How to start Windows 10 in Safe Mode and then exit later

woman with headphones using PC desktop computer
There are several ways to enable Safe Mode in Windows 10.

  • Safe Mode is a Windows 10 feature that starts your computer with most of its nonessential features disabled.
  • You should boot in Safe Mode when you’re troubleshooting an issue, or if Windows 10 won’t start normally.
  • To exit Safe Mode, go into the “Boot options” menu, or just restart your computer.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Nearly every version of Windows has a Safe Mode feature. This lets you start your computer with just the basic files and drivers it needs to run – most extra features will be disabled, and programs will run more slowly. By default, you won’t even have internet access.

But Safe Mode isn’t meant to be used every day. You’ll use Safe Mode when your computer isn’t working correctly, or when it won’t start up at all. By only loading the essentials, it’ll help you narrow down what’s causing the problem: The system itself, or something else you installed.

Here’s how to boot in Safe Mode, and exit it when you’re done.

How to boot in Safe Mode in Windows 10

There are many ways to enter Safe Mode, but here are the three easiest.

Using the Power icon

If you’re signed in:

1. Click the Windows icon in the bottom-left corner.

2. Holding down the Shift key, click the Power icon and then Restart.

A Windows 10 desktop with the Start menu opened and the "Restart" option highlighted.
Hold down the Shift button as you click “Restart.”

3. Your computer will restart, and then open onto a blue screen titled Choose an option. Select Troubleshoot, and then Advanced options.

safe 3
Choose “Troubleshoot” on the Choose an option screen.

4. Click Startup Settings, and then Restart. Your computer will turn off and on again.

safe 4
Choose “Startup Settings” and then click Restart to get to the final selection menu for Safe Mode.

5. Once the screen comes back, you’ll be given a few options. Press 4 to start your computer in Safe Mode, or 5 to start Safe Mode with internet access.

A PC screen asking how the user would like to start the computer. Two "Enable Safe Mode" options are highlighted.
Enable Safe Mode with or without internet access.

If you’re not signed in, do the same thing, but click the Power icon on the sign-in page.

Using the Settings app

1. Open the Settings app by pressing the Windows key + I.

2. Click Update & Security, and then Recovery.

3. On this page, underneath Advanced startup, click Restart now.

safe 2
Click “Restart now” to get to Safe Mode.

4. Your computer will restart onto the Choose an option screen. Here, click Troubleshoot, and then Advanced options.

5. Select Startup Settings and then Restart.

6. When your computer boots back up, you’ll be given some startup options. Here, press 4 to start your computer in Safe Mode, or 5 to start Safe Mode with internet access.

Holding down the power button

This is the method to use if you can’t boot into Windows normally.

1. Press your PC’s power button to turn it on.

2. As soon as you see something appear on the screen – probably the manufacturer’s logo – hold down the power button until the PC turns off again.

3. Do this two more times, and then turn on your PC again. As it’s starting, the words Preparing Automatic Repair will appear at the bottom of the screen. Let your PC go through this process – it should eventually boot onto the Choose an option screen.

A black screen with a Windows logo and the words "Preparing Automatic Repair."
Force-restarting your computer three times will put you into automatic repair mode.

4. On this screen, select Troubleshoot, then Advanced options, and then Startup Settings. When prompted, click Restart.

5. When the computer turns back on, press 4 to start your computer in Safe Mode, or 5 to start Safe Mode with internet access.

How to exit Safe Mode

There are two ways to exit Safe Mode.

The first – and easiest – is to just restart your computer. You can do this by holding down the power button, or by going through the Start menu.

If you’ve restarted your computer but it’s still in Safe Mode, you should:

1. Press the Windows key + R to open the Run menu.

2. In the text box, type msconfig and press Enter.

Screenshot_01
Run should still be a usable tool in Safe Mode.

3. At the top of the System Configuration menu, click Boot.

4. Underneath Boot options, make sure that Safe boot is unchecked. Once it is, click OK and restart your computer again.

Screenshot_02
The menu you’re looking for should look like this. The button you’re looking to uncheck is in the bottom left.

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Clippy the paperclip could soon return to Microsoft Office as an emoji after Twitter and Instagram users voiced their approval

Former Microsoft CEO Bill Gates and former Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos hand a white t-shirt to someone dressed in a cartoon paperclip costume.
Former Microsoft CEO Bill Gates and former Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos at Clippy’s retirement party in 2001.

  • Microsoft’s Clippy, the cartoon paperclip helper, might come back as an emoji, the company said.
  • More than 320,000 users across Twitter and Instagram have said they want to bring Clippy back.
  • Clippy was added to Microsoft Office in 1997 as a virtual assistant.
  • See more stories on Insider’s business page.

Clippy the paperclip could soon return to Microsoft Office.

The cartoon paperclip, which first popped up to offer assistance to Office users in 1997, was retired in the early 2000s but could return as an emoji after receiving support from fans on social media.

Microsoft posted a tweet on Wednesday saying that it would replace the paperclip emoji in Microsoft 365 with Clippy if it got 20,000 likes. So far, more than 127,000 Twitter users have liked the post.

And in a similar call out on Instagram, the company has received just shy of the 200,000 likes it said that it needed to reinstate the character, with 199,301 likes and counting.

Clippy was introduced to Office 97 users to provide tips on how to use the program, and users either loved or hated his frequent interventions. Microsoft retired Clippy when it launched Office XP but still gave “diehard supporters” who missed his “soulful eyes” the option to turn him back on, the company said at the time.

Microsoft did not give any more details about Clippy’s rebirth, and told one Twitter user who asked if it was joking to “wait and find out.” But a trademark filing for the Clippy character by Microsoft in June, first spotted by The Register, suggests that the company might be serious about bringing him back.

Read more: Microsoft is spending $16 billion to beat Google and Amazon to an underrated part of the healthcare industry

Clippy almost made a comeback in 2019 when some Microsoft workers created Clippy animated stickers in Teams, but the effort was quickly squashed by the company’s “brand police,” an unnamed source close to the matter told The Verge.

Microsoft also introduced Windows 365, its new “Cloud PC” product, in another Wednesday tweet. The new software will enable users to stream their Windows desktop onto any device, a solution designed for hybrid home-office working, the company said.

Read the original article on Business Insider

How to update or fix your drivers in Windows 10

dell xps 13 thumb
You should update your drivers regularly.

  • To update drivers in Windows 10, open the Device Manager and right-click the device you need to update.
  • The most important drivers on your computer will likely be updated automatically along with other Windows updates.
  • Drivers are essential software that keep the various devices and components in your computer working properly.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Drivers are software that various devices on your Windows computer, such as the sound and graphics cards, rely on to work properly. Without these drivers, most of your computer would break down.

And like other pieces of software, they occasionally need to be updated. However, it’s not always easy to figure out how to update them.

Many drivers on your computer are updated automatically whenever Windows updates. But if you need to manually install or update a driver, you can do that using the Device Manager.

How to update a driver in Windows 10

1. Right-click the Windows icon in the bottom-left corner of the screen and select Device Manager from the list that appears.

2. Use the menu to locate the device you want to update. To update an audio device, for example, click the > arrow beside Audio inputs and outputs and locate the device in that list.

3. Right-click the device you need to update and in the pop-up, choose Update driver.

How to update drivers in Windows 10 1
You can update drivers using the Windows Device Manager.

4. You’ll be asked whether you want Windows to search the internet and your computer for a new driver to install automatically, or if you have a file on your computer that you specifically want to pick and use. In nearly all cases, you’ll want to select the automatic option.

How to update drivers in Windows 10 11
You’ll almost always want to pick the “Automatic” option.

5. Windows will try to find an updated driver and install it. If it can’t find any, it’ll tell you that your driver is up-to-date.

If Windows tells you that you have a fully updated driver, but you’re sure you don’t, find out who the manufacturer of that specific computer part is – you can usually just Google its name – and look at their website. They might have drivers you can download and install manually. This is common for graphics cards made by Nvidia and AMD.

How to reinstall a driver in Windows 10

If a device is behaving erratically, you might need to remove and reinstall the driver. The process is similar to updating the driver.

1. Open the Device Manager again by right-clicking the Windows icon and selecting Device Manager.

2. Use the menu to locate the device you want to reinstall. To update an audio device, for example, click the > arrow beside Audio inputs and outputs and locate the device in that list.

3. Right-click the device you need to reinstall and in the menu, choose Uninstall device. Don’t worry, your computer will be fine.

How to update drivers in Windows 10 2
To reinstall a driver, first uninstall the existing driver and then restart your computer.

4. Restart your PC. When the computer restarts, Windows will find the device and reinstall the latest driver.

What to do if your drivers aren’t updating automatically

If Windows isn’t automatically updating a driver that you believe it should, Windows updates might be temporarily paused. You can check this and unpause it if needed.

1. In the Start button search box, type Windows update and click Windows Update settings when it appears in the search results.

2. Click Advanced options.

3. In the Pause updates section, check the date under Pause until.

How to update drivers in Windows 10 3
If Windows updates are paused, device drivers won’t install automatically.

4. If you see a date in the future, click the drop-down menu and choose the soonest date (which should be tomorrow) to unpause updates.

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The 30 most useful Command Prompt commands for editing files and managing your PC

typing on computer with spreadsheets
If you’re going to use the Command Prompt, you need to know its commands.

  • Command Prompt commands let you manage your computer just by typing.
  • Some Command Prompt commands let you move files, while others let you change your internet settings.
  • Here are some of the most useful Command Prompt commands, and what they do.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

The Command Prompt isn’t pretty, but it’s one of the most powerful apps on your PC. With it, you can move or delete files, change your Wi-Fi settings, lock your hard drive, and even shut down the computer.

But to use Command Prompt, you’ll need to know the commands for it. Here are some of the most useful commands, along with explanations of what they’ll do.

The essential Command Prompt commands

We’ll sort these commands into a few different groups, based on what they’re used for.

hands typing on laptop keyboard PC
Basic commands include closing apps and moving files.

Managing your apps

Command What it does
At Lets you schedule apps or other commands to run at a specific date and time
Msiexec Starts Windows Installer, an app that helps you properly install software
Taskkill Ends a program or process that you specify
Tasklist Shows you every app, service, and process currently running on your computer

Editing files

Command What it does
Assoc Lets you change which programs are used to open different types of files
Comp Compares two or more files, or sets of files
Del Deletes a specified file
Makecab Creates a CAB file, which can compress and store data just like a ZIP file
Move Lets you move files from one folder to another
Print Sends a specified text file to a specified printer
Recover Scans a specified disk and retrieves all the readable data on it – great for recovering files from corrupted hard drives
Robocopy Lets you copy files, folders, and more from one location to another
Tree Shows you the folder structure for a specified drive or location

businesswoman using desktop PC computer at office
Some Command Prompt commands let you troubleshoot computer or internet issues.

Managing Windows

Command What it does
Chdir Tells you the name of the directory you’re currently working from, and lets you change it
Chkdsk Scans your hard drive for errors and tries to fix them
Cmdkey Lets you view, create, or delete stored usernames and passwords
Defrag Defragments the hard drive, reorganizing the files to make data retrieval faster and more efficient
Driverquery Gives you a list of all the drivers installed on your computer
Format Formats a specified drive, erasing all the data on it
Ipconfig Shows details about your internet connections, and lets you refresh your IP addresses
Net Lets you view and edit network settings
Reg Lets you manage the Windows Registry by adding keys, exporting data, and more
Sfc Scans, verifies, and replaces important Windows system files
Shutdown Lets you shut down or restart your computer
Ver Shows the current Windows version number
Vol Tells you the volume label and serial number of a specified hard drive

Miscellaneous

Command What it does
Clip Automatically copies the output of any command to the clipboard
Cls Resets the Command Prompt and clears all the text
Color Lets you change the Command Prompt’s text and background colors
Help Generates a list of example commands, just like this one

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How to zip and unzip files in Windows 10

laptops
It only takes a few clicks to zip or unzip files in Windows 10.

Zipping is one of the oldest and most commonly used methods for compressing files. It’s used to save space and share big files quickly.

In the past, you needed third-party programs like WinZip to unzip files in Windows. But Windows 10 lets you zip and unzip any file you want just by right-clicking.

How to zip files in Windows 10

1. Put all the files you want to zip in the same location, like the same folder.

2. Select all the files. An easy way to do this is to drag a selection box around them with the mouse pointer, or hold down Ctrl as you click each one.

3. Right-click one of the selected files.

4. In the drop-down menu, choose Send to and then click Compressed (zipped) folder.

A Windows 10 desktop, with the option to send files to a zipped folder highlighted.
The option to zip files can be found in the “Send to” menu.

5. A new zip file will appear in the same folder. You can identify a zip file visually because the icon has a zipper on it.

How to unzip files in Windows 10

There are two ways to unzip files, depending on whether you want to extract all the ZIP file’s contents, or just a specific file.

Unzipping the entire file with ‘Extract all’

1. Right-click the ZIP file. In the drop-down menu, click “Extract All…” The zip wizard will appear.

A Windows 10 desktop. A ZIP file has been right-clicked, and in the menu that opened, "Extract all" is highlighted.
Select the “Extract All” option.

2. If you want to unzip the files to a different folder, click “Browse…” and choose a location.

3. Click “Extract” and the files will be unzipped and copied to the folder you chose.

The Windows 10 Zip Wizard, with the Browse and Extract options higlighted.
Pick where you want the files to go, and then extract them.

Unzipping specific files with drag-and-drop

1. Double-click the ZIP file you want to unzip. It’ll open a folder, showing you the individual files inside.

2. Select all the files, or just the ones you want to use, and drag them out of the folder to another location on your computer. You can drag them into another folder, for example, or place them on the desktop.

Files being dragged out of a folder onto a desktop in Windows 10.
You can just drag the files you want out of the folder.

The files can now be used normally. You can delete the ZIP file, if there’s nothing left in there that you want.

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How to seamlessly share your Wi-Fi password on iPhone or Android

Two people looking at phones on a couch
Sharing a Wi-Fi network password can be done wirelessly.

  • Apple makes it easy to automatically share Wi-Fi passwords between iPhones, iPads, and Macs without typing in a password.
  • To share or receive a Wi-Fi password from an Apple device, the devices must be within Bluetooth and Wi-Fi range.
  • Android devices share Wi-Fi passwords through QR codes.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Sharing your Wi-Fi network with guests is always a bit of a hassle, especially if you take security seriously and have a strong password. But there’s a fast, easy way to get friends and family connected – all with just a few taps. Here’s how to quickly share your Wi-Fi password between iPhones, iPads, Macs, and Android devices.

Sharing a Wi-Fi password between iPhones, iPads, and Macs

Two screens showing Apple's automatic Wi-Fi sharing
The device already connected to the network will see these pop-up prompts.

Apple makes it quick and easy to share Wi-Fi passwords between other Apple devices. Note that there isn’t a built-in way to share Wi-Fi passwords from Apple to Android devices.

Before you can share your Wi-Fi network password, confirm both Apple devices meet these requirements:

  • Make sure each device has the latest version of iOS, iPadOS, or macOS.
  • For each device, turn on WiFi and Bluetooth.
  • Sign into iCloud with your Apple ID. Double-check that your Apple ID email address is saved in the other person’s contacts, and make sure you have their email address saved in your Contacts.
  • Make sure the devices are in Bluetooth and WiFi range of each other.

Once you have that set up, sharing a Wi-Fi network password is seamless and automatic:

1. Make sure your iPhone, iPad, or Mac is unlocked, connected to a Wi-Fi network, and the other person’s Apple ID email address is in your Contacts.

2. On the device that needs Wi-Fi, go to Settings.

3. Tap Wi-Fi and choose the same network that your device is already connected to. If your guest is on a Mac computer, have them tap the Wi-Fi icon on the top right-hand corner of the screen and choose the network. Do not enter the password when prompted.

4. Bring the two devices in range of each other.

5. On your device, you will receive a Wi-Fi password sharing notification. Tap Share Password.

6. After a moment, the other device will automatically receive the password and connect, and your phone will display a message that you were successful. Tap Done.

Sharing a Wi-Fi password with Android

Screen showing Wi-Fi password QR code for Android
Android devices generate a unique QR code.

Android devices use a QR code to make sharing Wi-Fi passwords easy. The good news is that this makes it possible to share Wi-Fi passwords from Android to Apple devices.

Before you can share your Wi-Fi network password, make sure your device is running Android 10 or later, and you are connected to the network you wish to share.

Once you have that set up, here’s how to share a Wi-Fi password with an Android device:

1. On your Android device, go to Settings.

2. Tap Connections. Depending on your Android device, the menu option might be Network & Security.

3. Tap the gear icon next to the network name you want to share.

4. On the bottom of your screen, tap QR Code. A unique QR code will be generated, which you can save and share with your contact.

5. To gain access to the network without typing a password, the guest must open their default camera app and scan the code from your screen.

6. Upon scanning QR code, the guest just needs to follow the prompts to connect.

Sharing a Wi-Fi password with a QR code

Screenshot of QiFi website for Wi-Fi password sharing
QiFi is a reputable online QR code generator.

If you have a device that doesn’t support Apple’s automatic sharing or Android’s QR code generation function, you can create your own QR code. QiFi.org is a safe online QR code generator specifically designed for Wi-Fi access that works across Apple, Android, and Windows devices.

This is great for sharing Wi-Fi information from Apple to Android devices. The best part? Once you create the unique code, you can use it every time you need to share your Wi-Fi password.

1. Go to QiFi.org.

2. Type in the name of your wireless network (SSID) and your password (Key).

3. Tap Generate. A unique QR code will be generated.

4. Once you have the QR code, you can print it or export it as a file.

5. To gain access to the network without typing a password, have your guest open their default camera app and scan the code from your screen.

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How to set up dual monitors on your Windows PC or Mac computer

A man using two computer monitors while surrounded by plants and cats.
Setting up dual monitors can boost your productivity and free space.

  • To set up dual monitors on your computer, you’ll need to connect all your monitors with HDMI or VGA cables.
  • Once you’ve connected the dual monitors to your computer, open your PC or Mac’s “Displays” menu.
  • You can set up your dual monitors to display the same image, or work separately.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

In an office, it’s common to see people using multiple monitors at the same computer. It’s a great way to expand your workspace and use lots of different apps at once.

Luckily, dual monitors aren’t just for professionals. You can set up dual monitors on your PC and Mac easily. You just need the monitors and cables to connect them.

How to set up dual monitors on a Windows 10 computer

1. Connect both monitors to the computer tower or laptop you’re using, and make sure they’re both turned on. Depending on the monitor and your computer, you’ll need a VGA, HDMI, or USB cable. In some cases, you might need a combination of different cables.

Your computer should recognize the new monitor right away. Both screens will go black and might flicker a bit.

Two pictures on top of each other. The top picture shows a Windows laptop next to a black screened monitor. The bottom image shows the same Windows laptop, but its screen has now been extended onto the monitor.
A Windows laptop before it’s been connected to the second monitor, and after.

2. Once the screen comes back, right-click on an empty part of your PC’s desktop and a drop-down menu will appear. Click on Display settings.

A Windows 10 desktop, with the "Display settings" option highlighted.
Open your PC’s “Display settings” menu.

3. Scroll down to the Multiple Displays option, open the drop-down menu, and choose how you want the dual monitors to work. Here are your options:

  • Extend these displays: You can set your screens up so that they display different things and your mouse cursor can move between them.
  • Duplicate these displays: This option will show the same image on both screens, which can be useful for PowerPoint presentations and lectures.
  • Show only on 1: Select this if you only want to use the primary monitor.
  • Show only on 2: Select this if you only want to use the secondary monitor.

4. Once you’ve picked an option, click Keep changes.

A Windows 10 Display Settings menu, with the various multiple monitor display styles highlighted.
Choose how you want your monitors to operate.

5. If you chose the Extend these displays option, scroll back up to the Rearrange your displays section. Your main monitor will be listed as “1,” and your new monitor will be listed as “2.” Click and drag them around to match their arrangement in real life, then click Apply.

A Windows 10 Display Settings menu, with the options for rearranging your screens highlighted.
You’ll need to click “Apply” to save your changes.

How to set up dual monitors on a Mac

1. Connect your second monitor to your MacBook, iMac, or Mac Mini using an HDMI cable. If your Mac device doesn’t have an HDMI port, you’ll need to connect the HDMI cable to a USB cable or hub, and then connect that to the Mac.

Your computer should recognize the new monitor right away. Both screens will go black and might flicker a bit.

Two pictures on top of each other. The top picture shows a Mac laptop next to a black screened monitor. The bottom image shows the same Mac laptop, but its screen has now been extended onto the monitor.
A Mac laptop before it’s been connected to an external monitor, and afterwards.

2. Once the display comes back, open the System Preferences app – you can click the Apple logo in the top-right corner of your screen and open it from there – and select Displays.

A Mac's System Preferences menu, with the "Displays" option highlighted.
Open your Mac’s “Displays” menu.

3. Two windows will open, one on each display. The window on your main display will have more options – use this window and click Arrangement at the top.

4. If you want both monitors to show the same image, check off Mirror Displays. If you want them to work separately, uncheck it.

5. Click and drag the blue boxes to match the arrangement of your monitors in real life. You can also click and drag just the white bar to pick which monitor has the Dock – this will be your main monitor.

A Mac "Displays" menu, with various options highlighted.
You can change your display settings in various ways.

Ross James contributed to a previous version of this article.

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How to uninstall or delete apps on your Mac computer

Searching on laptop
It’s easy to uninstall apps from your Mac.

  • You can uninstall apps from your Mac by moving them to the Trash.
  • If you downloaded the app from the App Store, you can also uninstall it through Launchpad.
  • Uninstalling an app should delete most of its data, but some data may be left behind on your Mac.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

If you’re like most people, apps take up more space on your Mac than any other kind of file. And in many cases, the biggest apps are ones that you barely use.

Luckily, it’s easy to uninstall apps on a Mac. You can get rid of them like any other file: Just throw them in the trash.

Here’s how to uninstall apps from your Mac.

How to uninstall apps on a Mac

Using Finder

1. Find the app you want to uninstall, either on your Desktop or in a Finder window. If the app is on your Dock but you can’t find it anywhere else, right-click it in the Dock and then select Options and Show in Finder.

2. Once you find the app icon, you have two options. You can:

  • Right-click the icon and select Move to Trash
  • Click and drag the app icon to the Trash app
A Mac's Applications folder, with the Move to Trash option highlighted.
You can right-click on any app or file to delete it.

In either case, the app icon will disappear from your Finder or Desktop, along with all or most of its data. If the app icon is still in your Dock, just click it and it should give an error message and then disappear.

And to fully delete all the data, open Trash and click Empty in the top-right corner.

A Mac's Trash folder, with the "Empty" option highlighted.
Click “Empty” to fully delete everything in the Trash folder.

Using Launchpad

If you downloaded the app you’re uninstalling from the Mac App Store, you can also uninstall it through the Launchpad.

1. Open Launchpad and scroll to find the app you want to uninstall.

2. Click and hold your mouse on the app until all the apps start to shake.

3. If the app was downloaded from the App Store, it should have an X icon in the top-right corner. Click that X, and then click Delete.

A Mac's Launchpad screen, with the "Delete" option highlighted.
Click the X and then confirm you want to delete the app.

The app icon – and its data – will disappear.

Olivia Young contributed to a previous version of this article.

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How to allow cookies on your Mac to save passwords and other important information

Typing on laptop keyboard Mac computer
It’s easy to manage the cookies that are stored on your Mac’s Safari web browser.

  • You can allow cookies on your Mac from Safari’s Preferences page.
  • Allowing cookies lets your browser save important information like passwords and search history.
  • If you want to keep cookies from some sites only, you can selectively remove stored cookies by site.
  • Visit Insider’s Tech Reference library for more stories.

Cookies are the little snippets of data used to track your internet browsing patterns, which are then stored in your computer. Many people believe that cookies are overused for targeted advertisements, which can often be labeled as “creepy.”

But cookies can actually be quite helpful. For example, cookies allow your computer to remember important information like log-in credentials so you don’t always have to enter your password. Cookies also let you save items in a shopping cart when you’re looking to buy something online.

If you’d like to allow cookies on your Mac’s Safari web browser, here’s how.

How to allow cookies on Mac in Safari

1. Open your Safari web browser.

2. On the left side of the toolbar at the very top of your screen, click Safari and select Preferences in the drop-down.

Screenshot of Safari Preferences drop-down
Under “Safari,” click “Preferences.”

3. In Preferences, go to the Privacy tab – the icon that looks like a hand in a circle.

4. Next to Cookies and website data, make sure the box next to Block all cookies is not checked.

Screenshot of Safari Preferences window
In the “Privacy” tab, uncheck the box next to “Cookies and website data.”

Unchecking Block all cookies will allow any and all cookies to be stored by websites you visit as well as third-party trackers, which are typically advertisers.

How to remove data stored by certain websites using Safari on Mac

In Mac’s Safari, you can remove browsing data stored by certain websites you visit on your computer.

1. Open your Safari web browser.

2. In the left side of the toolbar at the very top of your screen, click Safari and select Preferences in the drop-down.

Screenshot of Safari Preferences drop-down
Under “Safari,” click “Preferences.”

3. In Preferences, go to the Privacy tab – the icon that looks like a hand in a circle.

4. Under Block all cookies, click on Manage Website Data.

Screenshot of Safari Preferences window, Privacy tab
Click “Manage Website Data.”

5. Here you can remove information collected by certain sites by selecting a site in the list and clicking Remove at the bottom of the window. Or, you can remove information collected from all sites by clicking Remove all at the bottom of the window. Removing your cookie data might reduce the amount websites track you, but it might also log you out of certain websites.

Screenshot of Safari Preferences Manage Website Data window
Click “Remove” or “Remove all.”

6. Click Done in the bottom-right corner of the window when you’re finished.

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Alt + F4: The Windows keyboard shortcut for closing applications, explained

hands typing on laptop keyboard PC
Keyboard shortcuts, like Alt + F4, are a fast way to accomplish tasks quickly on Windows.

  • Alt + F4 is a Windows keyboard shortcut that completely closes the application you’re using.
  • It differs slightly from Ctrl + F4, which closes the current window of the application you’re viewing.
  • Laptop users may need to press the Fn key in addition to Alt + F4 to use this shortcut.
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Alt + F4 is a handy keyboard shortcut for Windows that closes the current application on your computer.

In this guide, we’ll go over what Alt + F4 is, how it differs from Ctrl + F4 (a similar shortcut with a slight difference), and what to do when Alt + F4 doesn’t work.

What is Alt + F4?

Alt + F4 is a keyboard shortcut that completely closes the application you’re currently using on your computer.

Alt + F4 differs slightly from Ctrl + F4, which closes the current tab or window of the program you’re currently using. For example, if you were on a web browser and had multiple tabs open, Alt + F4 would close the browser entirely while Ctrl + F4 would only close the open tab you were viewing.

Alt + F4 works on Windows 10 and all other Windows editions.

To use this command, press the Alt key and the F4 key at the same time. Alternatively, press and hold the Alt key, then, while still holding down the Alt key, press the F4 key.

What to do when Alt + F4 doesn’t work

If Alt + F4 doesn’t work, you can close an active application using Task Manager. To do this, press Ctrl + Alt + Delete, then click Task Manager. Alternatively, press Ctrl + Shift + Esc to open Task Manager or right-click on the program you’re trying to close and click “End task.”

It’s common for this command to not work on laptops or multifunction keyboards. This is because on these types of keyboards, the function keys have additional functions like adjusting the brightness of your screen or playback volume. To use the Alt + F4 shortcut on these types of keyboards, press the Fn key at the same time (Alt + Fn + F4).

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