cloud-solutions architect, legal counsel, silicon engineer, and software engineering lead.

Uber competes with the biggest Silicon Valley companies, and its salaries show that.

Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi
Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi.

Though Uber has gone through rounds of job cuts in recent years, its compensation for many full-time positions is competitive with the biggest Silicon Valley tech firms.

Senior engineers can earn salaries of well over $200,000, while data scientists can pull in almost $150,000 and senior product managers can make about $190,000 or more, excluding any equity or bonus.

Check out the full list of Uber positions and salaries here.

Intel engineering managers can make more than $300,000.

pat gelsinger vmware
Intel CEO Pat Gelsinger.

Intel is battling slowing revenue growth, shrinking margins, and rising competition from Taiwan Semiconductor, AMD, Nvidia, and others.

There’s also a semiconductor shortage to contend with, while marquee customers like Apple are designing their own chips.

For all of this, Intel relies on scientists, researchers, managers, marketers, and different types of software and hardware engineers.

Here’s a peek at the salaries Intel pays some of these employees, based on roles from almost 1,000 approved visa applications that the company filed with authorities.

IBM employees can make as much as $335,000 in base salary.

IBM CEO Arvind Krishna
IBM CEO Arvind Krishna.

Under CEO Arvind Krishna, IBM is trying to reinvent itself for the cloud-computing era, dominated so far by Amazon, Microsoft, Alibaba, and Google.

IBM’s 2019 purchase of the open-source-software firm Red Hat for $34 billion was a defining moment when the company bet big on hybrid cloud and artificial intelligence. Part of IBM’s reinvention includes growing its 350,000-strong employee base to add engineering talent in cloud, hybrid cloud, and AI, as well as in fields like strategy, consulting, and business analysis.

Business Insider analyzed the 241 H-1B visas IBM applied for since January to find out what it pays engineers, business analysts and consultants, digital strategists, and more. The highest-paid IBM employees can make as much as $335,000 in base salary, according to that data.

Check out all the jobs and salaries here.

A senior manager of software engineering at Salesforce is paid more than $215,000.

Salesforce tower
Employees outside the Salesforce Tower.

Salesforce is embracing a hybrid mindset, giving employees the option to work remotely part time, and it expects to increase its number of permanently remote workers, too.

That flexibility is opening up talent pools for the company. Last September, the company said it was planning to add over 12,000 jobs over the next year. And Chief People Officer Brent Hyder told the San Francisco Chronicle in April that Salesforce’s hiring spree this year would exceed 15,000 employees.

Insider analyzed the 206 H-1B visas Salesforce applied for from January to March to find out how much it paid workers in areas like engineering, data analytics, and product management. Software engineers can make more than $200,000 in salary, the data showed.

Here’s the full list of positions and pay.

Snap offers base salaries ranging from $59,000 to $500,000.

Evan Spiegel Snap CEO
Snap CEO Evan Spiegel.

Snap, the company behind Snapchat, has had a growth spurt. And it’s been staffing up to support ambitions in areas like augmented reality, short-form video, and original shows. The company now has about 4,000 employees in 15 countries.

Snap said in May that it was committed to paying all employees a livable wage that “contributes to healthy work-life integration and to the local economy in which we work.” It offers a minimum of $15,000 in equity grants to new hires and said its baseline annual pay rate for employees at its headquarters in Santa Monica is $70,000.

In late 2020 and 2021, Snap offered annual base salaries ranging from $59,000 to $500,000 for various roles, according to data from H-1B visa applications analyzed by Business Insider.

Check out all the Snap jobs and pay here.

Waymo pays $122,000 to $300,000, depending on the type of job and location.

Waymo co-CEOs Tekedra Mawakana, and UiPath CEO Daniel Dines.
Waymo co-CEO Tekedra Mawakana and UiPath CEO Daniel Dines.

Few industries are blowing up like artificial intelligence and big data. PitchBook estimated that spending on AI software and hardware would reach $138 billion this year and grow at a rate of 23% in the next three years.

All that investment fuels an equally explosive jobs market. The job-search site ZipRecruiter showed more than 60,000 AI-engineer jobs listed. Those roles pay very well, with annual compensation as high as $304,500.

Business Insider analyzed US visa-application data from the first quarter of 2021 for permanent and temporary foreign workers to find out what 10 top AI companies pay engineers, researchers, and other professionals in the field of big data and machine learning.

Waymo relies heavily on AI to train the software that controls its autonomous vehicles. The Alphabet unit pays $122,000 to $300,000, depending on the type of job and location, according to the data.

Here’s the full salary data for Waymo, Snowflake, UiPath, Databricks, DataRobot, Samsara, ByteDance, Cruise, Dataminr, and OpenAI.

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The world’s largest sovereign wealth fund generated returns of $111 billion in the first half of 2021 as the stock market hit record highs

Nicolai Tangen, CEO of the Norges Bank Investment Management, in London, Britain, March 26, 2020.
Nicolai Tangen, CEO of the Norges Bank Investment Management.

  • The largest sovereign wealth fund in the world generated a 9.4% return – translating to $111 billion – in the first half of the year.
  • The Oslo-based $1.4 trillion sovereign wealth fund saw a 13.7% return on equities.
  • Among the fund’s largest holdings are mega-cap tech firms like Apple, Microsoft, Alphabet, Amazon, and Facebook.
  • Sign up here for our daily newsletter, 10 Things Before the Opening Bell.

The largest sovereign wealth fund in the world generated a 9.4% return – translating to $111 billion – in the first half of the year thanks to a soaring stock market driven by technology, finance, and energy shares.

Norway’s Norges Bank Investment Management from January to June 2021 surpassed the fund’s benchmark index by 28 basis points, the bank announced on Wednesday.

The Oslo-based $1.4 trillion sovereign wealth fund saw a 13.7% return on equities and a 2.0% slide in fixed income.

Among the fund’s largest holdings are US mega-cap technology companies including Apple, Microsoft, Alphabet, Amazon, and Facebook.

The fund’s returns from investments in non-listed renewable energy infrastructure slipped 1.9%.

“The equity investments had the most positive contribution to the return in the first half of the year, and especially the investments within the sectors of energy and finance,” CEO Nicolai Tangen said in a statement.

Tangen, a former hedge-fund manager who has been in the post for nearly a year, has pointed to inflation as the biggest threat to the fund’s returns, Bloomberg reported, especially amid a potentially overheating US economy.

The fund, created in 1990, invested in renewable infrastructure for the first time this year, a significant step from its previous portfolio which consisted only of stocks, bonds, and real estate.

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Microsoft is looking to use the ethereum blockchain to prevent piracy

Satya Nadella
  • Microsoft is looking to use the ethereum blockchain to combat digital piracy, according to a recent white paper published by the firm.
  • The company is exploring a new system named Argus, which it dubbed as the “first public anti-piracy system.”
  • Across 11 pages, Microsoft laid out the design, implementation, and evaluation of the new system.
  • Sign up here for our daily newsletter, 10 Things Before the Opening Bell.

Software giant Microsoft is looking to use the ethereum blockchain to combat digital piracy by relying on the network’s transparent and decentralized nature, according to a new paper released by the firm’s research department.

The Redmond-based company is exploring a new concrete system named Argus, which Microsoft dubbed as the “first public anti-piracy system.”

In the 11-page paper, Microsoft – together with researchers from Chinese e-commerce behemoth Alibaba and Carnegie Mellon University – laid out the design, implementation, and evaluation of the new system.

CoinTelegraph was the first to report on the initiative.

Microsoft says Argus will run on a public blockchain in order to allow digital piracy informers to remain anonymous while maintaining a certain level of transparency for the wider public at the same time.

Reports filed to Argus, for instance, will protect the identity of the informers but allow the firm to backtrack the source of the pirated content.

A blockchain is a form of public ledger, in which every transaction is recorded after it is authenticated.

Furthermore, by optimizing several cryptographic operations, the cost for piracy reporting will be “reduced to an equivalent cost of sending about 14 ETH-transfer transactions,” the company added, contrary to the typically high transaction fees ethereum is known for.

“With the security and practicality of Argus, we hope real-world antipiracy campaigns will be truly effective by shifting to a fully transparent incentive mechanism,” the paper said.

The latest effort undertaken by Microsoft highlights the obstacles faced by technology firms in protecting their intellectual properties.

Read more: The chief economist of a blockchain data firm breaks down why the current dogecoin rally has more legs to run – and lays out why ‘anything is possible’ for the altcoin, including reaching $1

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