How to access the hidden files on your Mac computer

woman looking at laptop computer screen at home
Accessing hidden files on your Mac may help you find lost files.

  • You can show hidden files on your Mac by accessing the three libraries that your computer has.
  • You can also use Finder or the Terminal app to find hidden files on a Mac.
  • Or, it’s possible to use a third-party file manager to view all your Mac files in one place.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Sometimes computers malfunction, and that can mean your files get moved to folders you’ve never visited before. That’s when looking in your hidden files can help.

On a Mac, there are many areas where a hidden file could appear. In fact, there are three separate libraries where you can look for hidden files.

Here’s how to find the hidden files on your Mac.

How to show hidden files on Mac in Finder

1. Click the Finder app in your bottom toolbar (it’s the half-tone face icon). If you don’t see your computer’s name listed in the Finder sidebar, continue to the next step. Otherwise skip to step four.

2. Click Finder in the top toolbar and select Preferences.

Screenshot of the Finder menu featuring Preferences.
Go into your Finder’s Preferences.

3. In the pop-up window, select the Sidebar tab, then check the box next to your computer’s name.

Screenshot of the Finder Preferences menu on a Mac
Tick the box next to your computer’s name, under “Locations.”

4. Go into Finder and select your computer’s name in the sidebar.

5. Click Macintosh HD.

Screenshot of the Mac folder in the Finder
Select the “Macintosh HD” folder.

6. Press Command + Shift + period key. Hidden files will then appear, and some, if not all, will be greyed out.

Screenshot of the hidden files in the Macintosh HD file on a Mac
The keyboard shortcut will expose your hidden files in that area of your computer.

7. Repeat the keyboard shortcut to hide the files again.

How to show hidden files on Mac in Terminal

For those who aren’t familiar with Terminal, it’s basically a command-line system that allows you to take control over, and interact with, your operating system.

To the uninitiated, it might not be worth the effort. But if you’re already familiar with the Mac Terminal, you may find that this process is a bit faster:

1. Open the Terminal (if you haven’t added it to your dock, you can find it by clicking the launchpad and searching for Terminal).

Screenshot of the Terminal as it appears when you search for it using the Launchpad
Search for Terminal in your Launchpad.

2. Paste in defaults write com.apple.Finder AppleShowAllFiles true and hit Return.

Screenshot of the Terminal with the command to show hidden files pasted in
Paste in the command on the Terminal.

3. Paste in, or type out, killall Finder and hit the return key again.

To make the files hidden again, change true to false in the original command.

How to find the Library folder and different types of libraries

Your Mac actually has three libraries, and each are accessed in different ways:

  • Library: This is found via Finder, and is accessed by completing the steps in the first section of this article.
  • ~/Library: Hidden in your home file, you can find this library by opening Finder, pressing Command + Shift + H, and then using the Command + Shift + period key shortcut.
  • System Library: To access this library, you’ll need to complete the steps to find the Library. From the Macintosh HD folder, double-click System. You’ll see the system library folder inside.
Screenshot of the Macintosh HD folder in the Finder on a Mac
Open the System folder to view your system library.

Try using third-party file managers

A third-party file manager can provide a slightly more convenient way to view your hidden files alongside all your other data since it would all be visible on one interface. Some examples of file managers include:

  • Path Finder: This features AirDrop and DropBox integration as well as a folder sync tool. It has a 30-day free trial, after which it costs $36.
  • muCommander: You can use universal bookmarks with this manager, and customize the interface and set up keyboard shortcuts for easier use. It’s available for free.

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How to create folders and labels in Gmail to organize your inbox

gmail app
Gmail labels are a great way to keep your email inbox organized.

  • To create and edit folders in Gmail, go to the Labels section in Settings.
  • Gmail uses labels instead of folders to organize emails, but labels function similarly to folders.
  • You can also create a label from an email on both desktop and the Gmail mobile app.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Folders are a must for keeping your email inbox organized. Gmail uses labels instead of folders, but they’re effectively the same thing. But unlike folders, you can apply more than one label to an email in Gmail.

To use a label as a “folder,” use the “Move to” option to move an email or thread out of your inbox and into a label, which you can access in the left panel of your inbox.

All work-related emails for a specific client, for example, can be put into one folder, and wedding planning related emails can be stored in another. You can even nest labels under other labels, which act like subfolders.

Here’s how to do it all.

How to create a folder in Gmail on desktop

1. Go to the Gmail website. Log in to your account if you aren’t already logged in.

2. Click the gear-shaped Settings icon at the top-right of the screen, then select See all settings.

Desktop screenshot of a Gmail inbox with the See all settings option highlighted
Select “See all settings” to create, edit, and delete folders.

3. In the Labels tab, scroll down to the Labels section and click Create new label.

4. Enter the name of the label you want, then click Create. If you want the new label to nest under an existing label (like a subfolder), click the box next to Nest label under and select the folder you want the new label to go into.

Desktop screenshot of the Labels section of Gmail settings with the New label pop-up window
Label names can be a maximum of 225 characters.

How to create a folder in Gmail on the mobile app

1. Open the Gmail app on your iPhone, iPad, or Android. Log in to your account if you aren’t already logged in.

2. Tap the three horizontal lines on the top-left of the screen.

3. Scroll down to the Labels section, then tap Create new.

Screenshot of the Gmail app with the Create new option highlighted
Scroll down past the list of already created labels to make a new one.

4. In the pop-up menu, enter the name of the label you want (225 characters max), then tap Done.

How to apply labels in Gmail

1. In your Gmail inbox on desktop, click the boxes next to the emails you want to label and click the Label icon on the right side of the top toolbar. In your Gmail inbox on the mobile app, tap the circular profile icon of the sender on each email you want to label, then tap the three dots icon, and select Label in the pop-up.

2. On both desktop and mobile, check the boxes corresponding to the labels you want to apply (you can choose more than one). On desktop, click Apply and on mobile tap the check mark to apply the labels.

Desktop screenshot of a Gmail inbox with the Label as menu highlighted
Organize your Gmail inbox by assigning labels to individual or groups of emails.

How to automatically apply labels via filtering

1. In your Gmail inbox on desktop, click the Show search options icon, which looks like three hatched lines, on the right side of the search bar.

2. Set the parameters for the filter. You can filter by From, To, Subject, Has the words, Doesn’t have, Size, and Date.

3. After setting the criteria, click Create Filter.

Desktop screenshot of a Gmail inbox highlighting the Create filter option
Automatic filters can help you organize and find relevant emails quickly without having to manually label individual emails.

4. On the next page, click the box next to Apply the label and choose a label from the drop-down menu.

5. Click Create Filter.

Screenshot of "Apply label" screen in Gmail on desktop
Select “Apply the label” and choose which label in the drop-down.

How to edit or delete a label

On desktop:

1. In your Gmail inbox on desktop,click the gear-shaped Settings icon at the top-right of the screen, then select See all settings.

2. In the Labels tab, scroll down to the Labels section.

3. To edit a label, click on the label name, enter in the new name, then hit the Enter or Return key. Alternatively, click the corresponding edit button in the Actions tab. You can also change a label’s nesting properties in this window.

Desktop screenshot of the Settings section of Gmail with the Edit label option highlighted
Add, delete, and edit labels in this section of the Settings menu.

4. To delete a label, click the corresponding remove button in the Actions tab, then click Delete.

On the mobile app:

1. In the Gmail app, tap the icon of three horizontal lines in the top-left corner, next to the search bar.

2. Scroll down and tap Settings.

3. On the next screen, select the email address you want to apply the change to.

4. Scroll down on the next page and select Label settings in the Labels section.

Screenshot of Settings page in Gmail app
Go to “Label settings.”

5. On the Label Settings page, tap the label you want to edit or delete.

Screenshot of Label Settings page on Gmail mobile app
Select the label you want to edit.

6. Tap the Name field to enter a new name, or tap the Delete [label name] button at the bottom to delete the label.

Screenshot of Label edit page on Gmail app
Here you can rename or delete your label.

How to search by date in Gmail to find older messagesHow to log into your Gmail account on a computer or mobile deviceHow to sort by sender and more in Gmail to find your most important messagesHow to reset and change your Gmail password if you’ve forgotten it, on desktop or mobile

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How to free up space on your Mac to keep your device running smoothly

mac computer
There are a number of things you can do to clean up your Mac computer.

  • You can free up space on your Mac by manually deleting files and emptying your trash.
  • You can also zip files or store them on iCloud to clear space on a Mac.
  • Decluttering apps can help to quickly locate junk files or duplicates taking up precious storage space.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Freeing up space on your Mac can be a tedious task, but it’s an important one to ensure your computer continues to run smoothly and quickly. Doing so on a regular basis will help to reduce clutter and (hopefully) prevent a marathon session of deleting old files when you’re almost or completely out of space.

There are several methods to free up space on your Mac, from cleaning out your Downloads folder to enlisting the help of a free or paid decluttering app. Here’s what you need to know.

How to manually free up space on a Mac

In this section, we’ll cover some basic ways to free up storage space on your Mac, from manually deleting files to zipping them.

Delete files and apps

Take a look through your computer files and apps and see if there’s anything you can delete, particularly larger files like videos or hi-res images. For example, if you often take multiple photos of the same thing to get the best shot, deleting unnecessary duplicates is a good place to start.

To delete a file or app, right-click on the app icon or the name of the file, then click Move to Trash.

Screenshot of a file pop-up menu with the Move to Trash option highlighted
Deleted files are stored in your Trash.

As you delete files manually, make sure you’re also emptying your trash to ensure you’re actually clearing up space and not just moving things from one place to another. To empty your trash, right-click on the trash icon, then click Empty Trash.

ZIP files

For large files or folders that you don’t want to delete, you can zip those files to save space without having to delete them. Zipping compresses files so that they take up less space.

Screenshot of a file pop-up menu with the Compress option highlighted
To access a zipped file, double-click it to unzip it.

Clear temporary files

Deleting temporary files is another way to free up some space on your Mac, but most of them will end up returning to your Mac as you continue to use it. Temporary files take up space on your Mac’s hard drive, and you don’t typically need them.

To locate temporary files, click the Go tab on Finder. Select Go to Folder, type in ~/Library/Caches, then click Go. This will lead you to a Caches folder. To delete files in the folder, right-click on the file(s) you want to delete, then click Move to Trash. An app like CleanMyMac can also locate and delete these temporary files for you.

iMac screenshot of a Go to Folder pop-up menu with ~/Library/Caches typed into the search box
Use Finder to find and delete temporary files.

Remove language files

Many Mac apps support various languages, and thus come with language files. To remove language files you don’t need (since you’re likely using just one language on your Mac), use an app like CleanMyMac or Monolingual.

Clean out your Downloads folder

From old work presentations to restaurant menus that automatically downloaded without you realizing, your Downloads folder is another place to find unnecessary files to delete. In Finder, click the Go tab, then Downloads to open the Downloads folder. To delete files in the folder, right-click on the file you want to delete, then click Move to Trash.

iMac screenshot of the Finder menu with the Downloads folder highlighted
The Downloads folder is another good place to find and delete unnecessary files.

It can also be helpful to keep a shortcut to your Downloads folder in your Dock so that it’s easily accessible. To do this, simply drag the Downloads folder from your Finder to your dock.

Store files on iCloud

Storing your content on iCloud, Apple’s cloud storage service, helps you save space on your computer while still having easy access to your files. When storing files on iCloud, you can choose from one of three options:

  • Desktop and Documents: iCloud stores all of the files located in these two folders. When your Mac is low on storage, only recently opened files are stored on your Mac. Files stored in iCloud have a download icon (a cloud with an arrow pointing down). To access files stored in iCloud, simply double-click the icon to download the file.
  • Photos: iCloud stores all of your photos and videos in their original, full-resolution form. When your Mac is low on storage, only space-saving versions of your photos are stored on your Mac. To download the original version of the photo or video, simply click it to open the file.
  • Messages: iCloud stores all your messages and attachments. When your Mac is low on storage, only recently opened messages and attachments are stored on your Mac.

Note that Apple users are automatically given 5 GB of storage space for free, but if you need more you can buy more iCloud storage for a monthly fee starting at 50 GB for $0.99 a month.

To store files in iCloud, follow these steps:

1. Click the Apple icon at the top-left of your screen. Select About This Mac.

2. Click the Storage tab, then select Manage.

3. Click Store in iCloud.

iMac screenshot of the Storage manager menu with the Store in iCloud option highlighted
This window has shortcuts to multiple options for clearing storage space.

4. In the pop-up menu, click the boxes corresponding to the types of files you want to store in iCloud. When you’re finished, click Store in iCloud.

iMac screenshot of an iCloud pop-up menu highlighting the different storage options
Choose from the three options to enable iCloud storage.

Third-party apps to free up space on your Mac

Check out these popular apps that help you free up space on your Mac:

  • CleanMyMac X: This “all-in-one” app functions as a macOS cleaner, a performance monitor, a malware remover, and more. It removes unneeded files and clutter in apps like iTunes, Mail, and Photos. There’s a free version and a paid version. The free trial removes up to 500 MB of junk files, and after that you’ll need to upgrade to a subscription which unlocks all of the app’s features.
  • Gemini 2: This app finds and deletes duplicate files. It can also spot similar files (like duplicate photos of the same thing) and deletes the ones you don’t need. The free trial version scans your Mac as many times as you want and will clean up to 500 MB of data. If you want to keep the app and have it continue to flag and delete duplicates, you’ll need to purchase a subscription.
  • Disk Doctor: This disk-cleaning app doesn’t have a free version, but it costs just $2.99 (while Gemini 2 costs $19.95 for a yearly subscription and CleanMyMac X costs $39.95 per year). Disk Doctor scans your computer to find and remove unneeded files. An In-Depth Cleaning feature unclogs Application Caches, Logs, Browser Data, Mail Downloads, and Downloads Folder, while also identifying large files.

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How to fix a disabled iPad by connecting to iTunes or Finder

apple ipad 4
You can’t get into a disabled iPad without the password or resetting it.

  • If your iPad says it’s disabled, you’ll need to connect it to Finder or iTunes to restore it.
  • Typing the wrong passcode too many times will disable your iPad temporarily or permanently.
  • Once you connect your disabled iPad to Finder or iTunes, you’ll have to erase and recover all of its data.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Passwords and passcodes help protect our devices from falling into the wrong hands. But it also means that if you enter your own iPad’s passcode wrong too many times, you’re the one who’ll be locked out.

If your iPad says it’s disabled, it means that you’re totally locked out. At this point, the only way to re-enable your iPad is to either wait (assuming it’s given you a time limit) or reset the iPad using your computer. And if you don’t know your password, resetting the iPad is your only option.

How to restore a disabled iPad with Finder or iTunes

The exact steps to restore your iPad will depend on which iPad model you own, and whether you have a Mac or PC.

1. Turn off your iPad. You can do this on an iPad with a Home button by holding the Lock button at the top of the iPad, then swiping on the Power Off slider that appears. On an iPad without a Home button, hold the Lock button and either Volume button, then swipe the Power Off slider.

2. Plug your iPad into a computer and then put it into Recovery Mode.

  • If you have an iPad with a Home button, press and hold both the Home and the Lock buttons at the same time until you see the Recovery Mode screen appear.
  • If you have an iPad without a Home button – this type of iPad uses Face ID – quickly press and release the Volume Up button, press and release the Volume Down button, and then hold the Lock button until you see the Recovery Mode screen appear.
The Recovery Mode screen on an iPad, which displays a link to Apple's support page, and icons showing a charging cable connecting to a laptop.
Put your iPad into Recovery Mode.

3. If you’re on a PC, open iTunes and click the tiny iPad icon in the top-left. If you’re on a Mac, open a Finder window and click your iPad’s name in the sidebar.

4. You should see a pop-up explaining that your iPad has encountered a problem and needs to either be updated or restored. Select Restore, and confirm your choice.

A Mac screen telling the user that their iPad has an error, and needs to be updated or restored. The "Restore" option is highlighted.
You’ll want to restore your iPad, not just update it.

5. Keep your iPad connected and wait for your PC or Mac to restore the device. Depending on your computer and internet speeds, this could take a few minutes.

A Mac finder window showing a progress bar for an iPad being restored.
The restoration and update could take a while.

6. Once it’s done, your iPad should restart automatically. At this point, it should act as if you’re setting it up for the first time. Go through the steps to set it up, and if you have a backup saved to iCloud, use that to recover your data.

Alternatively, you can open Find My on the iCloud website, select your iPad, and click Erase. As long as your iPad is connected to the internet, this should delete everything on it – including the passcode.

The Find My browser app, displaying a map of New York City and Long Island, with a green dot to mark where the selected iPad is. In a side menu, the "Erase iPad" option is highlighted.
You can erase your iPad remotely with Find My.

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How to fix your Mac computer when it won’t turn on

A high angle view of a man sitting at a desk in front of an iMac as he gestures.
It’s helpful to rule out several hardware and software issues that could keep your Mac from starting before booking an Apple Genius Bar appointment.

Table of Contents: Masthead Sticky

Mac computers can sometimes run into issues resulting in them failing to turn on. Here’s how to recover from this and get them up and running again.

Check the power

The first step if your Mac won’t turn on is to ensure that it has power. Plug it into its charger and, should that not work, try different outlets, power cables, and power bricks.

If your Mac’s battery is completely dead, it may need to remain plugged in for a few minutes before it will power on.

Make sure there isn’t a display issue

If your Mac has an external display, ensure that the display also has power. Does your Mac make any sounds when turned on? If so, that could indicate that it is the display that is the issue.

Make sure the display cables are connected securely. If there are any input switches or other peripherals between your display and your Mac, try bypassing them and connecting your display directly to your Mac; this could rule out the peripherals as the issue.

If possible, it is advisable to also try another display and other cables; this would help to rule out the display and the cables themselves as the issue.

Double-check hardware cables

Loose hardware cables could be a culprit for your Mac not appearing to turn on. Ensure that cables connected to your Mac and any external displays are fitted securely.

Also check the cables for signs of wear and tear or fraying. If they show signs, the issue could be the cables themselves and they may need replacing.

Do a power cycle

Power cycling can sometimes bring Macs back to life. They are performed in different ways for different types of Macs, but all types need 10 seconds or more between cutting the power and rebooting.

If you have a M1 Mac or a MacBook, the power button must be held down for 10 seconds. You may hear an audible click after that time, but it’s nothing to worry about and is just the sound of the power being cut.

If you have a Mac desktop, unplugging it and letting it sit for at least 10 seconds is how you cut the power.

Boot in Safe Mode

Booting into Safe Mode is a way to rule out software or driver issues causing your Mac to not function.

Related Article Module: How to start your Mac computer in ‘Safe Mode,’ to diagnose problems and track down troublesome programs

On an Intel based Mac, this is accomplished by powering on your Mac and then immediately pressing and holding the Shift key; once the login screen has appeared, you may release the Shift key.

On a M1 Mac, Safe Mode is accessed by pressing and holding the power button until the startup options window appears. Once that happens, select a startup disk and then press and hold the Shift key, click Continue in Safe Mode, and then release the Shift key.

To leave Safe Mode, restart your Mac normally and don’t press any keys during startup.

Try Recovery Mode

Recovery Mode can be used to repair your hard drive (or solid-state drive), reinstall the macOS operating system from scratch, restore files from Time Machine, and more.

To enter Recovery Mode, turn on your Mac and immediately press one of the three key combinations:

  • Command + R. This starts up Recovery Mode.
  • Option + Command + R. This combination starts up Recovery Mode primed to install the latest version of macOS that is compatible with your device.
  • Option + Shift + Command + R. This combination starts up Recovery Mode configured to reinstall the version of macOS that your system originally came with or the closest version still available.

If you encounter a lock icon, enter your Mac’s password. In the event that you have multiple volumes on your disk, you will need to select the volume which you intend to recover and then press Next.

On M1 Mac systems, Recovery Mode must be entered by pressing the power button until Loading startup options appear. From there, you can select the recovery option from above as desired.

Reset SMC

On Mac computers that do not have an M1 chip, resetting the SMC – System Management Controller – is another option for troubleshooting.

On a MacBook with a T2 Security chip

1. Power off your MacBook.

2. Unplug and reconnect it from power.

3. Press Shift + Control + Option for seven seconds, then also press down the power button as well.

4. Hold all four keys for seven additional seconds and then release them.

5. Wait an additional few seconds and then restart your MacBook.

On a Mac desktop with a T2 Security chip

1. Shut down your Mac and unplug its power cord.

2. Wait 15 seconds before plugging the power cord back into your Mac.

3. Wait 5 seconds, then turn your Mac back on by pressing the power button.

On a MacBook with a non-removable battery and without a T2 Security chip

1. Power off your MacBook.

2. Press and hold Shift + Control + Option and the power button for 10 seconds.

3. Release all keys and power on your MacBook using the power button.

On a Mac desktop without a T2 Security chip

1. Power off the system.

2. Unplug your Mac’s power cord.

3. Wait 15 seconds before plugging the power cord back in.

4. After an additional five seconds, press the power button to power on your Mac.

Make an appointment with the Genius Bar

If all else fails, it may be time to take your Mac to Apple for professional assistance.

You can schedule an appointment with the Apple Genius bar by visiting support.apple.com, selecting your product, and following the rest of our Genius bar guide.

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How to copy and paste on a Mac computer, or from a Mac to other Apple devices

woman hands typing on keyboard laptop
There’s a few different ways to copy and paste on your Mac, including with keyboard shortcuts.

  • You can copy and paste on Mac by right-clicking, opening the toolbar, or using keyboard shortcuts.
  • Text, images, GIFs, and other file formats can all be copied and pasted on a Mac.
  • Apple devices on the same iCloud account can copy and paste across devices.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Copy and paste is one of the most basic and helpful computer shortcuts. It saves time and ensures that text and images are preserved in their original form; no need to type out text you see on a webpage into an email or document when you can simply copy and paste.

There are several different ways to copy and paste on a Mac, and knowing them all helps you use this function no matter what you’re copying and pasting. You can even copy and paste content across Apple devices.

Here’s how to do it all.

How to copy and paste on Mac with keyboard shortcuts

1. Highlight the text you want to copy using your mouse or trackpad.

2. Hold the Command key, then press the “C” key to copy the highlighted text.

Image of Mac keyboard with Command + C keys highlighted
This two-button keyboard shortcut is a quick way to copy and paste.

3. Click to place the cursor where you want to paste the copied text.

4. Hold the Command key, then press the “V” key to paste.

Image of Mac keyboard with Command + V highlighted
Press Command + V to paste.

How to copy and paste on Mac with a mouse or trackpad

1. Highlight the text you want to copy using your mouse or trackpad, then right-click. If you’re copying an image, GIF, or another file type, simply hover the cursor over it before clicking.

2. In the pop-up menu, click Copy.

Screenshot of Insider author page with text highlighted and a pop-up menu showing the copy function
Right-clicking is one of several methods to copy and paste content.

3. Click to place the cursor where you want to paste the copied text or file.

4. Right-click, then select Paste in the pop-up. If you’re simply copying and pasting, the pasted text will maintain the same formatting from its original context.

Screenshot of a Google Doc with a pop-up menu highlighting the paste function
You can paste copied text into emails, Word documents, and Google Docs.

How to copy and paste on Mac using the toolbar

1. Highlight the text you want to copy using your mouse or trackpad.

2. In the toolbar at the very top of your screen, click Edit, then select Copy in the drop-down.

Screenshot of an Insider author page with the copy option highlighted in the toolbar
The toolbar at the top of the screen is another way to use the copy and paste function.

3. Click to place the cursor where you want to paste the copied text.

4. In the toolbar at the very top of your screen, click Edit, then select Paste in the drop-down.

Screenshot of "paste" option in toolbar
To paste, use the toolbar at the top of your screen, or in the program you’re using.

How to copy and paste on Mac to match formatting

The methods detailed above will transfer highlighted text as it appears in its original context, i.e. in its original font, size, color, etc. This isn’t always ideal, but there’s an easy workaround to help keep things consistent in the email or document you’re pasting text into.

To change copied text to match the style of its new location, follow the steps below:

1. Highlight the text you want to copy using your mouse or trackpad.

2. Copy the text using either of the methods discussed above: right-click, toolbar, or Command + C.

3. Click to place the cursor where you want to paste the copied text.

4. In the toolbar located at the top of the screen, click Edit, then click Paste without formatting. It can also be phrased as Paste and Match Style or something similar. When pasting without formatting, the copied text is set to match the style of the document or email you’re pasting into.

Screenshot of a Google Doc with the "Paste without formatting" option highlighted in the toolbar
Use the toolbar or a keyboard shortcut to paste and match formatting.

How to copy and paste between Apple devices

If you have an iPhone or iPad registered under the same iCloud account as your Mac, you can easily copy and paste text and photos between devices. Here’s how it’s done:

1. On your Mac, open System Preferences, and click General.

2. Toward the bottom of the General page, check the box next to Allow Handoff between this Mac and your iCloud devices.

Screenshot of Mac System Preferences showcasing the Handoff capability
If copied text or photos aren’t transferring between devices, check your Mac settings.

3. On your iPhone or iPad, open the Settings app, and tap General.

Screenshot of iPhone Settings app homepage
In Settings, go to “General.”

4. On the General page, select AirPlay & Handoff.

Screenshot of General page in iPhone Settings app
Select “AirPlay & Handoff.”

5. Ensure the Handoff feature is on by tapping the switch, turning it from grey to green.

Screenshot of iPhone settings window showcasing the Handoff capability
Ensure the Handoff capability is turned on by tapping the toggle.

6. On your mobile device, tap to highlight the text or image you want to copy, then tap Copy.

Screenshot of an iPhone browser tab with text highlighted]
After highlighting your text, tap “Copy” in the small pop-up.

7. On your computer, paste the content using any of the methods described above. This method also works for copying content on your computer and pasting it on your mobile device.

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How to unzip a file on a Mac so its content is usable on your computer

hand closing Mac laptop computer dark
You can unzip files on a Mac with a few simple clicks.

  • You can unzip a file on a Mac by double-clicking on it, or by right-clicking and selecting “Open.”
  • The unzipped file will expand its content into a folder on your desktop.
  • If you have a RAR file on your Mac, you can extract its content by downloading free software.
  • See more stories on Insider’s business page.

A ZIP file is a convenient way of giving your computer or phone some extra space when you’re close to reaching its storage limits.

Zipped files compress the data of photos, media, documents, et cetera, you’ve received from friends, family, work, or just downloaded from the internet.

Zipping also makes it easier and less time-consuming to share large files on the internet, but those files need to be unzipped once shared. Here’s how to unzip files on a Mac.

How to unzip files on a Mac

To unzip zipped files on a Mac, simply double-click on the zipped file and the Archive Utility tool will unzip the files, creating a new folder of its contents beside the zipped folder on your desktop.

unzip zip file on mac into new folder
The Archive Utility tool will automatically create of folder of the zipped file’s contents.

You can also right-click on the folder and click Open to perform the same task if Archive Utility is set as your default. If not, right-click and select Open with then Archive Utility.

How to unzip RAR files on a Mac

Comparable to ZIP files, Roshal Archive (RAR) is another file format where you’re able to hold large amounts of compressed data.

Unlike ZIP files, RAR files needs software to unzip the files and turn them into a folder. Still, the process to unzip a RAR file on a Mac is relatively straightforward thanks to a free, compatible software known as The Unarchiver.

1. Download The Unarchiver.

2. You will be prompted about the types of files you want the software to open. Make sure RAR Archive is selected among those options.

3. Then select the Extraction tab to tell how you want the program to manage the folder.

4. Once your settings have been made, right-click on the RAR file and select Open with and The Unarchiver.

5. Select the destination for your RAR extraction folder. Once done, click the blue Extract button at the bottom right of the window.

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How to pair Galaxy Buds to a Samsung phone, or any other device

Samsung Galaxy Buds+
It’s easy to pair Galaxy Buds to any device via Bluetooth.

  • You can pair your Galaxy Buds to a Samsung device manually or automatically.
  • It’s also easy to pair your Galaxy Buds to a non-Samsung Android, to an iPhone, or to a PC or Mac.
  • Before you pair your Galaxy Buds to a new device, make sure they’re in range and not already connected to another device.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

There was definitely a time in technology history when connecting devices – even ones advertised as “plug and play” – was convoluted, time-consuming, and frustrating. Thankfully, those days are pretty much over, at least for the newest generation of Bluetooth-enabled mobile gadgets.

Connecting Galaxy Buds to another device via Bluetooth is a simple process. Galaxy Buds can automatically pair to a Samsung phone, but you can also pair them with another Android device, an iPhone, and a PC or Mac – here’s how.

How to automatically pair Galaxy Buds to a Samsung phone

1. Make sure the Galaxy Buds are in their charging case and that they’re at least partially charged.

2. Place the case near your Galaxy phone and open the case.

Samsung Galaxy Buds+

3. Your Galaxy Buds will automatically go into Pairing Mode, and your phone will display the Galaxy Buds screen, asking if you want to connect to this device.

4. Tap Connect.

Screenshot of Galaxy Buds pairing screen on Samsung phone
The Buds will pair with a single tap.

How to manually pair Galaxy Buds to a Samsung phone

If you have trouble getting your Galaxy Buds to pair using the automatic process, you can still pair them by following the steps for other wireless earbuds.

1. Make sure the Buds aren’t currently paired with another nearby phone. If they are, unpair the earbuds from that phone or turn off that phone’s Bluetooth.

2. Try the automatic method again.

3. If it still doesn’t work, manually enter pairing mode by tapping and holding the touchpads on both Galaxy Buds.

4. Open the Settings app on your phone.

5. Tap Connections, then Bluetooth.

6. When it appears, tap the entry for your Galaxy Buds.

How to pair Galaxy Buds to a non-Samsung Android

The exact steps below may differ depending on what kind of Android device you have, but generally, you’ll need to go to your Bluetooth settings page to find and select a new device to pair.

1. Make sure the Buds aren’t currently paired with another nearby phone. If they are, unpair them from that phone or turn off that phone’s Bluetooth.

2. Open the Galaxy Buds case and your earbuds should automatically enter pairing mode.

3. On your Android, open the Notification center, then press and hold on the Bluetooth button.

Screenshot of Notification Center Bluetooth button on Android
Hold down on the “Bluetooth” button.

4. On the Bluetooth settings page, select Pair new device.

Screenshot of "Pair new device" Bluetooth screen on Android
Tap to pair a new Bluetooth device.

5. If your Galaxy Buds are in range, they will appear in a list of nearby devices. Select them and they should pair to your Android.

How to pair Galaxy Buds to an iPhone

To pair your Galaxy Buds with an iPhone, you’ll need to go to the Bluetooth page of your iPhone’s Settings app, and find your Galaxy Buds in the list of nearby devices.

For a step-by-step rundown, read our article on pairing Galaxy Buds with an iPhone.

How to connect Galaxy Buds to a PC

1. Make sure the Buds aren’t currently paired with another nearby phone. If they are, unpair them from that phone or turn off that phone’s Bluetooth.

2. Open the Galaxy Buds case and your earbuds should automatically enter pairing mode.

3. In the search bar at the bottom of your Windows computer, type Bluetooth and select Bluetooth and other device settings from the search results.

Screenshot of "Bluetooth and other device settings" result in Windows search bar
Click “Bluetooth and other device settings.”

4. On the Bluetooth & other devices page, click Add Bluetooth or other device at the top.

Screenshot of Bluetooth settings page on Windows
Select “Add Bluetooth or other device.”

5. In the Add a device pop-up, choose Bluetooth.

Screenshot of "Add a device" pop-up on Windows
Select “Bluetooth” in the pop-up.

6. In the list of nearby devices, select your Galaxy Buds to pair.

How to pair Galaxy Buds to a Mac

1. Make sure the Buds aren’t currently paired with another nearby phone. If they are, unpair them from that phone or turn off that phone’s Bluetooth.

2. Open the Galaxy Buds case and your earbuds should automatically enter pairing mode.

3. Open System Preferences on your Mac, which you can do by clicking the Apple icon in the toolbar at the top of your screen and selecting System Preferences in the drop-down.

4. In System Preferences, click Bluetooth.

Screenshot of "Bluetooth" button in Mac System Preferences
Go to “Bluetooth.”

5. If Bluetooth is turned off on your Mac, click Turn Bluetooth On on the left side of the Bluetooth page.

Screenshot of "Turn Bluetooth On" button in Mac System Preferences
Turn Bluetooth on if it’s not already.

6. Under Devices on the right side of the Bluetooth page, find your Galaxy Buds and click Connect.

Screenshot of Bluetooth page in Mac System Preferences
Click “Connect” next to the name of your Galaxy Buds.

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How to transfer videos from an iPhone to a Mac wirelessly

Photographer using laptop at desk next to camera
To keep your videos safe in case something happens to your iPhone, you can transfer them to your Mac in a few different ways.

  • You can transfer videos from your iPhone to your Mac computer using AirDrop or iCloud.
  • When you transfer videos with AirDrop, both devices need to be within a few feet to connect.
  • You can also sync photos with iCloud so all new iPhone photos automatically transfer to your Mac.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

If you’re an Apple user, you have two ways to wirelessly transfer videos and photos from your iPhone to your Mac: through AirDrop, or through iCloud.

Here’s how to transfer videos from your iPhone to your Mac both ways.

How to transfer videos from an iPhone to a Mac with AirDrop

AirDrop lets you easily send all sorts of files from your iPhone to your Mac computer. But, you’ll need to have your phone and your computer within a few feet of each other – AirDrop works only for short-range transmission.

1. Open the Photos app on your iPhone.

2. To view all your videos on your iPhone, tap Albums at the bottom of the screen, scroll down to the Media Types section, and choose Videos.

Screenshot of Albums page on iPhone Photos app
On the “Albums” tab, select “Videos.”

3. Tap Select in the upper-right corner of the videos screen. You can tap each individual video you want to import, choose Select All in the top-left corner, or swipe your finger across the photos to select multiple at once. A blue check will appear on each video you select.

Screenshot of Select button in iPhone Photos app
To choose photos, first tap “Select” in the top-right corner.

4. Tap the Share icon in the bottom-left corner of your screen.

Screenshot of Share button in iPhone Photos app
After selecting your video(s), tap the “Share” button at the bottom.

5. In the Share pop-up menu, tap the AirDrop icon, which looks like a blue bullseye.

Screenshot of AirDrop icon on iPhone Share pop-up menu
Select “AirDrop.”

6. On the AirDrop page, find and select your Mac computer. If you don’t see your computer after a few seconds, make sure that your Mac has AirDrop activated.

Screenshot of AirDrop device selection page on iPhone
Select the Mac you want to AirDrop to.

7. You’ll have to accept the transfer on your Mac. The import may take a few seconds. On your iPhone, a blue line will appear around the icon for your Mac. The AirDrop is complete once the blue line gets all the way around the circle.

8. Once the videos have been transferred, a pop-up will let you choose whether you want to save them to your downloads or to the Photos app.

Screenshot of AirDrop notification on Mac
Accept the video(s) and choose where you want to save them.

How to transfer videos from an iPhone to a Mac using iCloud

Apple’s iCloud lets you sync your videos and photos from your iPhone to your Mac automatically.

1. On your iPhone, open the Settings app and then tap your name at the top to go to your Apple ID page.

Screenshot of iPhone Settings app homepage
Select your name at the top of the Settings page.

2. Tap iCloud.

Screenshot of Apple ID page on iPhone Settings app
Go to “iCloud.”

3. Under Apps Using iCloud, tap Photos.

Screenshot of iCloud page in Settings app
On the iCloud page, go to “Photos.”

4. Turn on iCloud Photos by swiping the button to the right, turning it from grey to green.

Screenshot of Photos page in iPhone Settings app
Tap the button next to “iCloud Photos” to turn it green.

5. Next, open System Preferences on your Mac.

6. Click Apple ID in the top-right corner of System Preferences. On older Macs, click iCloud.

Screenshot of Mac System Preferences homepage
In System Preferences, click “Apple ID.”

7. On the left side of the Apple ID page, click iCloud, then check the box next to Photos to sync them to iCloud. On older Macs, click Options next to Photos and click the button to sync to iCloud.

Screenshot of "Photos" button on iCloud page of Mac System Preferences
On the iCloud page, click the box next to “Photos.”

How to fix AirDrop connection issues on iPhone, iPad, or MacHow to delete photos from your iCloud account in 2 ways to free up storage spaceHow to access iCloud photos on your Apple devices or through iCloud’s websiteHow to upload photos to iCloud and sync your photos across all of your devices

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How to back up photos to iCloud from your iPhone, iPad, or Mac

photographer using phone and laptop at desk with camera next to her
Syncing your photos to iCloud saves them to the cloud so you don’t lose them if anything happens to your device.

  • You can easily back up photos to iCloud from your iPhone, iPad, or Mac.
  • When backed up to iCloud, your photos won’t be lost if something happens to your device.
  • Once connected to iCloud, your photos can always be accessed on the iCloud website.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

If you’re someone who loves taking photos and owns an Apple product, it’s great to know that your device offers a considerable amount of storage space for your images regardless what model you have.

But if something happens to your phone, you don’t want to lose all your precious photos. That’s why it’s important to back up your photos, and iCloud is a great way to back up from iPhone, iPad, or Mac devices.

It’s quick and easy to use iCloud to back up your photos and it can even be automated. Here’s how to do it.

How to back up photos to iCloud from iPhone or iPad

1. On an iPhone or iPad running iOS 10.3 or later, open the Settings app.

2. Tap on your name at the top of the Settings menu to go to your Apple ID page.

Screenshot of iPhone Settings app homepage
Select your name at the top of the Settings page.

3. Tap iCloud.

Screenshot of Apple ID page on iPhone Settings app
Go to “iCloud.”

4. In the Apps Using iCloud section of the iCloud page, tap Photos.

Screenshot of iCloud page in Settings app
On the iCloud page, go to “Photos.”

5. At the top of the Photos page, tap the button next to iCloud Photos, turning it from grey to green.

Screenshot of Photos page in iPhone Settings app
Tap the button next to “iCloud Photos” to turn it green.

6. Once you turn on iCloud Photos, every photo you take will automatically be uploaded to your iCloud account in full resolution.

You can download the original copies of your photos from iCloud by tapping Download and Keep Originals on the Photos page. From there, you can transfer the photos from your iPhone to another device or drive if needed.

How to back up photos to iCloud from a Mac

1. Open System Preferences on your Mac, which you can do by clicking the Apple icon in the top-left corner of your toolbar and selecting System Preferences in the drop-down.

2. On a Mac running macOS Catalina 10.15 and above, click Apple ID in the top-right corner of System Preferences.

Screenshot of Mac System Preferences homepage
In System Preferences, click “Apple ID.”

3. On the Apple ID page, click iCloud in the menu on the left.

4. Under Apps on this Mac using iCloud, check the box next to Photos.

Screenshot of "Photos" button on iCloud page of Mac System Preferences
On the iCloud page, click the box next to “Photos.”

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