Elon Musk asked Cathie Wood about the Buffett indicator flashing red. The Ark Invest chief explained why she isn’t worried.

Elon Musk SpaceX Tesla CEO holds hand to face thinking
Elon Musk.

  • Elon Musk asked Cathie Wood about the Buffett indicator’s record readings.
  • The Ark Invest CEO criticized GDP as a measure and trumpeted innovation.
  • Buffett’s favorite market gauge surged before the dot-com crash.
  • See more stories on Insider’s business page.

Elon Musk asked Cathie Wood this week what she thought about Warren Buffett’s favorite market indicator flashing red recently. The star stock-picker replied that the gauge is likely inaccurate, and argued the heady valuations of certain technology stocks are justified.

“What do you think of the unusually high ratio of S&P market cap to GDP?” the Tesla chief asked the Ark Invest boss. He was referring to a version of the Buffett indicator, which takes the combined market capitalization of a country’s publicly traded stocks and divides it by the latest quarterly GDP figure available.

The S&P 500 represents about 78% of the total market cap of US stocks, as measured by the Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index. The S&P 500’s combined market cap has surged past $33 trillion this year – more than 150% of the latest estimate for fourth-quarter US GDP of $21.5 trillion.

Wood replied to Musk’s question by suggesting that GDP understates economic growth because it doesn’t fully account for increased productivity. Technological innovations today are “dwarfing” those in previous eras, driving down prices and fueling demand, she continued.

The Ark founder also drew a line between the dot-com bubble and the current hype around tech stocks.

“Back then, investors chased the dream before the tech was ready and while costs were too high,” she said. “After gestating for 20-30 years, the dream has turned into reality.”

Moreover, Wood predicted that companies that have failed to innovate and instead have borrowed money to fund stock buybacks and dividends “will pay a steep price.” She expects them to be forced to cut prices to shift inventory and make debt repayments.

In short, Wood’s view is that the disconnect between the S&P 500’s market capitalization and national GDP isn’t worrying because GDP is a flawed measure, unprecedented innovation justifies higher company valuations, and technological advances are cutting costs so inflation won’t be a problem either.

Her stance clashes with Buffett’s praise of his namesake gauge as “probably the best single measure of where valuations stand at any given moment” in a Fortune article in 2001. When the indicator peaked during the dot-com boom, it should have been a “very strong warning signal” of an upcoming crash, the Berkshire Hathaway CEO wrote.

Musk might have to wait a few more months to find out which investor is right.

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Warren Buffett’s favorite market gauge surges to record high, signaling global stocks are overpriced and poised to tumble

Warren Buffett
Warren Buffett.

  • Warren Buffett’s favorite metric suggests global stocks are pricier than ever.
  • The “Buffett indicator” reached 123%, exceeding its level during the dot-com boom.
  • Economic shutdowns and government stimulus have fueled the record readings.
  • See more stories on Insider’s business page.

Warren Buffett’s preferred market gauge has surged to an all-time high, signaling global stocks are extremely overpriced and could crash in the coming months.

The global version of the “Buffett indicator” has breached 123%, surpassing its previous record of 121% during the dot-com bubble. The milestone was first highlighted by the Welt market analyst Holger Zschaepitz on Twitter.

The metric takes the combined market capitalizations of publicly traded stocks worldwide, and divides it by global gross domestic product. A reading of 100% or more suggests the global stock market is overvalued relative to the world economy.

Buffett, the billionaire investor who runs Berkshire Hathaway, trumpeted the indicator in a Fortune magazine article in 2001. He described it as “probably the best single measure of where valuations stand at any given moment.”

When the yardstick hit a record high before the dot-com bubble burst, that should have been a “very strong warning signal,” Buffett added.

However, Buffett’s favorite indicator has several shortcomings. For example, it compares current stock valuations to past GDP figures. Not all countries provide regular, reliable GDP data either.

The gauge’s elevated level also reflects the fact that pandemic-linked lockdowns, business closures, and travel restrictions have depressed economic growth. Meanwhile, government interventions have artificially pumped up stock prices.

For example, the Buffett indicator continues to flirt with record highs in the US, partly because federal officials have pumped trillions of dollars into the economy over the past year.

Here’s the global version of the Buffett indicator:

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